Decision making in a changing climate: World Resources Report 2010-2011

Author(s):
World Resources Institute (WRI) in collaboration with United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Environment Programme, and World Bank
Year:
2011
City:
Washington D.C.
Publisher:
WRI
Summary:

The United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Environment Programme, the World Bank and the World Resources Institute have released the World Resources Report 2010–2011: Decision Making in a Changing Climate. The publication explores challenges and offers recommendations for national-level government officials to make informed and effective decisions to respond to the changing climate.

Gender, Climate Change, and Health

Author(s):
WHO
Year:
2011
Editor:
WHO
City:
Geneva
Publisher:
WHO
Pages:
38
Summary:

This report provides a first review of the interactions between climate change, gender and health. It documents evidence for gender differences in health risks that are likely to be exacerbated by climate change, and in adaptation and mitigation measures that can help to protect and promote health. The aim is to provide a framework to strengthen World Health Organization (WHO) support to Member States in developing health risk assessments and climate policy interventions that are beneficial to both women and men.

PACC Solomon Islands: In-Country Consultation Report

Author(s):
PACC
Year:
June 2009
Pages:
37
Summary:

This report provides the outcomes of the Solomon Islands in-country consultations on PACC which was held in the Solomon Islands from July 24 to 28, 2006. The report is divided into five sections:

Funding Source:
GEF-SCCF

Piloting Climate Change Adaptation to Protect Human Health

Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
UNDP, World Health Organization, and Ministries of Health in the pilot countries
Summary:

Description

To increase adaptive capacity of national health system institutions, including field practitioners, to respond to climate change-sensitive health risks.

Summary

Project Components:
  1. Climate change and health early warning and planning systems
  2. Institutional and technical capacity to manage climate change health risks
  3. Demonstration Measures to reduce vulnerability
  4. Regional Cooperation to address climate change health risks
Expected Outputs:
  • Outcome 1: Early warning systems will be adjusted to include climate change induced health risks.
  • Outcome 2: Capacity of health sector institutions to respond to climate-sensitive health risks will be improved.
  • Outcome 3: Prevention measures piloted in emerging and epidemic risk area.
  • Outcome 4: Cooperation among participating countries promotes innovation in adaptation to climate change including variability.
Project Status:
CEO Endorsed (November 30, 2009)
Funding Source:
GEF-SCCF
Financing Amount:
USD 4,500,000
Cofinancing Total:
USD 15,963,559
Total Amounts:
USD 20,933,244
Contacts:
  • Contact: Pradeep Kurukulasuriya,
  • (212) 906-6843
  • Email: pradeep.kurukulasuriya@undp.org
Image(s):

Piloting climate change adaptation to protect human health in Fiji

  • Project details

  • Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
    UNDP, World Health Organization, Ministry of Health
    Summary:

    Fiji Project Objective

    To increase the adaptive capacity of the health sector to respond to climate sensitive risks.

    Key Health Concerns and Vulnerability to Climate Change

    Fiji has conducted a study looking at which afflictions have a clear link with climate change. Dengue fever, diarrhoeal diseases (food and water borne) and nutrition-related illnesses were all shown to be linked to climate and have the potential to worsen with increasing climate change and variability.

    Project Components:
    1. Climate change and health early warning and planning  systems
    2. Institutional and technical capacity to manage  climate change health risks
    3. Demonstration Measures to reduce vulnerability
    4. Regional Cooperation to address climate change health risks
    Expected Outputs:

    Outcome 1: An early warning system providing reliable information on likely incidence of climate sensitive health risks.

    1. Climate sensitive health risks/CSD reporting system with prediction modeling.
    2. Institutional strengthening of health and key multisectoral partners in data management across sectors.
    3. Timely dissemination of data and advocacy.
    4. Information systems supporting integrated assessments of climate change and risks in management and long term health planning.

    Outcome 2: Capacity of health sector institutions to respond to climate sensitive health risks based on early warning systems improved.

