Country Profile - Rwanda
National Communication (NC)
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- Agriculture/Food Security
- Coastal Zones and Marine Ecosystems
- Water Resources
Potential Adaptation Measures
- Improvement of soil conservation techniques particularly in highlands (Northwest of Rwanda and zones of Congo-Nile Ridge) and introduction of agro forestry practices.
- Introduction of new improved crop varieties particularly early-fruiting, resistant and adapted to climate (for example climbing beans in highlands, sweet potato, rice, Irish potato, sorghum and maize)
Food security and land and freshwater ecosystems
- Extension between researcher (ISAR) and farmer, use of fertilisers; use of improved agricultural and animal husbandry technologies (for example irrigated crops and livestock stalling); construction of valley-dams.
- Assistance to poor people;
- Construction of storehouses for foodstuff;
- Processing and conservation of farm produces;
- Formulation of land management plan
For human settlements and industrial plants, proposed measures are:
- To plan human settlements, industrial plants and related infrastructures by the use of master plans;
- To plan and implement allocation plans of clustered villages-imidugudu in rural areas;
- To provide the population and local authorities with capacity to set up anti-erosion works (anti-erosion ditches and radical terraces) and plant trees where forest plantations have been cut;
- To first identify very fragile (critical) zones and build breast-walls to protect roads;
- To stabilise streams running across towns and city and build protecting walls on both riverbanks where required;
- To develop laws prohibiting human settlements in fragile zones and quarters.
For energy sector, the following adaptation measures are considered:
- To invest more in energy generation infrastructures by building other hydropower stations. Potentials exist on river Nyabarongo (Bulinga, 28MW), on rivers of Rusizi and Akagera and on small streams where micro-hydropower stations can be built;
- To promote new and renewable energies;
- To control erosion on hillsides around lakes Bulera and Ruhondo to prevent sedimentation, which would, on the long run, lead to their death whereas they stand for compensating reservoirs for Ntaruka and Mukungwa hydropower stations.
National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA)
Projects and Initiatives
Contribute to the ALM: Submit a Project or InitiativeBuilding capacity and raising awareness for a sensitive community on climate change adaptation in Rwanda (NBDF).Funding Source: CC DAREFebruary 8, 2011Adapting to Climate Change through Land and Biodiversity Conservation in Gishwati Area in the Nyabihu District (RENGOF).Funding Source: CC DAREAugust 20, 2010
Implementing Agency: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Funding Source: GEF-LDCFSeptember 25, 2009Reducing Vulnerability to Climate Change by Establishing Early Warning and Disaster Preparedness Systems and Support for Integrated Watershed Management in Flood Prone AreasImplementing Agency: UNDP/UNEP Funding Source: GEF-LDCFSeptember 22, 2009