Brazil's Third National Communication

  • Project details

  • Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
    UNDP, Ministry of Science and Technology
    Summary:

    The project objective is to assist the Government of Brazil to perform the activities necessary to prepare the Third National Communication to the Conference of Parties in accordance with the UNFCCC.

    Project Components:
    • 1. National GHG inventory 2000-2010
    • 2. National circumstances assessment and steps taken or envisaged to implement the UNFCCC in Brazil
    • 3. Climate change and vulnerability assessment
    • 4. Publication and promotion of national communication
    Expected Outputs:

    1. National GHG inventory 2000-2010

    • 1.1 The national GHG inventory for the sectors: (i) energy; (ii) industry; (iii) agriculture; (iv) LULUCF; and (v) waste has been produced for the period 2000-2010; and time-series for the period 1990-2000 have been refined.
    • 1.2 An analysis of key GHG emission categories has been carried out, an uncertainty analysis has been carried out and a QA/QC plan and a database of emission factors have been established.

    2. National circumstances assessment and steps taken or envisaged to implement the UNFCCC in Brazil

    • 2.1 National circumstances in Brazil have been assessed, taking into account development priorities, institutional arrangements and concerns that derive from CC effects.
    • 2.2 Activities and CC measures to implement the UNFCCC in Brazil have been defined and described, including an assessment of needs and constraints.

    3. Climate change and vulnerability assessment

    • 3.1 The Brazilian global climate model “Global Model of the Climate System (MBSCG)” has been completed.
    • 3.2 The regional climate in Brazil has been modeled using the MBSCG in combination with global climate models from climate centers abroad, including simulation of relevant climate change scenarios.
    • 3.3 Studies at a regional level using different climate change scenarios and impact assessments for key sectors have been carried out.
    • 3.4 A mapping of regional and sector vulnerabilities to CC effects has been performed.

    4. Publication and promotion of national communication

    • 4.1 National GHG inventories, publications and documents from the NC have been disseminated to the IPCC, national stakeholders and the general public.
    • 4.2 The Third National Communication has been published and presented to the national Government.
    • 4.3 A monitoring and evaluation programme has been designed and implemented.
    Contacts:

    Project Contact Person

    Project Status:
    Under Implementation (as of February 2012)
    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    GEF-Trust Fund
    Financing Amount:
    GEF Project Grant 5,720,000
    Cofinancing Total:
    6,500,000 (as of February 08, 2012)
    Total Amounts:
    12,220,000 (as of February 08, 2012)

Strengthening the Resilience of Small Scale Rural Infrastructure

  • Project details

  • Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
    UNDP, Ministry of Economy and Development; Ministry of State Administration and Territorial Management; Ministry of Infrastructure
    Summary:

    Strengthening the Resilience of Small Scale Rural Infrastructure and Local Government Systems to Climatic Variability and Risk

    Critical small scale rural infrastructure is designed and implemented through participatory approaches and strengthened local governance systems, reflecting the needs of communities vulnerable to increasing climate risks.

    Project Components:
    1. Systematic management and use of climate risk information
    2. Inclusive planning and budgeting for reducing climate and natural disaster related risks
    3. Physical investment for reducing climate risks
    Expected Outputs:

    1. Systematic management and use of climate risk information

    • Existing climate hazard and vulnerability information compiled and integrated into a climate risk information system and database, coordinated by MED, contributing towards a comprehensive national climate change policy and long-term warning system.
    • Development and implementation of climate vulnerability assessments, guidelines and tools which can inform district and sub-district level planning, in at least 5 districts.
    • Platform for national dialogue and information sharing on climate risks established and coordinated by MED, based on the existing NAPA working group structure, delivering regular bulletins, information updates and policy briefs.
    • Tailored and function based training and support in climate risk management for at least 75 national and district level technical staff (agriculture, forests, rural development, water supply, disaster management, rural infrastructure)

    2. Inclusive planning and budgeting for reducing climate and natural disaster related risks

    • Technical capacity enhanced for district level local assemblies to understand and integrate climate risk information, including climate induced disasters, into local planning, budgeting and budget execution, in at least 5 districts.
    • Regular dialogues established between district officials, village representatives and local communities on the impacts of climate change and natural disasters on critical rural infrastructure, in at least 15 sub-districts across 5 districts.
    • District annual action plans which combine climate resilience for rural infrastructure with ecosystem based measures, are developed and under implementation, in at least 5 districts, including technical review support.
    • At least 100 district engineers and local contractors trained in climate risks to small scale rural infrastructure, as well as technical design elements of climate resilient structures.