    1. Clarified and harmonized institutional mandates and procedures to respond to climate risks to public  health.
    2. Health professionals in selected pilot regions have the capacity to respond to climate  sensitive health risks based  on early warning systems.
    3. Health professional in selected pilot regions have the capacity to effectively respond to HMDs and CSDs with specific attention on psychosocial intervention.

    Outcome 3: Disease prevention measures piloted in areas of heightened health risk due to climate change

    1. Community members are aware of climate change on their community and take actions to make adaptations to minimize potential health risks.
    2. Community members are aware of CSDs, what to do when symptoms develop and how to take preventative  measures to avoid them.
    3. Community members are aware of the effects of climate change on their community and take actions to make adaptation to minimize potential risks.
    4. Detailed Communication Plans in place (for Outcomes 1-3).
    Contacts:

    Pradeep Kurukulasuriya
    (212) 906-6843
    pradeep.kurukulasuriya@undp.org

    Country contact

    Dr Salanieta Saketa
    Permanent Secretary
    Ministry of Health (Chair) Jyotishma Naicker
    E-mail: pccaphh.fiji@gmail.com

    WHO contact

    Mr Steven Iddings
    WPRO WHO Representative a.i.
    E-mail: IddingsS@wpro.who.int
     

    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    GEF-SCCF
    Cofinancing Total:
    Not specified
    Total Amounts:
    550,000 USD

Piloting climate change adaptation to protect human health in Jordan

  • Project details

  • Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
    UNDP, World Health Organization, Ministry of Health
    Summary:

    Jordan Project Objective

    To increase adaptive capacity to respond to health risks resulting from water scarcity induced by climate change in Jordan.

    Key Health Concerns and Vulnerability to Climate Change

    Project Components:
    1. Climate change and health early warning and planning  systems
    2. Institutional and technical capacity to manage  climate change health risks
    3. Demonstration Measures to reduce vulnerability
    4. Regional Cooperation to address climate change health risks
    Expected Outputs:

    Outcome 1: A comprehensive and integrated monitoring and surveillance systems for wastewater reuse activities is in place.

    • Coordination and implementation of existing monitoring systems of quality of treated wastewater used in agriculture are improved.
    • Coordination and implementation of existing monitoring systems for food safety are improved.
    • Heath and epidemiological surveillance programs provide reliable data on wastewater-related diseases, linked to water and food quality monitoring.
    • Social acceptance of agricultural products irrigated by treated wastewater is increased.

    Outcome 2: Regulatory and institutional frameworks for management of health risks associated with increased wastewater reuse in unrestricted agriculture are improved and implemented.

    • National health guidelines or standards for safe wastewater reuse are developed and promoted.
    • Institutional responsibilities to operationalize the national health guidelines for safe wastewater re-use are defined.
    • A legislative tool to define institutional responsibilities for different components of the system is issued.
    • Institutional capacity needed to execute the system is established.

    Outcome 3: Health protection measures for safe wastewater reuse are defined and implemented in designated pilot sites.

    • A manual and operating procedure on health protection measures for all vulnerable groups (farmers, nearby communities, and consumers) is developed.
    • Operational wastewater reuse safety plan, applying the provisions of the national guidelines on safe wastewater reuse, is developed and implemented at 10 selected sites.
    • The manual and lessons learnt from applying the safety plan at the site are disseminated.
    • A mechanism for implementation of the needed safety plan at all farms using treated wastewater is established and enforced.
    Contacts:

    Pradeep Kurukulasuriya
    (212) 906-6843
    pradeep.kurukulasuriya@undp.org

    WHO contact

    Basel Al Yousfi
    Director
    CEHA E-mail:Alyousfia@ceha.emro.who.int

    Mazen Malkawi
    Technical Officer
    CEHA
    E-mail: MalkawiM@ceha.emro.who.int

    Project Status:
    Under Implementation
    Primary Beneficiaries:
    The greatest national benefit envisaged in the implementation of this program will be the enhanced awareness and capacity of health workers and the community at large.
    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    GEF-SCCF
    Cofinancing Total:
    Not specified
    Total Amounts:
    550,000 USD

Piloting climate change adaptation to protect human health in Kenya

  • Project details

  • Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
    UNDP, World Health Organization, Ministry of Health
    Summary:

    Kenya Project Objective

    To strengthen national focus and adaptive capacity to prevent epidemic highland malaria in Kenya.

