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UNFCCC Headlines: Carbon Capture   UNFCCC Headlines: A provincial problem: Putting a price on carbon   UNFCCC Headlines: This music school is lit by solar energy   UNFCCC Headlines: Federal government commits to global accord on climate   UNFCCC Headlines: US to submit plans to fight global warming; most others delay   UNFCCC Headlines: Eiffel Tower goes dark in symbolic move for Earth Hour   UNFCCC Headlines: Mexico sets 25 pct pollution cut by 2030 for climate talks   UNFCCC Headlines: Vanuatu needs compensation, not charity (opinion)   UNFCCC Headlines: Green Climate Fund accredits ADB to receive project finance for Asia-Pacific region   UNFCCC Headlines: Dubai buildings must use green concrete   UNFCCC Headlines: Earth Hour lights-out seeks to illuminate climate plight   UNFCCC Headlines: Stronger thunderstorms driving rise in tropical rainfall: study   UNFCCC Headlines: Study shows acceleration in decline of Antarctic ice shelves   UNFCCC Headlines: 2C climate change target ‘utterly inadequate’   UNFCCC Headlines: Green Climate Fund names 7 intermediaries to channel cash   UNFCCC Headlines: Leaders of European cities make pledge to tackle climate change   UNFCCC Headlines: Les métropoles européennes réunies à Paris pour le climat   UNFCCC Headlines: Drought Draught: it's the taste of climate change   UNFCCC Headlines: Large fall in UK greenhouse gas emissions of over 8% last year   UNFCCC Headlines: Ghana inaugurates REDD+ Gender sub-working Group   UNFCCC Headlines: EU member states agree to start talks on carbon market reform law   UNFCCC Headlines: Detailed case study on China's national carbon market: IETA   UNFCCC Headlines: EU Nations Reach Deal to Start Carbon-Market Reserve in 2021   UNFCCC Headlines: 'Ice vault' idea to keep climate's time capsule intact   UNFCCC Headlines: Prolonged weakening of Atlantic Ocean overturning caused by global warming can impact weather   UNFCCC Headlines: Half-trillion-dollar green bond market, led by China, looks for a regulator   UNFCCC Headlines: Green Climate Fund urged to ban coal funding   UNFCCC Headlines: France plans to lobby for agricultural tech at COP 21   UNFCCC Headlines: US Tribal Nations Plan 11 Energy Projects With DOE   UNFCCC Headlines: Le Maroc en faveur d'un développement durable   UNFCCC Headlines: Thirty new bean varieties bred to beat baking climate   UNFCCC Headlines: Mary Robinson: Climate deal must respect human rights   UNFCCC Headlines: No jargon, more action: The key to sustainable development (by Richard Branson)   UNFCCC Headlines: UN climate chief joins alumni calling on Swarthmore to divest from fossil fuels   UNFCCC Headlines: Solution to global warming will be found in new technologies   UNFCCC Headlines: Climate denial is immoral, says head of US Episcopal church   UNFCCC Headlines: China should link southern carbon markets ahead of nationwide scheme -study   UNFCCC Headlines: The lights are going out for coal - and humans may be starting to fight back against global warming   UNFCCC Headlines: Berlin fracking bill criticised ahead of UN climate talks   UNFCCC Headlines: EU seen giving carbon market compromise tentative backing   UNFCCC Headlines: Lord Stern: development and climate finance should not be separated   UNFCCC Headlines: US museums asked to sever ties with fossil fuel industry   UNFCCC Headlines: UN chief stresses need to mitigate climate change patterns   UNFCCC Headlines: Global warming is now slowing down the circulation of the oceans — with potentially dire consequences   UNFCCC Headlines: Live Earth Revived: All Roads Lead to Paris   UNFCCC Headlines: Greenhouse gas emissions: Who’s responsible for climate policy in Canada?   