Samoa is an island nation in the tropical cyclone region of the South Pacific. Its climate is typical of small tropical islands, with high rainfall and humidity and distinctive wet and dry seasons. However severe tropical cyclones occur during the summer months of December to February. Samoa is also vulnerable to anomalously long dry spells that coincide with the El Nino South Oscillation (ENSO) phenomena. The economy of Samoa has traditionally been dependent on agriculture, fishing, development aid, and family remittances from overseas. Agriculture employs two-thirds of the labour force and accounts for 90% of exports. Highly susceptible to climate change, however, the agricultural sector is now threatened.
About 70% of Samoa’s population and infrastructure are located in the coastal area. This is a serious concern: nearly all the coastal settlements in Samoa are located in low-lying areas and are very vulnerable to sea level rise and extreme events such as cyclones, prolonged droughts and coral bleaching stimulated by extremely low tides.
PACC Samoa aims to improve the adaptive capacity of its coastal communities by incorporating climate risks into key development sectors. By reinforcing existing coastal infrastructure, planting coastal vegetation and promoting coastal resource use changes (e.g. reducing sand-mining by local communities, promoting conservation), climate-induced degradation and erosion of coastal areas and infrastructure is being reduced.
As of April 2012, actions taken at the ground level include:
- Coordinating community consultation and engagements – to inform the communities of the roles and expectations of the project, encourage their support as well as facilitate ownership of the initiatives;
- Undertaking site specific vulnerability and adaptation assessment, Socio-economic assessment – to assess the level of vulnerability and existing coping methods. The results of these assessments inform the screening and selection of appropriate adaptation options to implement;
- Constructing coastal protection mechanism;
- Re-vegetation of selected coastal areas;
- Developing a bylaw for Tafitoala to manage its water resource.
- Holding apacity building workshops and seminars for the community on the importance of selected adaptation options.
- Awareness programmes during the Annual National Environment Week.
There are no related resources for this project.
Financing AmountNational Budget Allocation: GEF-SCCF: $750,000
Cofinancing TotalProject Co-Financing: $2,500,000
PACC National CoordinatorMinistry of Natural Resourcesmoira.firstname.lastname@example.org
PACC Regional Project ManagerSPREPtaiton@sprep.org
UNDP Environment Programme OfficerUNDPmarta.email@example.com
UNDP Regional Technical AdvisorUNDPgabor.firstname.lastname@example.org
Communities in the project sites in Samoa.