Uganda is a land-locked country in Eastern Africa, bordered by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, the Sudan and Tanzania. The largest lake on the continent, Lake Victoria, is located on the country’s south-eastern border. Uganda is rich in natural resources, and has relatively fertile soil, biodiversity, rich vegetation and significant water resources; about 18 per cent of the country’s surface area is comprised of water bodies and swamps (OneWorld, 2009).
Approximately 80 per cent of the Ugandans depend on agriculture for their livelihoods and the sector generates 90 per cent of the country’s export earnings (OneWorld, 2009). Uganda has one of the highest population growth rates in the world, with the large majority of the population residing in urban areas (USDS, 2010). Although its Human Development Index has improved over the past decade and income poverty has improved considerably, it remains one of the poorest countries in the world. Its rural population is particularly impoverished (UNDP, 2007).

Uganda occupies 241,038 square kilometres, of which 43,941 square kilometers, representing 18.2% is open water and swamps. Most parts of Uganda lie at an average height of 1,200m above sea level. Project profiles have been developed based on the prioritized and ranked intervention strategies. The project profiles are not area specific including: 

  • Community tree growing in the highland areas, which are prone to landslides.
  • Adaptation to drought in the semi-arid areas
  • National Communication (NC)

  • Contribute to the ALM: Submit an Assessment

    Key Vulnerabilities

    * Water Resources

    Potential Adaptation Measures

    Agriculture and Food Security

    * Educational & outreach activities to change management practices to those suited to climate change
    * Switch to different cultivars
    * Enhance irrigation efficiency and/or expand irrigation
    * Agricultural research and transfer of technology
    * Develop new crops
    * Improve pest and disease forecast and control

    Water Resources

    * Increase water supply, e.g. by using groundwater, building reservoirs, improving or stabilizing watershed management, desalination
    * Decrease water demands, e.g. by increasing efficiency, reducing water losses, water recycling, changing irrigation practices

    Contribute to the ALM: Submit an Assessment

  • National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA)

  • Contribute to the ALM: Submit a Program

    National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) provide a process for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change – those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage. The following summarizes the NAPA for Uganda.

    Climate Related Hazards

    * Flooding (flash) * Drought and low flows * Landslides * Sand/dust storms * Heat waves * Forest fires

    Main Human Vulnerabilities and Livelihood Impacts

    June 24, 2010