UNFCCC Headlines: Insurance industry demands 'ambitious, meaningful' global climate deal   UNFCCC Headlines: Experts pitch for fossil fuels to drive growth in India   UNFCCC Headlines: Norwegian parliament votes on new climate change law   UNFCCC Headlines: Countries reveal progress on 2020 forest restoration challenge   UNFCCC Headlines: Niue leader expects more climate devastation in region   UNFCCC Headlines: Brazil’s Deforestation Rates Are on the Rise Again   UNFCCC Headlines: World Water Day 2015: UN calls for global unity in pursuit of better water access for all   UNFCCC Headlines: Climate change: China official warns of 'huge impact'   UNFCCC Headlines: The climate wars are upon us   UNFCCC Headlines: Warming oceans storing up long term climate impacts, says WMO   UNFCCC Headlines: Paris will ban half of all cars from driving Monday to combat pollution   UNFCCC Headlines: Solar sails set course for a new journey into renewable energy   UNFCCC Headlines: Urban homes emit more greenhouse gases than industry: Study   UNFCCC Headlines: China’s top weather expert warns of ‘huge impacts’ due to climate change   UNFCCC Headlines: UN calls for action as global water crisis looms   UNFCCC Headlines: Forest conservation key to combating climate change, say UN officials   UNFCCC Headlines: Faith Leaders Hope to Sow Seeds of Change for Climate   UNFCCC Headlines: Rich Nations Criticized Following UN Disaster Risk Agreement   UNFCCC Headlines: Vanuatu: The Grief Of Islands (opinion)   UNFCCC Headlines: Seychelles president calls emergency meeting for Vanuatu   UNFCCC Headlines: Business leaders call for low carbon EU energy union   UNFCCC Headlines: Following Shakespeare’s lead on climate change (opinion)   UNFCCC Headlines: Prince Charles Presses Climate-Change Agenda With Obama   UNFCCC Headlines: Obama sets emission cut goals for government   UNFCCC Headlines: EU carbon market emissions fell 3.7 percent in 2014: analysts   UNFCCC Headlines: U.N. forum adopts seven goals to mitigate disaster risks   UNFCCC Headlines: Is it really a folly to divest from fossil fuels?   UNFCCC Headlines: While promoting climate policies in Washington, Jerry Brown weathers fire at home   UNFCCC Headlines: Eiffel Tower shrouded in smog as Paris pollution spikes   UNFCCC Headlines: U.S. Catholics lead in concern about climate change: Yale study   UNFCCC Headlines: Amazon rainforest soaking up less carbon as trees die young: study   UNFCCC Headlines: New global disaster plan sets targets to curb risk, losses   UNFCCC Headlines: Caribbean Community Climate-Smarting Fisheries, But Slowly   UNFCCC Headlines: L'avion solaire Solar Impulse 2 a décollé d'Inde pour la Birmanie   UNFCCC Headlines: Op-Ed: The Arctic's big year - save it now or be sorry later   UNFCCC Headlines: Heavy storm damage to small island nation will affect Paris talks, diplomats say   UNFCCC Headlines: Humanity at 'five to midnight' on climate: EU official   UNFCCC Headlines: Analysis: How market forces are winning the climate change battle   UNFCCC Headlines: Include Climate Change in Disaster Planning, FEMA Says   UNFCCC Headlines: California, Quebec Teaming Up On Climate Change   UNFCCC Headlines: Yeb Sano: Vanuatu’s grief is a warning of climate impacts to come   UNFCCC Headlines: Solar energy plane a power point on clean fuel   UNFCCC Headlines: ADB raises $500M from ‘green’ bond issue for climate change projects   UNFCCC Headlines: Vietnam plans greener rice cultivation   UNFCCC Headlines: World cannot prosper without cutting carbon emissions, says Climate Group   UNFCCC Headlines: Climate variability out, climate change in   UNFCCC Headlines: World needs early warning of climate-linked disasters   UNFCCC Headlines: C40 Launches City Climate Change Hazard Taxonomy for Public Comment   UNFCCC Headlines: Harvard's president speaks in China about climate change   UNFCCC Headlines: China scales up pilot carbon trading markets   UNFCCC Headlines: Start managing disaster threat or risk development gains: experts   