The report highlights the experiences of Africare, Oxfam America and the Worldwide Fund for Nature working with the System of Rice Intensification in the African Sahel, Southeast Asia, and India. Although implemented in very different cultures and climates, the pattern is the same: farmers are able to produce more rice using less water, agrochemical inputs, and seeds, and often with less labor.
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:Asian Development Bank
With the exception of the water supply servicing Koror and Airai States, water supply systems in Palau are operated and maintained by the state government. The water supply to Airai and Koror is operated and maintained by the Public Works Department (PWD) and supplies water to approximately 64% of Palau's population. Based on 2005 census data, the population of Palau is growing annually at about 1.4%. However, the proportion of the population living in the Koror-Airai urban area has declined from 71% in 1995 to 64% in 2005.
1. Development of a secure water source,
2. Bulk transport of water from source to existing water supply network
Project Status:Under Implementation (as of March 2011)
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
Focus of current biennium is on integrated watershed management through the "HELP" program, community-driven planning, ground water monitoring and management, and especially using Bioshpere Reserves (MAB Program) as learning laboratories.
HELP is a cross cutting and trans-disciplinary initiative of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) led by the International Hydrological Programme (IHP).
HELP is creating a new approach to integrated catchment management through the creation of a framework for water law and policy experts, water resource managers a
The Water Resources Commission (WRC) officially launched the Climate Change Adaptation Programme through Integrated Water Resources Management Project on July 29, 2009.
The community entry strategy adopted by Water Resources Commission (WRC) for the implementation of integrated water resource management continues to prove effective as a platform for demand driven interventions based on prior awareness activities in the communities. The approach has a flow system that recognises and mainstream emerging issues from other sectors, bearing in mind that local people have knowledge, resources and skills that can be mobilised for better responses to the effects and impacts of climate change and variability. Examples are in the villages of Apatanga and Balungu.
Results and Learning:
There is plenty of water in a short period of time, and at times coming with destruction and a few weeks later, they are all gone and nothing left for the livestock and crops.
The bottom down approach has ensured that all the adaptation approaches are being maximised. It prevents the one size fits all approach to community based adaptation. It also helps to prevent residual adaptation.
This project can be replicated in other climate sensitive areas, keeping in mind their own community needs.
UNDP India has released a publication entitled “Climate Change: Perspectives from India”. The publication is comprised of five chapters - climate change opinion papers contributed by five different authors (environmentalists, economists and policy makers).
In the first chapter, Sunita Narain argues: “There is not much difference between managing a local forest and the global climate. Both are common property resources.
Czech Republic - Fourth National Communication - 3 February 2006
- Agriculture and Food Security
- Water Resources
- Forest Ecosystems
Potential Adaptation Measures
Agriculture and Food Security
- Prepare a new land assessment for ecological land units for an alternative that takes into account a change in the climate and evaluate the production potential of the units.
- Provide for protection of the soil against erosion and other negative effects caused by cultivation, e.g.
Implementing Agency:United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:Water User Initiative Group (heads of farms, LLP Managers); Naurzum BioNet NGO
###### Background The project will focus on the Burevestnik village, a rural community in Naurzum District, Kostani Oblast, in the northern part of Kazakhastan. The Burevestnik village, in earlier times, encompassed the largest wheat production collective in the Soviet Union, and vast expanses of virgin land were developed for agriculture, including a system of man-made damps (oases). Presently, the livelihoods consist of subsistence grain production. The oases, which were formerly managed by communal farm, have fallen into despair.
The UNDP CBA project will seek to reduce the community’s vulnerability to declining water availability by integrating climate change risk management into sustainable agriculture and oasis management. The project will build on activities to reduce land degradation, and to revitalize the oases through infrastructure repair and developing new community-based institutional structures for their management.
The outputs include: 1.) Restoring degraded land through the elimination of erosion-causing ravines; 2.) Establishment of herbs and bushes to reduce land degradation; and 3.) Raising the community-capacity in land degradation reduction through training workshops for degradation-control practices/technologies to the community; 4.) Reconstruction and sustainable function of the damps (oases); 5.) Piloting of alternative livelihood practices.
Project Status:Implementation Phase
Primary Beneficiaries:Local communities of the Burevestnik Village
PAS Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific - under the Pacific Alliance for Sustainability Program
Implementing Agency:Asian Development Bank
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:n/a
The Coral Triangle (CT) is the center of the world's coral reef diversity, holding more than 75% of the known coral species and about 3000 species of reef fish among other reef flora and fauna. These resources directly provide livelihoods for more than 20 million people and are the spawning grounds for the world's most valuable tuna fishery while supporting a robust and growing marine tourism industry.
* Marine Conservation * Enabling Environment * Building marine resource and community resilience * Management for resilience * Improved MMAs network planning and effectiveness * Sustainable financing * Coordination and Harmonization * Watershed and Coastal resources (Ridge to Reef) Management * Legal and policy framework
In targeting the development of broad-scale resilience strategies (social, economic and biological), this project is innately designed to reduce vulnerability to various forms of risk including the impacts of climate change.
GEF Agency Coordinator
Implementing Agency:COMUNIDAD ANDINA DE NACIONES
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:COMUNIDAD ANDINA DE NACIONES
The development objective Adaptation to the Impact of Rapid Glacier Retreat in the Tropical Andes Project for Andean Countries is to contribute to strengthening the resilience of local ecosystems and economies to the impacts of glacier retreat in the Tropical Andes, through the implementation of specific pilot adaptation activities that illustrate the costs and benefits of adaptation.
The specific objectives of the project, in support of this broad objective, are:
There are four components to the project. The first component of the project detailed design of key selected adaptation measures. This component is to complete the design of at least six strategic adaptation measures to be implemented under component second. The second component of the project implementation of pilot adaptation measures. This component will support investments in specific adaptation measures addressing the most pressing priorities in each country, on a pilot basis. The third component of the project monitoring of glacier retreat in the region. This component will support the installation and operation of a monitoring network to measure the gradual process of glacier retreat in the region in order to enable better long-term planning for further adaptation of policy and interventions. The fourth and the final component of the project management. This component will support the overall technical coordination of project activities (including the implementation of a technical monitoring system) as well as the project's administrative and financial management.
Supporting the broader development goals.
Walter Vegara at the World Bank
Project Status:Project is active
Primary Beneficiaries:COMUNIDAD ANDINA DE NACIONES
Withdrawals of water, the construction of dams and other hard infrastructure, pollution, land-use shifts, invasive species, and habitat modification and destruction have degraded many rivers, lakes and wetlands. In recent decades anthropogenic climate change has also begun to alter freshwater ecosystems, and this force will continue to strengthen for the foreseeable future. For freshwater ecosystems, shifts in precipitation and evaporation patterns will be a far more important aspect of climate change than air temperature alone.