Integrating Climate Change Risks and Opportunities into National Development Processes and United Nations Country Programming – Nicaragua
Leading Organization:United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:UNDP, UNOPS
Nicaragua is a country particularly sensitive to climate change due to its economic dependency on the agricultural sector, high poverty index and settlements located in areas at risk of landslides and floods. Current UN development assistance frameworks have yet to incorporate climate change risks. Nonetheless, their impact could considerably affect the attainment of the MDGs and the sustainability of present and future UN development actions. In addition, there are wasted opportunities in certain programmes and projects, which could contribute to the adaptation of the country to climate change.
One way to implement adaptation is to integrate, or ‘mainstream’ the considerations related to climate change into decision-making and planning processes. This involves taking into account risks and opportunities brought about by climate change, and putting in place adaptation measures that have a long-term vision of development.
With funds from the Spanish Government, UNDP is implementing this pilot project in five countries, including Nicaragua. The purpose of the project is to develop capacities of UN staff and Government stakeholders to integrate risks and opportunities of climate change in national programming and development policies, such as their UNDAF, sectoral programmes, and development plans.
The project was implemented between May 2009 and April 2010 in Nicaragua. As in the other countries taking part in this project, the draft UNDP methodology 'Quality Standards for Integrating Climate Change Adaptation' were used to undertake the risk screening analysis (identification of climate risks, adaptation opportunities, risks of maladaptation, and potential adaptation measures to manage the risks). Three capacity development and information workshops were organised in 2009 on the topic of climate change and the importance of integrating its considerations into development activities. One focused on national institutions and government officials, the second on UN staff members and the third on NGO representatives (for a total of approximately 90 participants). Climate risks assessments of two documents were then undertaken by the project team: the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF 2008-2012) and three sections of the National Plan of Human Development (2008-2012), namely water, health and rural development.
In 2010, the project has focused on finalising the documents and validating the draft results of the risk screening with staff and stakeholders. Three meetings were organised to review the UNDAF; one final workshop will be hosted in April to present final results and discuss next steps for integrating climate change at a wider scale. Colombia, El Salvador, Cape Verde and Malawi are also part of this pilot (see their project page on this ALM website). Also visit this project's [**Experience Page in Nicaragua**](http://www.adaptationlearning.net/experience/lecciones-aprendidas-del-pr...) and peruse the project's products below.
1. Knowledge base and capacity of UNDP COs and/or UNCTs for managing climate change risks enhanced
2. Knowledge base to support the integration of climate change risks into national development policies strengthened
1.1 Risk-screening of UN programming documents/projects, and adjustment of programming procedures in the pilot countries.
1.2 Capacity development of UNDP COs, UNCTs and other relevant stakeholders in the pilot countries.
1.3 Synthesis and dissemination of lessons learned through the ALM.
2.1 Risk screening of climate change risks into national development policies in pilot countries.
2.2 Synthesis and dissemination of lessons learned through the ALM.
Primary Beneficiaries:UNCT/UNDP CO and National Government Stakeholders