UNFCCC Headlines: Vanuatu blames climate change for Cyclone Pam   UNFCCC Headlines: Climate politics waters down ambition of UN disaster risk deal   UNFCCC Headlines: Global emissions pause comes amid China's clean energy push (+video)   UNFCCC Headlines: Climate change brings disasters on steroids (comment)   UNFCCC Headlines: Al Gore: 2015 Paris conference will spur global climate change policies (blog)   UNFCCC Headlines: Ban highlights climate risks as Vanuatu counts dead from Cyclone Pam   UNFCCC Headlines: Net-zero emissions: Defining it; getting there   UNFCCC Headlines: A picture of indigenous inspiration   UNFCCC Headlines: World Bank, UK to help poor nations hit by natural disasters   UNFCCC Headlines: Climate change: UN backs fossil fuel divestment campaign   UNFCCC Headlines: UN head urges better safeguards for climate disasters   UNFCCC Headlines: 'Long struggle' warning on climate   UNFCCC Headlines: Extreme weather the new normal in Australia's disaster-prone neighbourhood   UNFCCC Headlines: Energy: Tanzania in talks with China on funding for wind farm   UNFCCC Headlines: John Kerry Urges Nations to Back Paris Climate Change Talks   UNFCCC Headlines: World Council of Churches: "Right to hope" despite climate change challenges   UNFCCC Headlines: Science ‘has big role in solving desertification issues ’   UNFCCC Headlines: Shell warns oil demand could fall without climate solution   UNFCCC Headlines: Sendai: UN disaster risk reduction conference key to future sustainable development agenda   UNFCCC Headlines: Global emissions trading scheme 'should be based on UN carbon budget'   UNFCCC Headlines: Kerry: 'Energy Policy' the Solution to Climate Change   UNFCCC Headlines: Mega-disasters and urbanization spur spike in displacement: reportMega-disasters and urbanization spur spike in displacement: report   UNFCCC Headlines: Unprecedented stall of global carbon emissions in 2014 while economy grows   UNFCCC Headlines: Boris Johnson told to divest £4.8bn pension fund from fossil fuels   UNFCCC Headlines: Modi pledges climate alliance with small island states   UNFCCC Headlines: As Climate Wars Heat Up, Some Skeptics Are Targets   UNFCCC Headlines: Germany seeks to boost renewable sources of heating   UNFCCC Headlines: China needs CO2 cap to meet climate pledges: legislator   UNFCCC Headlines: Climate one of “top risks” facing insurance industry – Mark Carney   UNFCCC Headlines: Losing paradise: the people displaced by atomic bombs, and now climate change   UNFCCC Headlines: We must reclaim the climate change debate from the political extremes (comment)   UNFCCC Headlines: United Nations to Hold Disaster Meeting in Tsunami-Hit Japan   UNFCCC Headlines: Norway Bets Pollution Abroad an Easier Battle: Carbon & Climate   UNFCCC Headlines: Google-powered map helps fight deforestation   UNFCCC Headlines: Same natural forces as today triggered climate change 1.4 bn yrs ago   UNFCCC Headlines: Consensus and geoengineering - how to convince people about global warming   UNFCCC Headlines: Climate change threatens human rights, Kiribati president tells UN   UNFCCC Headlines: Smart energy solutions on the agenda at Cyprus conference   UNFCCC Headlines: China's Chongqing cuts carbon permit supply   UNFCCC Headlines: Disaster damage expected to hit $300 billion yearly as events intensify   UNFCCC Headlines: Solar-powered plane lands in India on 2nd leg of world trip   UNFCCC Headlines: Cardinal indicates themes of pope's climate change document   UNFCCC Headlines: Twist on carbon footprinting ‘could unblock’ UN climate talks   UNFCCC Headlines: Boat schools bring classroom to Bangladesh's flood-hit children   UNFCCC Headlines: African ministers back 1.5C warming goal for Paris summit   UNFCCC Headlines: Gender Equality and Earth’s Future (by Christiana Figueres, Amina J. Mohammed and Mary Robinson)   UNFCCC Headlines: