National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) provide a process for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change – those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage. The following summarizes the NAPA for Yemen.
Climate Related Hazards * Increased water scarcity and reduced water quality – leading to increased hardship on rural livelihoods; * Increased drought frequency, increased temperatures, and changes in precipitation patterns – leading to degradation of agricultural lands, soils and terraces; * Deterioration of habitats and biodiversity – leading to expansion of desertification; * Reduced agricultural productivity – leading to increased food insecurity and reduced income generating activities; * Increased sea levels – leading to deterioration of wetlands, coastal mangrove migration, erosion, infrastructure damage, and seawater groundwater intrusion; * Increased climatic variability – leading to the possibility of spread and growth of vector borne and water borne diseases; and * Impacts on coastal zones leading to a loss of tourism activity due to sea level rise including loss of beaches
Main Human Vulnerabilities and Livelihood Impacts * Agriculture * Water Resources * Human Health * Human Settlements * Energy * Fisheries and Marine Resources * Infrastructure Development * Education * Tourism * Waste Management
Priority Adaptation Projects 1. Develop and Implement Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM). 2. Water conservation through reuse of treated waste water and grey 3. Awareness Raising on Adaptation to Climate Changes. 4. Establishment and Maintaining of Climate Change Database 5. Planting and re-planting of mangroves and palms for adaptation to sea level rise. 6. Develop and implement programs to improve Yemen’s preparedness to cope with extreme weather events. 7. Rainwater harvesting through various techniques including traditional methods. 8. Rehabilitation and maintenance of mountainous terraces. 9. Promotion of research on drought, heat and salinity tolerant varieties 10. Sustainable land management to combat desertification and land degradation 11. Sustainable management of fisheries resources 12. Incorporation of Climate Change and adaptation into school education