In terms of development, the object is to prepare water managers and users for changing climatic conditions (especially reduced flows) through provision of technical data, planning, and improved allocation, capacity building and awareness-raising. The overall goal is to mainstream climate change into Integrated Water Resources Management in the Pangani Basin, so that it may support the equitable provision of freshwater for the environment and for livelihoods for current and future generations.
The Pangani River Basin is about 43,650 km2, with about 5% of this area in Kenya and the remainder distributed across the Arusha, Manyara, Kilimanjaro and Tanga administrative regions of Tanzania. The Pangani River system drains the southern and eastern sides of Africa’s highest peak, Mt. Kilimanjaro (5,985 m), as well as Mt. Meru (4,566 m), then passes through the arid Maasai Steppe, draining the Pare and Usambara Mountain Ranges before reaching the coastal town of Pangani, marking its estuary with the Indian Ocean. See Annex 2 for map of Pangani Basin. Most project activities are concentrated in Tanzania, however, some activities and processes, especially those involving Lake Jipe, will include Kenyan stakeholders and field sites.
The Pangani Basin has an estimated population of 3.7 million people, 80% of whom rely, either directly or indirectly, on agriculture for their livelihoods (IUCN 2003). In addition to nationally important large and small scale agricultural resources, the basin also includes four hydroelectric power facilities with a combined production capacity of 91.5 MW or 17% of Tanzania’s national power grid capacity (IUCN 2003).
The Pangani Basin is a water-stressed area with many latent and emerging conflicts among water user groups. The basin has been adversely affected by changing climatic conditions during the past decade and the situation will likely worsen as temperature increases are expected to reduce annual flow in the basin by 6-10% (VPO-URT 2003, OECD 2003). The eness-raising. Within this overall purpose, project outcomes and activities will focus on three technical areas:
- Understanding current and future climatic vulnerability (in the broadest sense of the term): and developing and using such information for more equitable water allocation in a changing hydrological regime
- Negotiated outcomes to minimize future climatic vulnerability and future climatic risk: Continuing dialogues to ensure sustainable water resources management
- Incorporating climate change adaptation in the water sector: national linkages and lessons learned. Lessons learned will come from experiences of all three outcomes
- Conducting an assessment of water flows for the Pangani River
- Training 10 technicians to understand climate change implications for river flow
- Establishing a catchment forum to discuss water management and other stakeholder management forums to build awareness and political will to resolve conflicts
- Promoting basin-level participation in national climate change and water management
- Developing and disseminating awareness materials on the implications of climate change and various likely river flow scenarios among local authorities, decision makers, communities and the private sector.
- Management and allocation of water in Pangani Basin includes climate change preparation and adaptation and environmental considerations in a sound Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) framework
Source: Tanzania Project Document (PIMS: 3308)
There are no related resources for this project.
Financing Amount1,000,000 (as of November 15, 2010)
Cofinancing Total3,750,000 (as od November 15, 2010)
Local communities, including subsistence farmers, pastoralists, and commercial farmers among others, are competing for dwindling water resources in Pangani Basin. The project will benefit these primary stakeholders by raising awareness about climate change, providing technical advice and capacity to water user associations and also by creating various forums for communities to express their views and participate in decision-making about water resources.