    Health Concerns and Vulnerability to Climate Change

    Malaria has always existed in Kenya, however in the past, the higher altitudes of the highlands region limited highland malaria transmission to seasonal outbreaks, with considerable year-to-year variation.

    Project Components:
    1. Climate change and health early warning and planning  systems
    2. Institutional and technical capacity to manage  climate change health risks
    3. Demonstration Measures to reduce vulnerability
    4. Regional Cooperation to address climate change health risks
    Expected Outputs:

    Outcome 1: Climate-sensitive health risks are identified with sufficient lead-time for effective response

    1. Climate-sensitive health risk data are reported in timely and reliable manner to disease control agencies.
    2. Climate data are reported in timely and reliable manner to disease control agencies.
    3. Climate change-induced changes and drivers of health-risks are determined.

    Outcome 2: Capacity of health sector institutions to respond to climate-sensitive health risks will be improved

    1. Clarified and harmonized institutional mandates and procedures to respond to climate risks to public health.
    2. Training syllabus and long-term support mechanisms for community and national level health  protection from climate change developed.

    Outcome 3: Disease prevention measures piloted in areas of heightened health risk due to climate change

    1. Advance planning of responses for pilot regions.
    2. Preventative interventions applied on the basis of plan, in response to warning system information.
    Contacts:

    Pradeep Kurukulasuriya
    (212) 906-6843
    pradeep.kurukulasuriya@undp.org

    WHO contact

    Solomon Nzioka
    E-mail: Nziokas@ke.afro.who.int

    Wilfred Ndegwa
    E-mail: ndegwaw@ke.afro.who.int

    Project Status:
    Under Implementation
    Primary Beneficiaries:
    Local communities
    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    GEF-SCCF
    Cofinancing Total:
    Not specified
    Total Amounts:
    550,000 USD

Piloting climate change adaptation to protect human health in Barbados

  • Project details

  • Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
    UNDP, World Health Organization, Ministry of Health
    Summary:

    Barbados Project Objective

    To strengthen national adaptive capacity to address health issues related to climate change attributable water scarcity.

    Key Health Concerns and Vulnerability to Climate Change

    Project Components:
    1. Climate change and health early warning and planning  systems
    2. Institutional and technical capacity to manage  climate change health risks
    3. Demonstration Measures to reduce vulnerability
    4. Regional Cooperation to address climate change health risks
    Expected Outputs:

    Outcome 1: Policies and Programs are implemented to ensure health risks do not increase as a result of using treated wastewater to recharge aquifers and for irrigation.

    1. Develop Procedures and guidelines for the effective recharge of aquifers using wastewater.
    2. Develop Strategies, policies and procedures for the use of wastewater for irrigation, ensuring that the quality and safety of agriculture crops is assured.
    3. Develop guidelines and standards for the safe use of wastewater.
    4. Develop monitoring systems for using wastewater in agriculture and aquifer recharge.

    Outcome 2: Public acceptance of the use of treated wastewater for non potable use.

    1. Social Acceptance of the use of treated wastewater.

    Outcome 3: Public safely stores water to prevent the breeding of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes.