    3. Physical investment for reducing climate risks

    • Small scale physical infrastructure (water storage and supply, roads, bridges, irrigation & drainage) designed, built and/or rehabilitated in at least 100 villages across 15 sub-districts and 5 districts (benefitting at least 100,000 people), to a specification that takes into account anticipated climate risks.
    • Complementary soil and land management measures to build resilience to climate induced risks (natural retention of surface water, slope stabilization, groundwater infiltration) implemented at sub-catchment level in at least 10 sub-districts across 5 districts, covering at least 50,000 hectares.
    • Codes and best practices for climate resilience measures for small scale rural infrastructure (including ecosystem based approaches and gender differentiated concerns) are developed, integrated into existing infrastructure guidelines and disseminated.
    Contacts:

    UNDP Regional Technical Advisor

    Project Status:
    SOF Pipeline Entry (as of February 2012)
    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    GEF-LDCF
    Financing Amount:
    GEF Project Grant 4,600,000
    Cofinancing Total:
    24,527,763 (as of Feb 2012)
    Total Amounts:
    29,247,763 (as of Feb 2012)

Promoting Climate Change Resilient Infrastructure Development in San Salvador Metropolitan Area

  • Project details

  • Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
    UNDP, Ministry of Public Works, Transport, Housing and Urban Development (MOP)
    Summary:

    El Salvador has been exposed to a growing number of hurricanes and tropical storms from the Pacific and the Caribbean/ Atlantic Ocean, with concomitant heavy rainfall events that have boosted annual  rainfall, especially in the last ten years.

    Project Components:

    The main objective of the project is to reduce the vulnerability of selected urban areas in the Metropolitan Area of San Salvador to flooding, erosion, and landslides created by extreme precipitation associated with current climate variability and expected climate change in the near future.. This will be achieved through three project components:

    1. The design and construction of resilient infrastructure (at two locations in the MASS) that can resist and mitigate the impacts of extreme events (improved stormwater management, capture, and aquifer recharge). Current interventions to address water flow are focused on downstream measures designed to prevent major erosion or flooding. As noted previously, such measures are becoming very expensive and mostly ineffective, as they can hardly cope with one or two major events. The project will therefore incorporate a broader approach to water management that also addresses upstream measures necessary to reduce peak flows and the stress on current drainage infrastructure. The proposed approach will also reduce the necessity to relocate large numbers of people. It is expected that the project will catalyze new paths of growth in the MASS and other urban communities in the country, reducing their vulnerability and enhancing their resilience to the negative impacts of climate change.
    2. Institutional strengthening, including improved policy guidelines, more appropriate building standards and codes, and more effective coordination of private and public stakeholders, to increase the climate resilience of vulnerable communities in El Salvador.
    3. Related knowledge management and dissemination, to increase the public awareness of climate resilient options for future public and private construction in urban areas.
    Expected Outputs:
    • 1.1 An integrated analysis of flooding and erosion vulnerability in the MASS area.
    • 1.2 Cost-benefit and technical feasibility study to define specific cost-effective upstream measures to reduce runoff in the selected neighborhoods (exact technical options and specific locations).
    • 1.3 An integrated database for flooding, including climate, hydraulic and economic variables.
    • 1.4 Development of a 5-year stormwater master plan for the MASS that accounts for the likely range of climate change risks.
    • 1.5 Resilient infrastructure measures implemented in the selected municipalities of the MASS (Apopa and Santa Tecla), to reduce flooding and water stress vulnerability.
    • 2.1 Development with the OPAMSS of policy guidelines to improve the planning for climate resilient human settlements in the MASS.
    • 2.2 Revised and improved building codes and planning standards for climate-resilient public infrastructure.
    • 2.3 Coordination mechanisms established between the MOP, the MARN, OPAMSS and other stakeholders to address climate change risks on infrastructure in the MASS
    • 3.1 Lesson learned from the successes, obstacles, and opportunities encountered through the implementation of the project, disseminated to local governments and stakeholders.
    • 3.2 Communication Campaign’ implemented, to increase the knowledge and ownership by the  communities of public climate resilient infrastructure.
    • 3.3 Dissemination of technical specifications, revised building codes, and relevant planning guidelines
    Contacts:

    Project Contact Person:

    Project Status:
    SOF Approval/Endorsement (as of 2 Feb 2012)
    Primary Beneficiaries:
    Salvador Metropolitan Area
    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    Adaptation Fund
    Cofinancing Total:
    n/a
    Total Amounts:
    US$ 5,425,000 (requested amount as of 2 Feb 2012)

Promoting Climate Resilient Infrastructure in Northern Mountain Provinces of Vietnam

  • Project details

  • Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
    ADB, with UNDP as joint implementing agency, in partnership with Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD); Provincial People’s Committees; Ministry of Construction (MOC)
    Summary:

    Project Objective: To increase the resilience and reduce vulnerability of local, critical economic infrastructure in the northern mountains areas of Vietnam to the adverse impacts of climate change and to support a policy framework conducive to promoting resilient northern mountains zone development.

    Description

    Project Components:

    1. Mainstream climate change adaptation into rural infrastructure policy and planning

    2. Enhance capacities for climate resilient infrastructure planning in northern mountain provinces

    3. Support adoption of low cost physical measures to climate proof rural infrastructure

    4. Disseminate best practices and lessons learned

    Expected Outputs:

    Outcome 1 – Climate change adaptation integrated into policy, strategy and planning that relate to rural infrastructure – specifically agriculture, rural water and rural roads (UNDP Administered).

    • 1.1 Documented review of institutions and existing policies, strategies and standards related to rural infrastructure.
    • 1.2 Technical paper providing guidance on mainstreaming climate change into sectoral planning related to rural infrastructure in northern areas.
    • 1.3 Manual on mainstreaming climate change into the design of rural infrastructure projects.
    • 1.4 A technical discussion paper on existing standards and codes and on the implications of climate change.

    Outcome 2 Enhanced capacity to adapt/climate-proof rural infrastructure investments and provincial area planning (UNDP Administered).

    • 2.1 Climate vulnerability assessment across all 15 SRIDP provinces.
    • 2.2 Raised awareness amongst decision-makers on impacts of climate change on poverty reduction (all 15 SRIDP provinces).
    • 2.3 Provincial strategies for climate proofing rural infrastructure to climate change (based on vulnerability impact assessments and maps) (Son La and Bac Kan provinces only).
    • 2.4 Climate change mainstreamed into rural infrastructure components of Provincial Development Plans (Son La and Bac Kan provinces only). This will be linked to preparation/ roll-out of Provincial Action Plans to Respond to Climate Change.
    • 2.5 A cadre of experts able (i) to prepare, interpret and utilize provincial level climate vulnerability maps and (ii) mainstream climate change into development plans (all 15 provinces).

    Outcome 3Effective climate-resilience measures for mainstreamed into rural infrastructure programs. (ADB administered).

    • 3.1 Identification and development of low cost climate proofing measures adapted to the rural areas of Vietnam.
    • 3.2 Demonstrations of appropriate climate resilience techniques
    • 3.3 Development of a trained cadre of technical personnel familiar with the use of low cost infrastructure protection measures.
    • 3.4 Integration of low cost local resource approaches into training curricula, standard design procedures and specifications.
    • 3.5 Identification of broader climate change risk and vulnerabilities along with potential measures for strengthening the resilience of communities within the influence areas of the demonstration projects.

    Outcome 4Lessons learnt and best practices from Outcomes 1, 2 and 3 are disseminated to stakeholders and development partners (UNDP Administered).

    • 4.1 Project lessons captured, classified and evaluated.
    • 4.2 Adaptation knowledge and experiences from the project documented and disseminated within Vietnam, in the Asian region and beyond.

     

    Contacts:

    UNDP Regional Technical Advisor

    Project Contact Person

    • Ahsan Tayyab
    • Senior Natural Resources Economist
    • Southeast Asia Department
    • Tel: (632) 632 5333
    • Email: atayyab@adb.org

     

    Project Status:
    SOF Approval/Endorsement (as of February 2012)
    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    GEF-SCCF
    Financing Amount:
    3,400,000
    Cofinancing Total:
    145,165,000

Caribbean Climate Online Risk and Adaptation TooL (CCORAL)

Summary:

The Caribbean Climate Online Risk and Adaptation TooL (CCORAL), a web-based tool designed to help decision makers in the Caribbean integrate climate  
resilience into their decision making and planning processes, has been 

Funding Source:
Department for International Development (DFID)

Les petits barrages de décrue en Mauritanie: Recommandations pour la conception et la construction

Summary:

n.a.

Adaptation Experience:

n.a.

Results and Learning:

n.a.

Sustainability:

n.a.

Replication:

n.a.

Image(s):
Funding Source:
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

Challenges and opportunities for agricultural water management in West and Central Africa: lessons from IFAD experience

Author(s):
Sara Delaney
Year:
2012
Publisher:
IFAD
Summary:

The West and Central Africa region has a wealth of renewable water resources, but relatively few are being used, with countries in the region only withdrawing between 1 and 14 per cent of available resources and only around 3.5 per cent of cultivated land under some form of water management. This paradox offers a great opportunity.

Funding Source:
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

Building Capacities for Using Advanced Tools for Improved Implementation of Rio Conventions

  • Project details

  • Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
    UNDP, Ministry for Sustainable Development and Tourism, Agency for Environmental Protection
    Summary:

    The immediate objective of this project is to analyze, identify, and pilot advanced tools and practices for environmental information management and compliance monitoring of the national implementation of the Rio Conventions. Specifically, the project would develop national capacities collect and analyze data and information against the metrics of global environmental indicators, and integrate these within national sustainable development and environmental decision-making processes.

    Project Status:
    UNDP Pipeline (as of January 2012)
    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    GEF-Trust Fund
    Cofinancing Total:
    Information not available
    Total Amounts:
    USD $500,000 (as of January 2012)

Second National Communication of Brazil to the UNFCCC

Summary:

The immediate objective of the project is to prepare the Second National Communication of Brazil to the UNFCCC and carry out studies on vulnerability and adaptation measures, develop regional modeling of climate and climate change scenarios, and build institutional capacity for implementing the Convention in Brazil.

Project Completed. Completion date: 31 December 2010

Funding Source:
GEF-Trust Fund

TACC Peru: Toward low carbon development and climate change resilience in the Piura and Tumbes Regions

  • Project details

  • Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
    UNOPS, UNEP and UNDP and eight networks of regions (Global Forum for Associations of Regions (FOGAR), International Association of Francophone Regions (AIRF), Assembly of European Regions (AER), The Climate Group, Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions (CPRM), The Northern Forum, Network of Regions for Sustainable Development (NRG4SD), Latin American Organization of Intermediary Governments (OLAGI))
    Summary:

    The Down to Earth: Territorial Approach to Climate Change (TACC) is part of a partnership between the United Nations and sub-national governments for fostering climate friendly development at the sub-national level. This partnership is a collaborative effort involving UNDP, UNEP and eight associations of regions.

    The TACC project will support the integration of climate change adaptation and mitigation measures into sustainable development planning and programming in developing countries by:

    Project Components:

    The Down to Earth: Territorial Approach to Climate Change (TACC) project aims to assist regional and local governments in developing countries in:

    • Developing integrated climate change strategies and action plans to assess development options that are robust enough to withstand different future climatic conditions.
    • Strengthening capacity of sub‐national authorities to integrate climate change into sustainable development planning and programming.
    • Identifying no regrets/negative costs/low‐cost adaptation and mitigation measures that promote long‐ term sustainability and poverty reduction.
    • Enhancing the capacity of regional and local government to enact regulatory measures, as well as to take advantage of new sources of environmental finance, to implement these no regrets/negative cost/low‐cost options.

     

    Expected Outputs:

    Sub-national authorities to have identified risks and opportunities related to climate change at the territorial level and integrated priority mitigation and adaptation measures into sustainable development planning and programming, taking into consideration gender aspects and aligned and coordinated with existing climate change projects in the region.

    • Outcome 1: Partnerships established and operational with UN and specialised agencies, national and sub‐national governments, centres of excellence and regional technical institutions, and/or the private
    • sector.
    • Outcome 2: Methodologies and tools for long‐term climate change participatory planning are developed and made available, and best practices shared with regions and cities.
    • Outcome 3: Regions are aware of climate change challenges and opportunities and of available technical and financial solutions.
    • Outcome 4: Technical support is provided to 20 regions in developing countries for the preparation of their regional climate change plans, including identification of priority mitigation and adaptation
    • measures.
    • Outcome 5: Technical support is provided to 20 regions to identify possible policy and financing instruments to implement priority climate change measures.

     

    Contacts:

    UNDP Regional Technical Advisor

     

    Project Status:
    Under Implementation as of February 2012 (Status as of June 2011: Project document finalized)
    Primary Beneficiaries:
    The beneficiaries of the Down to Earth TACC project are sub‐national authorities who seek technical assistance in understanding and responding to climate change
    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    Decentralized Cooperation
    Cofinancing Total:
    n/a