Coping with Drought and Climate Change in Ethiopia
Leading Organization:United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:UNDP, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development; National Meteorological Agency; Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Agency ; World Food Program; Ministry of Finance and Economic Development; Environmental Protection Authority; Ministry of Water Resources; NGO; CBOs
Climate change is already affecting the security of Ethiopia’s sustainable development. Rain-fed agricultural production, mushrooming population growth, and a decline in per capita environmental resource availability (including arable land, water, pasture, forest and biodiversity) render the livelihoods of the majority of the population sensitive to climate-related shocks including drought and flooding. Climate change threatens to exacerbate the impacts of over- and misuse of national environmental resources, with concomitant impacts on the country’s environment, food, water and energy security.
The United Nations Development Programme Ethiopia Country Office (UNDP-CO) has been engaged in and focused on climate change and related issues. As a knowledge organization, it hopes to upscale its contribution and impact on the policy dialogue in order to help ensure that Ethiopia is well informed on the opportunities and challenges open to the country in order to mitigate climate change induced impacts and adapt to climate change. To develop and pilot a range of effective community level coping mechanisms for reducing the vulnerability of farmers particularly women and children in Kalu Woreda, the GEF/UNDP supported copping with Drought and Climate change project is being implemented since 2010.
The UNDP/GEF initiated, Coping with Drought and Climate Change (CwDCC), Project is a model project being implemented in four African countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. The main objective of the project is to pilot drought and climate change activities in the four drought affected countries, where the impacts of drought have been found more disastrous than anywhere. The project was initiated to underline experience sharing across the project countries in the efforts to cope with drought and climate change.
The project has the goal to assist Ethiopia to adapt to the long-term adverse effects of climate change. It addresses the future impacts of climate change, increasing the adaptive capacity of local and national stakeholders to cope with increased frequency and intensity of drought and climate change induced impacts. The project is supposed to build adaptive capacity of the rural poor to cope with drought and climate change and then to contribute towards the reduction of the treat of climate change on livelihood of the rural poor. The project is also expected to build capacities of key stakeholders to utilize and effectively disseminate climate and early warning information in agricultural planning processes.
The major objective of the project is to develop and pilot a range of effective coping mechanisms for reducing the vulnerability of farmers in kalu woreda/district to drought and climate change.
Objective: To develop and pilot a range of effective coping mechanisms for reducing the vulnerability of farmers particularly women and children in KaluWoreda/district to drought.
Target: 20% reduction in vulnerability to climate change of men, women and children living in pilot sites.
Outcome 1: Livelihood strategies that enhance the resilience of vulnerable farmers to cope with drought and climate change adopted and sustained.
Target: 25 % of households (disaggregated by gender) adopt alternative livelihood strategies introduced by the project.
25% of the target villages adopt sustainable land management practices introduced by the project.
Outcome 2: Enhanced use of early warning information in agricultural systems at the selected pilot sites
Target: 90% of pilot sites (DAs/Kebele administration) disseminate weather/drought information.
50% of households (disaggregated by gender) receive and use weather forecast information.
Outcome 3: Farmers/ agro-pastoralists outside the pilot sites were exposed to successful approaches and practice of the pilot kebeles
Target: 20% of farmers/ agro pastoralists (disaggregated by gender) outside the target area that adopt/replicate best practices
Project Status:Under Implementation
Primary Beneficiaries:Rural community in KaluWoreda, the South Wollo Zone in the north eastern part of the country.