The coastal zone of Mozambique is likely to experience significant impacts as a result of climate change during the course of this century. Mean sea levels will rise, wave patterns will alter, and the frequency and intensity of storms will change. More than 60% of the population of Mozambique lives in coastal areas, placing significant pressure on coastal resources and natural capital. The inherent dynamic nature of coastlines combined with exposure to destructive maritime hazards, sea level rise (SLR), inefficient land usage, and strain on natural resources renders the Mozambican coastline highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, particularly coastal erosion.
Protective ecosystems, such as mangrove swamps, dune systems and coral reefs, are critical to improving resilience against SLR and destructive maritime hazards (storm surges, tsunamis and tropical cyclones). So too is addressing the widespread poverty in coastal areas, which inadvertently contributes to the widespread degradation of ecosystems. As such, livelihood diversification is a key component of this project.
The project aims to break down barriers to weak inter-sectoral policy coordination and development, eliminate financial constraints, and build institutional and individual capacity to plan for the effects of climate change. The project will support the development of human, social, natural, physical and financial capitals in order to establish climate-resilient livelihoods in Mozambique’s coastal zones.