Cuba is a large island located at the border of the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. The island’s terrain is generally flat, but mountains that reach up to 2,000 meters in height can be found in the southeast. The country’s climate is tropical and it experiences a dry season from November to April and a rainy season from May to October (USDS, 2010). The population of Cuba is 11.2 million, with 75 per cent of the population residing in urban areas (USDS, 2010).

  • National Communication (NC)

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    Key Vulnerabilities
    • Agriculture/Food Security
    • Coastal Zones and Marine Ecosystems
    • Water Resources
    • Public Health
    • Fisheries
    • Terrestrial Ecosystems
    • Disasters
    • Biodiversity
    Potential Adaptation Measures

    Agriculture and Food Security

    • Educational & outreach activities to change management practices to those suited to climate change
    • Switch to different cultivars
    • Agricultural research and transfer of technology
    • Improve pest and disease forecast and control

    Water Resources

    • Increase water supply, e.g. by using groundwater, building reservoirs, improving or stabilizing watershed management, desalination
    • Decrease water demands, e.g. by increasing efficiency, reducing water losses, water recycling, changing irrigation practices
    • Develop and introduce flood and drought monitoring and control system
    • Improve or develop water management

    Coastal Zones and Marine Ecosystems

    • Develop Integrated Coastal Zone Management
    • Develop planning/new investment requirements
    • Protect, including building sea walls, and beach nourishment
    • Research/monitor the coastal ecosystem

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