EU Nations to Discuss Carbon Market Reserve Proposal Tomorrow   UNFCCC Headlines: What to watch for in U.S. climate plan for Paris   UNFCCC Headlines: Paris Fashion Week: bonkers scenes on the catwalk mark business as usual for Vivienne Westwood   UNFCCC Headlines: The World Of Energy Is Getting Diversified (comment)   UNFCCC Headlines: Global warming is happening FASTER: Climate change is 'set to speed up to rates not seen for 1,000 years', warn scientists   UNFCCC Headlines: A changing climate could be destroying Chile's mummies   UNFCCC Headlines: Byron Bay first regional Australian city to commit to zero emissions   UNFCCC Headlines: 'Man-made' climate change a major woman's problem   UNFCCC Headlines: Developed countries urged to take lead in climate change actions   UNFCCC Headlines: Qatar Highlights National Strategy to Address Global Warming   UNFCCC Headlines: The Guardian view on climate change and social disruption (comment)   UNFCCC Headlines: Solar-power plane airborne on historic round-the-world trip   UNFCCC Headlines: Lured by marriage promises, climate victims fall into trafficking trap   UNFCCC Headlines: Climate summit’s pledges on carbon cuts ‘won’t avert global disaster’   UNFCCC Headlines: Human-induced climate change undermines rights: UN   UNFCCC Headlines: Can solar transform the energy market? (blog)   UNFCCC Headlines: Arctic sea ice near its all-time minimum low and could break previous record   UNFCCC Headlines: “Second wave” of climate pledges to UN deal expected in September   UNFCCC Headlines: Economics: Support low-carbon investment   UNFCCC Headlines: Europe blazes trail against climate change   UNFCCC Headlines: Opinion: Bridging the Gap – How the SDG Fund is Paving the Way for a Post-2015 Agenda   UNFCCC Headlines: Global flood toll to triple by 2030   UNFCCC Headlines: No Doubt, Usher, My Morning Jacket Headlining Global Citizen Earth Day Event   UNFCCC Headlines: Shell’s Ollila Says Society Must Find ‘Middle Way’ on Climate Change   UNFCCC Headlines: Africa needs to find $50bn fast, or an already bad climate change picture could get uglier: study   UNFCCC Headlines: Leonardo DiCaprio to make more nature docs with Netflix   UNFCCC Headlines: Liberia makes waves with greener shipping plan   UNFCCC Headlines: India to partner with Africa to fight climate change   UNFCCC Headlines: Investing in disaster resilience vital for sustainable development – senior UN official   UNFCCC Headlines: African ministers gather in Egypt to tackle climate change   UNFCCC Headlines: UN: African Robin Hood tax could fund climate adaptation efforts   UNFCCC Headlines: UN prepares for disaster deal to address climate change risk   UNFCCC Headlines: Thailand tests floating homes in region grappling with floods   UNFCCC Headlines: U.S. Senate fails to override Obama's veto of Keystone XL approval   UNFCCC Headlines: China tries to ditch its coal addiction, reduce energy intensity   UNFCCC Headlines: Africa has ‘no responsibility’ for climate change: Sisi   UNFCCC Headlines: Make 2015 the year we did our best for the planet   UNFCCC Headlines: Nineteen EU nations hand out 500 mln free 2015 CO2 permits   UNFCCC Headlines: Senate committee battles over climate change transparency   UNFCCC Headlines: Grandmother walks across country for climate awareness   UNFCCC Headlines: Focus on green tech to tackle climate change, says UK's climate adviser   UNFCCC Headlines: Prospects For A Paris Climate Deal Are Good - But They Could Be Better   UNFCCC Headlines: Tutu joins Harvard divestment push   UNFCCC Headlines: China in Talks to Determine Top Climate Negotiator for Paris   UNFCCC Headlines: More ASEAN countries adopt the 2050 Pathways Calculator   UNFCCC Headlines: India doubles coal tax to promote renewables   UNFCCC Headlines: What Are The Financial Risks Of Climate Change?   