Peer-reviewed article

Engaging the private sector in financing adaptation to climate change: Learning from practice

The costs of adaptation to climate change in developing countries have been estimated to reach $70 - $100 billion per year between 2010 and 2050. Unlocking private finance can support public decision-makers facing constrained public budgets to achieve climate resilience by leveraging the ingenuity, skills, and financial resources of businesses and the larger financial sector. Moreover, the private sector itself is gradually becoming aware of the physical risks and opportunities arising from a changing climate.

Addressing flooding in the city of Surat beyond its boundaries

This paper describes the flood risks faced by Surat, one of India’s most successful and also most flood-prone cities. The city is located on the Tapi River and faces flood risks not only from heavy precipitation in and around the city but also from heavy precipitation upstream and from high tides downstream. Reducing the risks from upstream depends on better water management in a water catchment area and dam reservoir located far outside the city authority's jurisdiction and in another state.

Adaptation to climate change in Africa: Challenges and opportunities identified from Ethiopia

A B S T R A C TAfrica is widely held to be highly vulnerable to future climate change and Ethiopia is often cited as one of the most extreme examples. With this in mind we seek to identify entry points to integrate short- to medium-term climate risk reduction within development activities in Africa, drawing from experiences in Ethiopia. To achieve this we employ a range of data and methods. We examine the changing nature of climate risks using analysis of recent climate variability, future climate scenarios and their secondary impacts.

Africa Adaptation Programme Experiences: Gender and Climate Change: Advancing Development Through an Integrated Gender Perspective

This first paper in the AAP Discussion Paper Series focuses on the links between gender and climate change adaptation. The AAP has made gender equality an important goal in each of its 20 participating countries. To promote equitable and gender-sensitive adaptation to climate change, the AAP is actively supporting countries to increase their capacities to integrate gender perspectives into both the design and implementation of climate change strategies and national development plans.

Climate Refugees: Implications for India


There is as yet no agreement on the status of people displaced by climate change and the term “climate refugees” has no place in international law. While refugees are supposed to be people who cross national borders, climate change is seen to induce people to move within their countries. And even if climate refugees are recognised, who is going to be responsible for their protection and rehabilitation?