Leading Organization:
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
UNDP in partnership with the State Secretariat for Environment located within the Ministry of Economy and Development (MED), Government of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) provide a process for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change – those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage. A central element of the Timor-Leste NAPA has been the establishment and active participation of six dynamic Sector Working Groups on food security, water, health, disasters, biodiversity and infrastructure.

The following summarizes the NAPA for Timor Leste:

Adaptation measures proposed by Timor-Leste include:

  • Food Security: Reduce the vulnerability of farmers and pastoralists to increased drought and flood events.
  • Water Resources: Promote Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) to guarantee water access in a climate change context.
  • Human Health: Enhance the capacity of the health sector and communities to anticipate and respond to changes in distribution of endemic and epidemic climate-sensitive diseases, and reduce the vulnerability to infection of populations in areas at risk from expansion of climate-related diseases.
  • Timor-Leste National Adaptation Programme of Action to Climate Change 12
  • Natural Disasters: Improve institutional and community (including vulnerable groups such as women and children) capacity to prepare for and respond to climate change induced natural disasters.
  • Forests, Biodiversity and Coastal Ecosystems: Maintain and restore mangrove and forests and promote awareness raising to protect coastal ecosystems and forests from climate change impacts.
  • Livestock Production: Improve planning and legal framework for the promotion of sustainable and balanced food for livestock production.
  • Physical Infrastructure: Improve regulations, standards and compliance for climate-resilient infrastructure.
  • Supporting the ambitious national poverty reduction target in relation to the expected increased storm intensity at sea by improving the capacity to forecast and adapt offshore oil and gas infrastructure to withstand strong storms and waves.
  • A ninth priority area, underpinning all others, focuses on developing National Institutional Capacity for Climate Change through which overarching programme level coherence will be ensured.

Taken collectively, these activities provide a coherent programme which, if implemented as an integrated programme, would significantly reduce the vulnerability of Timor-Leste’s critical development sectors to climate-related risks.


Project Components:

The Specific objectives were: 1.To set up Institutional structure for the preparation of the NAPA document 2.To conduct participatory assessment of vulnerability to current climate variability 3.To identify key climate change adaptation measures and develop proposals for priority activities to address the adverse effects of climate change 4.To prepare the NAPA document in the format established by the COP 5.To have the NAPA document endorsed by the national Parliament, Council of Ministers and the Prime Minister 6.To disseminate the final NAPA document to the public.

Project Status:
Completed September 2011.
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