UNFCCC Headlines: Christiana Figueres: We need a climate deal for the people of Guiuan   UNFCCC Headlines: First global solar flight plans to take off on Saturday   UNFCCC Headlines: All 6,000 Mosques in Jordan Will Soon Go Solar   UNFCCC Headlines: Interview: Egypt aims to benefit from China expertise in environmental issues   UNFCCC Headlines: PH may seek int'l aid to address climate change   UNFCCC Headlines: What Are INDCs and Why Will You Be Talking About Them This Year?   UNFCCC Headlines: The United Nations' Hand in Hand with Emirati Youth   UNFCCC Headlines: The Philippines: ramping up climate resilience (commentary)   UNFCCC Headlines: Researchers Link Syrian Conflict to a Drought Made Worse by Climate Change   UNFCCC Headlines: La Francophonie face aux défis environnementaux en Afrique   UNFCCC Headlines: Malaysia should table climate change motion at Asean summit: researchers   UNFCCC Headlines: Awareness on causes of climate change vital   UNFCCC Headlines: Al Gore and Michael Bloomberg are Helping Indian Solar Power Expand   UNFCCC Headlines: The Guardian view on food security: if the dreamers lose, we face a nightmare (editorial)   UNFCCC Headlines: ‘Imperative we take climate road to Paris’ (by Heherson T. Alvarez)   UNFCCC Headlines: Members of €32bn Danish pension funds to vote on fossil fuel divestment   UNFCCC Headlines: Doctors should take lead in push to curb climate change: experts   UNFCCC Headlines: Switzerland first to submit climate plan for Paris U.N. deal   UNFCCC Headlines: Zhang Yong favourite to replace Xie as China climate envoy in Paris   UNFCCC Headlines: SE Asia has central role in global climate fight   UNFCCC Headlines: France’s Hollande visits ‘Yolanda’-hit Eastern Samar town   UNFCCC Headlines: Planet Earth is a sick patient due to climate change, says Prince Charles   UNFCCC Headlines: Pope Francis Climate Change Poll 2015: Where America Stands On Controversial Issue Now   UNFCCC Headlines: Aquino, Hollande launch Manila call to action on climate change   UNFCCC Headlines: Cooler Pacific has slowed global warming, briefly - study   UNFCCC Headlines: World Bank seeks $500 million for African weather services   UNFCCC Headlines: France and Philippines call for “ambitious” UN climate deal   UNFCCC Headlines: Indigenous carbon farming project still burning bright despite market uncertainty   UNFCCC Headlines: Failure in Paris would be grave, warns US climate envoy   UNFCCC Headlines: Climate Finance Tops $35 Billion a Year, U.S. Envoy Says   UNFCCC Headlines: European Parliament hopes to revive carbon market in 2019   UNFCCC Headlines: Polish PM says no case for early reform of EU carbon market   UNFCCC Headlines: How Indigenous philosophy could help us understand climate change   UNFCCC Headlines: What Do Apple, Citi and Shell Have in Common?   UNFCCC Headlines: Experts weigh in on Malaysia’s erratic weather – Bernama   UNFCCC Headlines: Don’t take lightly climate change, global warming, warns Najib   UNFCCC Headlines: French President Hollande in Philippines to promote fight against climate change   UNFCCC Headlines: Europe releases vision for Paris climate change deal   UNFCCC Headlines: UN climate chief to visit PH   UNFCCC Headlines: The critical flaw in the EU's climate plan   UNFCCC Headlines: Mobile technology helps Sri Lanka cope with climate change   UNFCCC Headlines: As sea levels rise, climate change threatens entire Pacific cultures   UNFCCC Headlines: EU “backtracks” on climate goals in UN pledge, say experts   UNFCCC Headlines: Artificial glacier could help Ladakh villagers adapt to climate change   UNFCCC Headlines: Top officials say UN development system must adapt to challenges posed by post-2015 agenda   UNFCCC Headlines: Eiffel Tower going green with two wind turbines   UNFCCC Headlines: Climate finance: the focus must be on quality not quantity   UNFCCC Headlines: France and Philippines: Poster children for climate talks?   UNFCCC Headlines: Why Is the Clock Ticking for a Climate Deal in 2015?   UNFCCC Headlines: OECD: Green Investment Bank should fund emerging clean tech   UNFCCC Headlines: EU targets 60% global carbon cuts by 2050 in leaked climate plan   UNFCCC Headlines: EU pushes for tough Paris climate deal - draft   UNFCCC Headlines: Welcoming the French president (opinion)   UNFCCC Headlines: EU wants Paris climate deal to cut carbon emissions 60% by 2050   UNFCCC Headlines: Climate pact offers improved relations   UNFCCC Headlines: 2015 pivotal for finalizing universal climate change agreement, Ban tells Member States   UNFCCC Headlines: INDCs: Bridging the Gap Between National and International Climate Action   UNFCCC Headlines: Floods, storms and heat projected to cost SE Asia $34 bln per year   UNFCCC Headlines: UN scientists say climate change dims Africa's progress   UNFCCC Headlines: ‘Modi government has shifted gears on climate change’ (interview with Robert Orr)   UNFCCC Headlines: Obama to host Britain's Prince Charles at White House in March   UNFCCC Headlines: Rwanda: We Do Not Need to Isolate Climate Change From Other Devt Activities, UK Official Says   UNFCCC Headlines: Inter-ministerial talks on climate change begin   UNFCCC Headlines: World’s biggest offshore windfarm approved   UNFCCC Headlines: Climate change bill faces uphill battle   UNFCCC Headlines: Prescott Makes 'Thumping' Return To Frontline   UNFCCC Headlines: Greenhouse gas emissions claims rejected   UNFCCC Headlines: Climate change: Minister says efforts being made to cope with negative impacts   UNFCCC Headlines: Aviation Emissions Projects Soon Clear For Take-off Under Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism   UNFCCC Headlines: Climat : Hollande cherche à redorer son « étoile verte »   UNFCCC Headlines: Cyclone Marcia: Climate change is expanding the tropics   UNFCCC Headlines: UN urges to boost investments to tackle neglected tropical diseases   UNFCCC Headlines: An artist's impression of desertification in Mongolia   UNFCCC Headlines: NZ and Pacific develop climate change strategies   UNFCCC Headlines: Namibia: Global United Go North for Climate Kick 2015   UNFCCC Headlines: Fighting Climate Change with Community Action   UNFCCC Headlines: More Sick Sea Lion Pups Washing Up on California Beaches   UNFCCC Headlines: India’s Largest Bank Commits $12.5 Billion For Renewable Energy Funding   UNFCCC Headlines: RI not rushing into emissions commitments for Paris summit   UNFCCC Headlines: Greek Orthodox Patriarch to attend Philippines climate change forum on French president’s invitation   UNFCCC Headlines: Economists warn of “lost decade” risk for EU carbon market   UNFCCC Headlines: Climate Change And New York City: More Heat, Rain And Flooding On The Horizon For Big Apple   UNFCCC Headlines: Post-2015 agenda must give real voice to developing nations: Bhagwant Bishnoi   UNFCCC Headlines: COP 21 : petit manuel de gouvernance et de géopolitique du climat (opinion)   UNFCCC Headlines: Paris: Don’t leave out planes and ships (opinion)   UNFCCC Headlines: US-based EcoSikh to focus on climate change   UNFCCC Headlines: Japan Looks to Ocean for Renewable Energy   UNFCCC Headlines: EU politicians haggle over carbon market reform date   UNFCCC Headlines: UAE inaugurates micro grid solar plant in Fiji   UNFCCC Headlines: De jeunes Européens tiennent leur "sommet climat" à Toulouse   UNFCCC Headlines: EU launches pilot projects to leverage green energy spending   UNFCCC Headlines: Scientists sound storm warning on African climate change   UNFCCC Headlines: Kyoto Protocol: 10 years of the world’s first climate change treaty   UNFCCC Headlines: As Kyoto Protocol turns 10, UN says 'first critical step' must trigger new 2015 emissions-curbing deal   UNFCCC Headlines: Limited climate change accord likely in Paris, IPCC expert says   UNFCCC Headlines: PM Narendra Modi for innovation in renewable energy for affordable power   UNFCCC Headlines: EU policy mash dents carbon markets before Paris climate deal   UNFCCC Headlines: Real progress on climate change needs trust between all political parties (by Ed Davey)   UNFCCC Headlines: Rare ray of hope in UN climate talks   UNFCCC Headlines: Paris climate deal must lay ground for global carbon trading, MPs say   UNFCCC Headlines: Who pays? Who cuts emissions? 5 issues for UN climate deal   UNFCCC Headlines: U.N. climate deal set to rely on persuasion, not coercion   UNFCCC Headlines: From Bangkok to Bhutan, growing cities race to outrun disasters   UNFCCC Headlines: Vatican mulling new department to tackle environmental issues   UNFCCC Headlines: UN climate deal moving closer, say Least Developed Countries   UNFCCC Headlines: Small islands will not accept weak Paris climate deal – official   UNFCCC Headlines: President Aquino asks private sector to invest in biodiversity-friendly ventures   UNFCCC Headlines: Global Environment Facility to take up pilot projects in 4 cities   UNFCCC Headlines: U.N. Climate Talks Advance Link Between Gender and Climate Change   UNFCCC Headlines: From Geneva: Timing is everything in UN climate negotiating process (blog)   UNFCCC Headlines: ‘By 2050, 20% jump possible in risk of hunger due to climate change’   UNFCCC Headlines: European Environmental Markets looks to shake up EU carbon trade   UNFCCC Headlines: Progress in Geneva with climate pact blueprint   UNFCCC Headlines: UN deal to combat global warming complicated as length of draft text balloons   UNFCCC Headlines: Exclusion of ‘loss and damage’ would make Paris deal useless   UNFCCC Headlines: Oil sector must take lead in climate debate: Shell CEO   UNFCCC Headlines: Shell chief urges industry to speak up in climate debate   UNFCCC Headlines: Antarctic sea ice gains do not “cancel out” Arctic sea ice losses, NASA finds   UNFCCC Headlines: EU CO2-Fix Talks Spark Lawmakers’ Optimism on Compromise   UNFCCC Headlines: Renewable energy sector to attract $200 billion: Piyush Goyal   UNFCCC Communication: CAF/COM/3 E   UNFCCC Headlines: Is climate change fuelling war?   UNFCCC Headlines: Vast draft text won’t derail Paris talks, says UN climate chief   UNFCCC Headlines: IPCC could conduct annual climate review, says Pachauri   UNFCCC Headlines: Obama seeks $2 billion in private dollars for clean energy   UNFCCC Headlines: Save the trees: New campaign against deforestation launched   UNFCCC Headlines: Burlington, Vermont Becomes First U.S. City to Run On 100% Renewable Electricity   UNFCCC Headlines: Investments in African schools, health and other infrastructure exposed to climate risks   UNFCCC Headlines: Scientists urge global 'wake-up call' to deal with climate change   UNFCCC Headlines: Climat : 80% des Français attribuent le réchauffement à l'homme   UNFCCC Headlines: S. Korean carbon market numb in first month   UNFCCC Headlines: Rich world helping bankroll export of coal technology-data   UNFCCC Headlines: 'Loss & damage' issue brings developing countries together   UNFCCC Headlines: Geneva climate meeting kicks off with updated negotiating text   UNFCCC Headlines: Ballooning UN climate text risks becoming “unmanageable”   UNFCCC Headlines: EU to exert 'maximum pressure' in seeking emissions cuts   UNFCCC Headlines: Will Companies Solve Climate Change Before Countries? (blog)   UNFCCC Headlines: A 23-year experiment finds surprising global warming impacts already underway   UNFCCC Headlines: Dubai Municipality initiative to combat global warming   UNFCCC Headlines: Buried in Boston? 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South Tarawa — Over 37,000 mangrove seedlings have recently been planted on the islands of Aranuka, Butaritari, Maiana, Makin and in North and South Tarawa.

