This publication—firmly grounded in the research and practices of its contributors—is a practical source document of ideas for readers studying and working on resilience issues. In presenting a set of grassroots women’s development innovations that build community resilience (and a framework in which to view these innovations), it celebrates women’s inventiveness as they struggle to support and feed their families, find and maintain livelihoods, and make their voices heard as they survive and cope with disasters.
Sustainable Land, Water and Biodiversity Conservation and Management for Improved Livelihoods in Uttarakhand Watershed Sector
Implementing Agency:World Bank
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:World Bank, Watershed Development Department, Uttarakhand
The project objective is to restore and sustain ecosystem functions and biodiversity while simultaneously enhancing income and livelihood functions, and generating lessons learned in these respects that can be up-scaled and mainstreamed at state and national levels.
1. Watershed planning through community participation
2. Controlling land degradation through the SLM approach at watershed level
3. Fostering markets for NTFPs
4. Biodiversity conservation and management through watershed planning and community participation
5. Adaptation to Climate Change
6. Documentation of Best (Worst) practices to share within the state as well as nation-wide through the SLEM program
7. Project management
20 Participatory Micro Watershed Management (MWS) plans completed for implementation
* 40-50% increase in number of farmers practicing improved SLM techniques in targeted MWS
* 20-30% of the area in selected MWS under improved SLM techniques.
* Increase in availability of water in the dry season by 5% in the treated MWS.
* Increase in vegetative cover by 10% in the treated 20 MWS.
* Implementation of 5 to 10 alternative technologies and approaches for enhancing water availability for agriculture and other domestic use.
* Reduction in dependency of 2000 households on forest for fuel wood.
* At least 50% of targeted households enter market with pine briquettes (produced from pine needles).
* Domestication and cultivation of at least 5 local medicinal and aromatic plants by communities in 20 micro watersheds.
* 10% increase in opportunities for sustainable alternative livelihoods (Non farm based livelihood options)
Increase in direct and indirect evidence of presence of key species of flora and fauna in 20 MWS.
* 10% increase in tree and other vegetative cover in the 20 MWS.
* 50% reduction in incidence of fire in treated MWS.
Study on impact of climate change on mountain ecosystems completed.
* Implementation of strategy for managing impact of climate change in mountain ecosystems at the end of the project.
At least 5 to 10 new and innovative techniques and approaches documented, disseminated and up-scaled within the Uttaranchal state.
Mr. SUDHIR MITAL
Joint Secretary and GEF Operational Focal Point India
Ministry of Environment and Forests
CGO Complex, Lodhi Road,
Chief Project Director & Secretary
Watershed, Watershed Management Directorat, Indira Nagar Forest Colony, Dehradun (Uttarakhand)
Tele 0135-2768712, 2712802
Fax 0135-2762839, 2760170
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Malcolm Jansen, Regional GEF Coordinator (South Asia Region)
GEF Agency Contact Person
Tel. and Email:1 202 458-2748
Project Status:CEO Endorsed
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:Ministry of Environment and Forests, State Government of Madhya Pradesh
Integrated Land Use Management to Combat Land Degradation and Deforestation in Madhya Pradesh
The project objective is to promote community-driven sustainable land and ecosystem management at the landscape level through integration of watershed management, joint forest management, and sustainable livelihoods development so as to balance ecological and livelihood needs.
