Adaptation to Climate Change in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (KACCAL)
Leading Organization:United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)World Bank
Implementing Agency:Special Programmes, Office of the President
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:Ministry of Finance, Government of Kenya
The objective of the KACCAL project is to assist Kenya in adapting to expected changes in climatic conditions that otherwise threaten the sustainability of rural livelihoods in its arid and semi-arid lands.
Kenya’s geographic location makes it inherently prone to cyclical droughts and floods. Moreover, according to the Initial National Communication (INC), such types of cyclical climate-driven events will increase in intensity and frequency due to global climate change. Livelihoods and economic activities in Kenya’s are highly vulnerable to climatic fluctuations, with the districts of the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) being among the most vulnerable to recurrent droughts, and to long-term climate change.
The rural poor are the most vulnerable to the impacts of Kenya’s current climate variability. In response this project is supporting poor and vulnerable communities in the Mwingi District of the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) to enhance their adaptive capacity to drought (and flood). Working in the pilot areas, this is being achieved through enhanced access to and management of water for irrigation, promotion of indigenous crops that more resilient to anticipated climate (and improved access to markets for these crops), and promoting livestock varieties that are more suited to the climate, development and promotion of alternative livelihood opportunities (such as beekeeping activities).
The project is also strengthening climate risk management planning and capacity of District level planners to mainstream climate change into District-level sectoral development plans. Extension workers will be supported to improve their adaptation extension advice to farmers based on best available climate forecast information.
Objective: To increase the capacity of communities in the selected districts of the ASALs to adapt to climate variability and change.
Outcome 1: Enhanced capacity of national and regional government stakeholders to plan, manage and implement climate change adaptation measures.
Outcome 2: Enhanced capacity of district and local level level stakeholders to plan, manage and implement climate change adaptation measures.
Enhanced communities’ ability to plan, manage and implement climate-related activities. .
Outcome 1: 20 national and regional policy makers are aware of CC impacts and CCA needs in ASAL.
Outcome 2: CCA mainstreamed into 3 District sectoral development plans (Agriculture, Water, Forestry and Wildlife)
Outcome 3: 180 households will benefit directly from the pilot projects (6 community groups); an additional 360 households (12 community groups) to benefit from exchange visits to pilot sites; c. 10,000 households in the pilot areas (75% of households) will benefit from dissemination of adaptation advice.
Project Status:Under Implementation
Primary Beneficiaries:Communities in the selected districts of the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs)