UNDP-ALM Case Study 2011 - Kenya - Adaptation to Climate Change in Arid Lands (KACCAL)

Summary:

Kenya’s geographic location makes it inherently prone to cyclical droughts and floods. Moreover, according to the Initial National Communication (INC), such types of cyclical climate-driven events will increase in intensity and frequency due to global climate change. Livelihoods and economic activities in Kenya’s are highly vulnerable to climatic fluctuations, with the districts of the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) being among the most vulnerable to recurrent droughts, and to long-term climate change. The rural poor are the most vulnerable to the impacts of Kenya’s current climate variability. In response this project is supporting poor and vulnerable communities in the Mwingi District of the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) to enhance their adaptive capacity to drought (and flood). Working in the pilot areas, this is being achieved through enhanced access to and management of water for irrigation, promotion of indigenous crops that more resilient to anticipated climate (and improved access to markets for these crops), and promoting livestock varieties that are more suited to the climate, development and promotion of alternative livelihood opportunities (such as beekeeping activities). The project is also strengthening climate risk management planning and capacity of District level planners to mainstream climate change into District-level sectoral development plans. Extension workers will be supported to improve their adaptation extension advice to farmers based on best available climate forecast information.

Adaptation Experience:

The project, “Kenya-Adaptation to Climate Change in Arid Lands” (KACCAL) project is focused on strengthening Mwingi District’s capacity to reduce the vulnerability of rural livelihoods in arid areas to climate variability and change. The project will focus on i) improving the ability of farmers to reduce the near-term vulnerability to current climate variability and trends and on ii) strengthening the capacity of District-level planners to address climate change.
 

Results and Learning:

Refer to the attached UNDP-ALM Case Study for detailed information.

Sustainability:

The project has a ‘mainstreaming’ component to it as well as a practical implementation/ testing component to it. The mainstreaming component is centres mainly around the capacity development of District level planners to be able assess and plan for climate risks. The project will demonstrate an approach that can be continued beyond the project grant. Secondly, the project will develop a workplan for capacity and institutional development that goes beyond the project resources, to facilitate fund-raising for continued capacity development support. Thirdly, the mainstreaming analysis will focus on how the national regulatory and fiscal frameworks and instruments inhibit or could be adjusted to promote adaptation among the private sector: mainly small and medium enterprises, thereby promoting scale-up of successful adaptation measures.

Refer to the attached UNDP-ALM Case Study for detailed information.

Replication:

180 households will benefit directly from the pilot projects (6 community groups); an additional 360 households (12 community groups) to benefit from exchange visits to pilot sites; c. 10,000 households in the pilot areas (75% of households) will benefit from dissemination of adaptation advice.The project will disseminate the lessons and methodology of the project to national policy-makers to raise awareness and understanding of the need for adaptation action, both in terms of the role of government in incentivising the private sector to allocate resources in a climate-resilient way aswell as the allocation of public financing to testing new ways of doing business.

Image(s):
Funding Source:
GEF-SCCF

Integrated Adaptation Programme to Combat the Effects of Climate Change on Agricultural Production and Food Security in Central African Republic

  • Project details

  • Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
    UNDP, Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Environment
    Summary:

    In order to respond to the greatest and most immediate threats of climate change, the government of CAR prepared a National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), which prioritized a number of interventions that should enhance the adaptive capacity of the agriculture sector. These include: promoting drought-adapted seeds, rehabilitation of degraded land, establishment of an early warning system.

    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    GEF-LDCF
    Financing Amount:
    2,850,000
    Cofinancing Total:
    5,560,000
    Total Amounts:
    8,410,000

Adaptation to Coastal Erosion in Vulnerable Areas

  • Project details

  • Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
    Centre De Suivi Ecologique (Directorate of Environment of Senegal), NGO and community associations
    Summary:

    The Overall Objective of the Programme:
    The programme’s overall objective is to contribute to the implementation of Senegal’s National Adaptation Plan of Action on Climate Change (NAPA).

    Project Components:
    1. a. Validation of the feasibility studies of Thiawlene and Diokoul, b. Achievement of the infrastructure of protection, c. Cleaning up of the canals and connection with the sea (with a strong involvement of
      local populations)
    2. a. Achievement of the infrastructure of protection in Saly, b. Support for the fitting-out of the fishing dock and the fish processing area
    3. a. Validation of the feasibility studies and achievement of the anti-salt barrier, b. Strengthening of the protection and development of the littoral: beach, fish smoke kilns, c. Strengthening environmental assessment awarness and training (Information, Education and communication).
    4. a. Development, strengthening, and implementation of the regulation on coastal protection and the adaptation to climate change: Environmental Code, law on the littoral and other regulations, b. Communication on those regulations
    5. a. Information and sensitization on the programme, b. Training of the various target groups on the new regulations and adaptation, c. Development of communication tools, distributions and exchanges
    6. a. Followup/Evaluation/Monitoring

    Source: Project Proposal Document, 2011

     

     

    Expected Outputs:

    Output 1

    • Action 1.1: Update the detailed technical feasibility studies for the design of coastal protection facilities in the areas of Rufisque
    • Action 1.2: Achievement of the infrastructure of protection
    • Action 1.3: Cleaning up of the canals and connection with the sea
    • Action 1.2: Update the detailed technical feasibility studies for the design of coastal protection facilities in the areas of Saly

