Antigua and Barbuda is an archipelago nation located between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean with approximately 84,000 inhabitants. It consists of two principle islands, Antigua and Barbuda, as well as a number of smaller islands.Geographically, the islands are low-lying with the primary environmental influence being the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Climatic features include relatively high and uniform temperatures throughout the year and steady easterly trade winds. Both islands are among the driest in the eastern Caribbean.

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    Key Vulnerabilities

    • Agriculture/Food Security
    • Coastal Zones and Marine Ecosystems
    • Water Resources
    • Public Health
    • Fisheries
    • Disasters
    • Tourism

    Potential Adaptation Measures

    Agriculture and Food Security

    • Switch to different cultivars
    • Enhance irrigation efficiency and/or expand irrigation
    • Develop new crops

    Water Resources

    • Increase water supply, e.g. by using groundwater, building reservoirs, improving or stabilizing watershed management, desalination
    • Decrease water demands, e.g. by increasing efficiency, reducing water losses, water recycling, changing irrigation practices
    • Develop and introduce flood and drought monitoring and control system
    • Improve or develop water management
    • Alter system operating rules, e.g. pricing policies, legislation

    Coastal Zones and Marine Ecosystems

    • Develop Integrated Coastal Zone Management
    • Develop planning/new investment requirements
    • Protect, including building sea walls, and beach nourishment
    • Retreat
    • Research/monitor the coastal ecosystem