Rwanda - National Communication
Submitted by andrea on Sat, 2009-06-20 01:49
- Agriculture/Food Security
- Coastal Zones and Marine Ecosystems
- Water Resources
Potential Adaptation Measures
- Improvement of soil conservation techniques particularly in highlands (Northwest of Rwanda and zones of Congo-Nile Ridge) and introduction of agro forestry practices.
- Introduction of new improved crop varieties particularly early-fruiting, resistant and adapted to climate (for example climbing beans in highlands, sweet potato, rice, Irish potato, sorghum and maize)
Food security and land and freshwater ecosystems
- Extension between researcher (ISAR) and farmer, use of fertilisers; use of improved agricultural and animal husbandry technologies (for example irrigated crops and livestock stalling); construction of valley-dams.
- Assistance to poor people;
- Construction of storehouses for foodstuff;
- Processing and conservation of farm produces;
- Formulation of land management plan
For human settlements and industrial plants, proposed measures are:
- To plan human settlements, industrial plants and related infrastructures by the use of master plans;
- To plan and implement allocation plans of clustered villages-imidugudu in rural areas;
- To provide the population and local authorities with capacity to set up anti-erosion works (anti-erosion ditches and radical terraces) and plant trees where forest plantations have been cut;
- To first identify very fragile (critical) zones and build breast-walls to protect roads;
- To stabilise streams running across towns and city and build protecting walls on both riverbanks where required;
- To develop laws prohibiting human settlements in fragile zones and quarters.
For energy sector, the following adaptation measures are considered:
- To invest more in energy generation infrastructures by building other hydropower stations. Potentials exist on river Nyabarongo (Bulinga, 28MW), on rivers of Rusizi and Akagera and on small streams where micro-hydropower stations can be built;
- To promote new and renewable energies;
- To control erosion on hillsides around lakes Bulera and Ruhondo to prevent sedimentation, which would, on the long run, lead to their death whereas they stand for compensating reservoirs for Ntaruka and Mukungwa hydropower stations.