Integrating Climate Change Risks and Opportunities into National Development Processes and United Nations Country Programming – El Salvador
Leading Organization:United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:UNDP, UNOPS
Climate change is expected to impact El Salvador in a number of ways from causing a decrease in the production of basic grains due to increased temperatures and floods, to a decrease in recreational and turistic lands, and diminished catches by local fisherman. Current UN development assistance frameworks have yet to incorporate climate change risks. Nonetheless, their impact could considerably affect the attainment of the MDGs and the sustainability of present and future UN development actions. In addition, there are wasted opportunities in certain programmes and projects, which could contribute to the adaptation of the country to climate change.
One way to implement adaptation is to integrate, or ‘mainstream’ the considerations related to climate change into decision-making and planning processes. This involves taking into account risks and opportunities brought about by climate change, and putting in place adaptation measures that have a long-term vision of development.
With funds from the Spanish Government, UNDP is implementing this pilot project in five countries, including El Salvador. The purpose of the project is to develop capacities of UN staff and government stakeholders to integrate risks and opportunities of climate change in national programming and development policies, such as their UNDAF, sectoral programmes, and development plans.
The project was implemented between January 2009 and May 2010 in El Salvador. As in the other countries taking part in this project, the draft UNDP methodology 'Quality Standards for Integrating Climate Change Adaptation' were used to undertake the risk screening analysis (identification of climate risks, adaptation opportunities, risks of maladaptation, and potential adaptation measures to manage the risks).
Visit the associated 'experience' page of El Salvador on the ALM for further information. Full reports of the risks screenings are available on the project website: www.pnud.org.sv/2007/ds/content/blogcategory/4/89/. Colombia, Nicaragua, Cape Verde and Malawi are also part of this pilot. Visit their ALM page to learn more.
1. Knowledge base and capacity of UNDP COs and/or UNCTs for managing climate change risks enhanced
2. Knowledge base to support the integration of climate change risks into national development policies strengthened
1.1 Risk-screening of programming documents/projects, and adjustment of programming procedures in the pilot countries.
1.2 Capacity development of UNDP COs, UNCTs and other relevant stakeholders in the pilot countries.
1.3 Synthesis and dissemination of lessons learned through the ALM.
2.1 Risk screening of climate change risks into national development policies in pilot countries.
2.2 Synthesis and dissemination of lessons learned through the ALM.
Primary Beneficiaries:UNCT/UNDP CO and National Government Stakeholders