National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) provide a process for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change – those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage. The following summarizes the NAPA for the Maldives.
Climate Related Hazards * Sea-level rise * Precipitation * Temperature * Extreme events
Main Human Vulnerabilities and Livelihood Impacts * Land, Beach and Human Settlements; * Critical Infrastructure; * Tourism; * Fisheries; * Human Health; * Water Resources; * Agriculture and Food Security and, * Coral Reef Biodiversity.
Priority Adaptation Projects 1. Integration of Future Climate Change Scenarios in the Safer Island Strategy to Adapt Sea Level Rise and Extreme Weather Risks Associated with Climate Change 2. Coastal Protection of Safer Islands to Reduce the Risk from Sea Induced Flooding and Predicted Sea Level Rise 3. Enhance adaptive capacity to manage climate change related risks to fresh water availability by appropriate technologies and improved storage facilities 4. Coastal Protection of Male' International Airport to Reduce the Risk from Sea Induced Flooding and Predicted Sea Level Rise 5. Enhance adaptive capacity to manage climate change related risks to fresh water availability by appropriate wastewater treatment technologies 6. Increase the resilience of local food production through enhancing the capacity of farmers, local communities to address food security issues caused by climate change and climate variability 7. Improve the health status of the population by the prevention and management of vector-borne diseases caused by changes in temperature and flooding due to extreme rainfall 8. Improve resilience of Island communities to climate change and variability through sustainable building designs 9. Investigating alternative live bait management, catch, culture and holding techniques in the Maldives to reduce vulnerability of the tuna fishery sector to the predicted climate change and variability 10. Improve the design and construction of access infrastructure in Maldives to increase the resilience of access infrastructure and island beaches to climate change 11. Increase resilience of coral reefs to reduce the vulnerability of islands, communities and reef dependant economic activities to predicted climate change *Priority options in agriculture and food security* * Develop a national food security strategy. * Secure trade agreements with foreign trade partners to ensure food security. * Establish capacity for emergency food storage in development focus islands at regional level. * Introduce new technologies to increase local food production. * Strengthen marketing and sale of local food items. * Improve allocation of land for agriculture. * Promote traditional food preservation and storage practice for local food. * Enforce and strengthen quarantine and integrated pest control to prevent pests and diseases. * Introduce new irrigation technologies. *Priority options in the fisheries sector* * Improve fish finding and fish harvesting. * Establish aquaculture/mariculture as an alternative to natural breeding to reduce the economic and social impacts of changing tuna abundance. * Undertake research and disseminate information on fisheries and climate change. * Experiment new and alternative species and breeding methods for livebait. * Integrated reef fishery management. * Exploit new species and promote poultry farming as alternative sources of protein to reduce overdependency on tuna for protein *Priority options in the health sector* * Strengthen regulatory and * institutional capacity for vector control. * Streamline the planning of healthcare services and strengthen medical emergency response. * Promote healthy lifestyles, healthy islands and healthy buildings. * Strengthen the capacity for healthcare delivery. * Undertake research and disseminate information on climate change related diseases. * Increase nutrition promotion campaigns. *Priority options in coral reef biodiversity* * Provide alternatives to coral and sand as construction materials and enforce the ban on coral mining. * Enhance the capacity for waste management to prevent pollution of marine environment. * Formulate and implement an oil pollution contingency plan. * Acquire appropriate sewage treatment technologies. * Establish marine protected areas. * Establish an information base on coral reefs and climate change. * Undertake monitoring and research to prevent coral diseases and rehabilitate coral reefs. * Develop measures to protect coral reefs from development activities. *Priority options in water resources management* * Acquire appropriate sewage treatment and disposal technologies to protect water resources. * Increase safe rainwater harvesting. * Acquire desalination technologies appropriate for small islands. * Undertake recharging of aquifers to reduce salinisation from saltwater intrusion and storm surge flooding. * Protect and preserve natural water catchment areas.