- 1. Creation of an enabling environment for SLEM in Madhya Pradesh
- 2. Demonstration and up-scaling of innovative approaches for sustainable land and ecosystem management
- 3. Developing adaptive capacity
- 4. Project management
1.1 Review of legislative and regulatory framework for SLEM in Madhya Pradesh and addressing of policy gaps related to land, forest and ecosystem management in the face of climate change
1.2. Training on forest governance, natural resource management and good practices in win-win options for livelihood generation and biodiversity conservation (target: 2000 Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMC) and 100 members trained as trainers in the four project sites)
2.1 Sustainable watershed management in 3,000 ha of forest with high conservation values and non-forest land (in roughly 1:2 ratio) in the four project districts
2.2 Approximately 14,500 ha of degraded bamboo forests rehabilitated in the four project districts
2.3 Incentives for forest fringe villages in the four project districts to conserve bamboo forest identified
2.4 Development of small and medium sized enterprise in 100 forest village communities (e.g. on Non-Timber Forest Products)
2.5 Increased production from rain fed agriculture and improved livestock management practices in 30 villages
2.6 Good SLEM practices documented and fed into SLEM Coordination and Management Mechanism established at national level
3.1 SLEM approaches promoted by the project integrate additional measures to ensure that practices are resilient to extreme weather events and climate change, such as adjustment and timing of farming operations, integration of water harvesting practices into SLEM packages, and promotion of more drought tolerant crop and livestock breeds
3.2 Capacity building of local communities in adaptive management in the face of climate variability and change
Project Status:Under Implementation (as of 6 February 2012)
Integrating approaches: Sustainable livelihoods, disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptationSubmitted by andrea on Thu, 2010-05-20 17:36
Disasters and climate change are increasingly influencing the attainment of development objectives. This briefing paper provides an overview and key recommendations regarding sustainable livelihoods, disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation emissions
Lars Otto Naess,
Institute of Development Studies
University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.
Action Against Hunger
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:Asian Development Bank, Samoa Electric Power Corporation (EPC)
The Afulilo Hydropower Project was first initiated in the early 1980's when consultations were undertaken with affected people. Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved a $5.3 million loan to the Government of Samoa in December 1986 as co-financing for the project. Other cofinanciers were the World Bank, the European Investment Bank, the European Union and Australian Agency for International Development. Construction of the project commenced in 1990. Continuous production of electricity commenced in August 1993.
Project Status:Under Implementation
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
The Food Security and Sustainable Livelihoods Programme (FSSLP) supports improved food security, import substitution, development of market opportunities and income generation, as well as institutional strengthening and programme development support processes. It will address agricultural productive supply constraints such as access to inputs, extension services, improved agricultural information availability and dissemination and improved market infrastructure.
The project will be implemented through three components:
Component 1: Small Scale Irrigation and Watershed Development. Two outputs are associated with this component: a) Development of water control and watershed management activities to expand small scale irrigation and water harvesting; b) design and implement appropriate measures to protect and restore the watershed.
Component 2: Intensification and Diversification of Farm Production: It is envisaged that component 2 will achieve the following outputs: a) increased food crop productivity and production, b) Increased access to food through diversified income opportunities.
Component 3: Capacity Building, Institutional Strengthening and Sustainability. The following outputs are associated with this components: a) Capacity of community based organisations (CBOs) and households strengthened with technical and management skills and competencies; b) effective partnerships between CBOs and stakeholder organisations developed and strengthen, .c) information and lessons based on project experiences used to reinforce planning and management capacity in other districts
Expected outputs from the programme are:
* Improved on-farm productivity through rehabilitation and development of small scale irrigation and the design of improved agricultural practices
* Improved food security in terms of availability of food crops and access to food.
* A broadened the range of income generating options particularly for vulnerable households.
* Reduced rate of land degradation, soil erosion and deforestation through sustainable use of the natural resource base.
* Emergence of self-sustaining communities and self help groups including women, and marginal farmers contributing to resource mobilisation and capital formation.
* Improved well being of women through provision of income generating activities, employment and reduced labour demands.
* Strengthened capacities of rural community members and village extension workers.
Samoa National Human Development Report: Sustainable Livelihoods in a Changing Samoa
The phrase in the theme "A changing Sãmoa" directs attention to a society that is in a constant state of flux as a result of both internal and external factors. The latter include the influence of migration, education, trade, religion and, more recently, accelerated globalization brought about by advanced information technology.
The project promotes climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction processes and capacities for sustainable livelihoods and food security in the rural sectors including crops, livestock, fisheries and forestry and other key factors of rural livelihoods in the drought prone and coastal regions of Bangladesh.