Bangladesh remains one of the world’s poorest and most densely populated countries despite its considerable development gains in the past several decades, including in the areas of gender parity, education, and infant and maternal health (MEF, 2009).  Low economic strength, inadequate infrastructure, low level of social development, lack of institutional capacity, and a higher dependency on the natural resource base makes Bangladesh particularly vulnerable to climate stimuli (including both variability as well as extreme events). Recognizing these vulnerabilities, Bangladesh has developed many adaptation measures to address adverse effects of climate change based on existing coping mechanisms and practices.
  • National Communication (NC)

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    Key Vulnerabilities
    • Coastal Zones and Marine Ecosystems
    • Water Resources
    • Public Health
    Potential Adaptation Measures

    Agriculture and Food Security

    • Educational & outreach activities to change management practices to those suited to climate change
    • Switch to different cultivars
    • Improve and conserve soils
    • Enhance irrigation efficiency and/or expand irrigation
    • Agricultural research and transfer of technology
    • Develop new crops
    • Develop early warning systems and disaster preparedness
    • Improve pest and disease forecast and control

    Water Resources

    • Increase water supply, e.g. by using groundwater, building reservoirs, improving or stabilizing watershed management, desalination
    • Decrease water demands, e.g. by increasing efficiency, reducing water losses, water recycling, changing irrigation practices
    • Develop and introduce flood and drought monitoring and control system
    • Improve or develop water management

    Coastal Zones and Marine Ecosystems

    • Develop planning/new investment requirements
    • Protect, including building sea walls, and beach nourishment
    • Research/monitor the coastal ecosystem

    Contribute to the ALM: Submit an Assessment

  • National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA)

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    The purpose of the proposed NAPA formulation project for Bangladesh is the development of a countrywide program that encompasses the immediate and urgent adaptation activities that address the current and anticipated adverse effects of climate change, including extreme events. The goal of the NAPA formulation for Bangladesh is the provision of a framework to guide the coordination and implementation of adaptation initiatives in the country, through a participatory approach and building synergies with other relevant environmental and related programs.

    July 6, 2009
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