Hurricane Stan was the eighteenth named tropical storm and eleventh hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season in Central America. Floods and mudslides obliterated many communities including the project site, the Taltimiche village. The communities’ lands in the highlands of Guatemala’s San Marcos department were completely destroyed.
To cope with these damages, the community members started planting tree nurseries using their own money. However, climate change variabilities such as torrential storms with strong winds, higher temperatures, longer summer seasons with prolonged periods of droughts and occasional frosts exacerbate the soil erosion and water shortage in the area, increasing the occurrence of landslides. These lead to loss of agricultural production of basic grains and threaten the food security of the community members who locally produce 70-80% of the food they consume. In addition to relying on agriculture for subsistence, the community members also rely on agriculture for income generation.
In this regard, this Community-Based Adaptation project enhances the communities’ on-going activities by building nurseries to produce 35,000 trees of native species such as pine, alder, oak and cypress. Using a participatory approach, knowledge-raising and capacity-building workshops are given to the community members on climate change, its impacts and the adaptive solutions including: reforestation, soil conservation techniques, crop management and revitalizing other native species such as potatoes and beans. Terracing, using stones, and other techniques to help lessen the damages of landslides are also covered.
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