National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) provide a process for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change – those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage. The following summarizes the NAPA for Niger.
Description The objectives of NAPAs are: To serve as simplified and direct channels of communication for information relating to the urgent and immediate needs for adaptation in Niger; To facilitate capacity building for the preparation of initial national communications, and addressing urgent and immediate adaptation needs.
Climate Related Hazards * Flooding (flash) * Drought and low flows * Windstorms * Sand/dust storms * Extreme temperatures * Forest fires
Main Human Vulnerabilities and Livelihood Impacts * Reduced agricultural production * Reduced fishery productivity * Water shortage and/or groundwater depletion * Increased disease and/or other health problems * Income generation * Loss of forest area or production * Loss of biodiversity * Loss of land or degradation
Priority Adaptation Projects 1. Fodder crops species introduction in pastoral areas 2. Promotion of food banks for livestock 3. Restoration of basins for the promotion of crop irrigation 4. Diversification and intensification of crop irrigation 5. Promotion of peri-urban market gardening and cattle breeding 6. Promotion of income-making activities and development of mutual benefit societies 7. Mobilization of surface water and exploitation of ground water 8. Production and dissemination of agro-meteorogical data 9. Promotion of food banks 10. Contribution to the fight against climate sensitive diseases 11. Development of anti-erosion infrastructures (CES/DRS) for agricultural forestry and pastoral purposes 12. Popularization of animal and vegetative species that are most adapted to climatic conditions 13. Protection of riversides and restoration of silted up ponds 14. Building material, technical and organizational capacities of rural producers