    1. Enhance current rainwater storage facilities for the prevention of the breeding of Aedes aegypti mosquito.
    Contacts:

    Pradeep Kurukulasuriya
    (212) 906-6843
    pradeep.kurukulasuriya@undp.org

    Country contact

    Honourable Donville O. Inniss
    Minister of Health
    Ministry of Health, Jemmotts Lane, St.Michael

    Winfred Greaves
    Project Manager
    E-mail: wagreaves@qnetlinks.net

    WHO contact

    Dr Berzabe C. Butron Riveros
    PAHO WHO Representative a.i.
    E-mail: butronbe@ecc.paho.org

    Sally Edwards
    E-mail: edwardss@ecc.paho.org

    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    GEF-SCCF
    Cofinancing Total:
    Not specified
    Total Amounts:
    550,000 USD

ALM's Adaptation Knowledge Needs Survey: A Synthesis Report

Author(s):
UNDP-ALM
Year:
2010
Summary:

 The 2010 Adaptation Knowledge Needs Survey was conducted to assess the current state of knowledge needs for CCA in order to identify knowledge needs and gaps to further the understanding of climate change impacts, vulnerabilities, and innovative adaptation approaches; and to identify key services (e.g. training workshops, seminars, newsletters, etc.) to facilitate knowledge exchange on current adaptation practices and lessons learned. The survey was made available in English, French and Spanish.

Funding Source:
GEF-SPA

Piloting climate change adaptation to protect human health in China

  • Project details

  • Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
    UNDP, World Health Organization, and Ministry of Health
    Summary:

    Project Objective

    To strengthen the national capacity to respond to the increased health risks due to heat waves in China.

    Key Health Concerns and Vulnerability to Climate Change

    Project Components:
    1. Climate change and health early warning and planning  systems
    2. Institutional and technical capacity to manage  climate change health risks
    3. Demonstration Measures to reduce vulnerability
    4. Regional Cooperation to address climate change health risks
    Expected Outputs:

    Outcome 1: An early warning system is established for impending heat waves to protect people at risk of cerebro- and cardiovascular diseases.

    • Establishment of a multi-sectoral cooperation mechanism of health sector, meteorological bureau and environmental protection bureau.
    • Collection and analysis of information on the relationship between meteorological and health data to establish a model to forecast health risks for vulnerable groups.
    • Design of a system for “early forecast, early prevention and early treatment”, providing graded forecasts of the severity of health risks in the project community.

    Outcome 2: Systemic and institutional capacity of health sector will be improved to respond to climate-sensitive health risks.

    • Setting up a steering committee for actions during heat waves, and implementing resource sharing, information and skill exchange.
    • Community medical consulting personnel trained with respect to health risks during climate extremes, necessary health consultations and services, and self-protection measures.

    Outcome 3: Improve the adaptation capacities and emergency medical plans implemented for cases of cerebro- and cardiovascular diseases during heat waves.

    • Emergency plan and support system established for high risk people in the project sites.
    • Public awareness raised through a coordinated media campaign, including videocasts with health education lectures, and regular update of health education and consulting services in communities and schools.
    • Communication and education provided to Government and other decision makers on health risks associated with extreme heat, and effective behavioural responses.
    • Strengthened bilateral and multilateral cooperation through the participation and communication of decision-makers, government officers and researchers in international exchange.
    Contacts:

    Pradeep Kurukulasuriya
    (212) 906-6843
    pradeep.kurukulasuriya@undp.org

    Country contact

    Mr. Zhao Yuechao
    Deputy Director Division of Environmental Health
    Bureau of Health Inspection
    Ministry of Health P.R. China
    E-mail:yrichardz@hotmail.com Tiantian Li
    E-mail: tiantianli@gmail.com Dr Jin Yinlong
    E-mail: jinyinlong1951@yahoo.com.cn

    WHO contact

    Mr Mao Jixiang
    E-mail:maoj@wpro.who.int

    Project Status:
    Under Implementation
    Primary Beneficiaries:
    Local governments, including health, meteorological, education, transportation, finance departments and the individuals in the pilot communities (i.e. three large cities in China, each with a population over 6 million: Harbin, Nanjing, Guangzhou).
    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    GEF-SCCF
    Cofinancing Total:
    Not specified
    Total Amounts:
    550,000 USD