The seedlings were planted through an activity funded by KAPII (Kiribati Adaptation Program Phase II) under the supervision of the Government of Kiribati’s Environment and Conservation Division.

Turang Favae, Acting Biodiversity and Conservation Officer at the Environment and Conservation Division says, "First and foremost it contributes to the building of coastlines and protects our shores against coastal erosion."

Mangroves, although considered a ‘soft’ option when compared to seawalls, can be one of the most effective forms of coastal protection that in addition provide a range of other benefits.

"We see mangroves as an important habitat for marine life that use the mangroves as their homes. In that sense mangrove ecosystems are important to the marine species that we depend on for our livelihoods," says Mrs. Favae. "They also contribute to the natural carbon dioxide cycle, act as buffers to storm surges and sea sprays and help filter nutrient runoff from land as mangrove roots absorb these nutrients and reduce pollution impacts on the sea."

Dr. Helene Jacot Des Combes, of the Pacific Centre for Environment and Sustainable Development at the University of the South Pacific, Suva, sees mangroves as a coastal protection option that can go beyond government and into the hands of the people.

"It is a solution that is not as costly as others and it can be done by the community, there is no real maintenance required and it profits the community by providing extra food and fire wood," says Dr. Jacot Des Combe.

Community involvement in the planting is indeed central to the planting programme implemented in Kiribati confirms Mrs. Favae. "The importance of engaging the community is to gain their full support in the management of the mangroves themselves. We encourage and practice mangrove planting with communities, youth groups and school students so they can see the importance of planting and gain a sense of ownership to look after and manage the mangroves."

The Government of Kiribati has long recognised the importance of healthy coastal ecosystems and well managed coastal protection. Mangrove planting is seen to support these national aims that are outlined in both the 2008-2011 Kiribati Development Plan (KDP) and the 2006-2010 Kiribati National Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan (NBSAP).

"To replant native plants contributes to the renewal of the ecosystem. When planting is successful it has impacts both on the protection of the coast and also for food security by providing more fish and crabs for the community,"says Dr. Jacot Des Combe.

In Kiribati mangroves are also culturally important as they are utilised as a source of building materials, dye and medicine. Yet one issue encountered has been barnacles that have caused the destruction of smaller seedlings, particularly in South Tarawa.

Mrs. Favae has long been concerned about this issue. "It appears there is not much we can do about the barnacles, as it has been suggested their presence is linked to sea water salinity levels."

Regardless of the obstacles faced, the program has proved successful with the majority of seedlings planted now growing towards becoming healthy mature plants.

Perhaps most importantly public awareness of the importance of mangroves is growing in Kiribati. To lead by example, the President of Kiribati himself recently planted mangroves alongside local youths in South Tarawa.

Through her experience in the Outer Islands, Mrs. Favae knows that "community support is essential to the sustainability of mangroves." The significance of this cannot be understated, as mangrove planting is a climate adaptation strategy that truly places the ability to act into the hands of the people of Kiribati.

The Government of Kiribati KAPII project is supported by the World Bank, the Global Environment Facility, AusAID and the New Zealand Aid Programme. The key goal is to reduce Kiribati’s vulnerability to climate change, climate variability and sea level rise.

Source: http://www.preventionweb.net