Afghanistan - Country-level Climate Data Summary
These country-level climate data summaries were prepared with funding from the UNDP National Communication Suport Programme (NSCP) and the UK government Department for International Development (DfiD) in order to address the climate change information gap for developing countries by making use of existing climate data to generate a series of country-level studies of climate observations and the multi-model projections made available through the WCRP CMIP3. A consistent approach has been applied for 52 developing countries in order to produce an 'off the shelf' analysis of climate data, and also make available the underlying data for each country for use in further research. For more information: UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles
For each of the 52 countries, a report contains a set of maps and diagrams demonstrating the observed and projected climates of that country as country average timeseries as well as maps depicting changes on a 2.5° grid and summary tables of the data. A narrative summarises the data in the figures, and placing it in the context of the country's general climate.
A dataset containing the underlying observed and model data for that country, is made available for use in further research projects. The files are smaller and more manageable than the global fields made available by the PCMDI, and in text format which can be easily downloaded, read and manipulated.
Recent Climate Trends
• Mean annual temperature has increased by 0.6°C since 1960, at an average rate of around 0.13°C per decade. The rate of increase is most rapid in SON, with increases at an average rate of 0.29°C per decade, and slower in DJF at a rate 0.11°C per decade.
• The frequency of hot days1 and hot nights has increased since 1960 in every season.
- The average number of ‘hot’ days per year has increased by 25 (an additional 6.8% of days2) between 1960 and 2003. The rate of increases is greatest in SON, when the number of hot SON days has increased by 3 days per month (an additional 10.3% of SON days) over this period.
- The average number of ‘hot’ nights per year has increased by 26 (an additional 6.7% of days) between 1960 and 2003.
To access more information on Afghanistan: UNDP Climate Change Country Profiles