    Output 2

    • Action 2.2: Setting up of the protection facilities in the vulnerable areas covering the hotels, people, and poor villages, as well as the fishing docks
    • Action 2.3: Support for the fitting-out of the fishing dock and the fish processing area

    Output 3

    • Action 3.1: Update and validation of the detailed technical feasibility studies for the design of the anti-salt dikes in the rice-growing areas
    • Action 3.2: Build anti-salt dikes in the rice-growing areas
    • Action 3.3: Protect and layout beaches and fish processing areas.
    • Action 3.4: Women awareness and training in environmental management

    Output 4

    • Action 4.1: Design, fine tune, and strengthen the regulations on the management of the littoral: Environmental Code, the law on the littoral, and other codes
    • Action 4.2: Regulations, with a strong communication component

    Output 5

    • Action 5.1: Design and implement a sensitization programme for local people on new adaptation to climate change in
    • coastal areas
    • Action 5.2: Design and implement a training programme for local people on new adaptation to climate change in coastal areas
    • Action 5.3: Design develop and distributions the adequate communication tools

    Output 6

    • Action 6.1: ensure the follow-up and supervision of the activities of the programme.
    • Action 6.2: ensure the evaluation des performances of the programme.
    • Action 6.3: ensure control and audit of the activities of the programme.

    Source: Project Proposal Document, 2011

    Project Status:
    Project Funded (Approval date: 2010-09-17)
    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    Adaptation Fund
    Cofinancing Total:
    US$ 8,619,000

Reducing Risks and Vulnerabilities from Glacier Lake Outburst Floods in Northern Pakistan

  • Project details

  • Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
    United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan
    Summary:

    The Himalayan Karakorum Hindukush (HKH) Mountain region contains the second largest glacier in the world and acts as the main source for river systems in the area. Although this region provides a lot for the atmosphere and rural livelihoods there are climate-related hazards such as; floods, avalanches and landslides, which occur every year which can cause many human and material losses. Due to the change in climate the glaciers are rapidly melting and there is an increase in the volume of water which flows into the glacier lakes, this is known as Glacier Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs).

    Project Components:
    1. Policy recommendations & institutional strengthening to prevent climate change induced GLOF events in northern Pakistan
    2. Strengthening Knowledge and Information about GLOF risks in northern Pakistan
    3. Demonstration of community-based GLOF risk management in vulnerable mountain valleys of northern Pakistan
    4. Documentation, analysis and continued application of lessons learnt

     Source: Project Proposal Document, 2011

    Expected Outputs:
    1. Strengthened Institutional capacities to implement policies, plans and investments that prevent human and material losses from GLOF events in vulnerable areas of Northern Pakistan
    2. Improved access of disaster management planners and policy makers to knowledge, information and research on GLOF risks
    3. Reduced human and material losses in vulnerable communities in the Northern areas of Pakistan through GLOF early warnings and other adaptation measures
    4. Project experiences documented and replicated

    Source: Project Proposal Document, 2011

    Project Status:
    Under Implementation
    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    Adaptation Fund
    Cofinancing Total:
    US$ 3,500,000 (Government of Pakistan, in kind) US$ 500,000 (UNDP

Climate Change Adaptation Programme In Water and Agriculture In Anseba Region, Eritrea

  • Project details

  • Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
    United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Ministry of Agriculture (Anseba Region, Eritrea)
    Summary:

    Brief description of the problem:

    Eritrea is particularly vulnerable to climate change. Current adaptive capacity is low and the
    country has Africa‘s highest level of food insecurity, accompanied by high levels of malnutrition. Projected climate change impacts are significant and include a temperature increase above themean global value, increasing variability in rainfall, more frequent dry spells and more severe droughts. The effects of these impacts on water resources and agriculture will exacerbate food insecurity.

    Project Components:
    1. Increased water availability for farmers This outcome will address the key limitation to enhanced land and agricultural productivity in the programme area by increasing the availability of water, through floodwater harvesting and groundwater recharge
    2. Climate-resilient production This component will promote a range of climate-resilient technologies for enhanced agricultural and livestock production to climate-proof the livelihoods of the target population.
    3. Improved climate risk information and community preparedness This component will address the identified barrier of lack of specific information on climate change risks. Improved climate risk information will be generated and disseminated amongst community, civil society and government stakeholders through a community-based early warning system. 
    4. Knowledge management and policy advocacy This component will implement a knowledge management system, to be institutionalised within the Zoba Anseba administration, to capture and disseminate lessons learned through programme activities, and to influence policy through

    Source: Project Proposal Document , 2011

    Expected Outputs:

    Output 1.1: Groundwater recharged and irrigation technology improved for crop and forage production by developing a sub-surface dam within the Anseba River

    Output 1.2: Supplementary irrigation promoted by introducing flood water harvesting to improve rain-fed cereal production and rangeland development

    Output 1.3: Two micro dams constructed to strengthen adaptive capacity of agropastoralists to deal with high rainfall variability and frequent occurrence of drought

    Output 1.4: Soil and water conservation infrastructure developed to improve runoff management and infiltration

     

    Output 2.1: A range of climate-resilient agricultural technologies and methods developed and transferred to farmers e.g. drought- and disease-resistant varieties, integrated crop-livestock production systems, conservation agriculture, agroforestry, rangeland management; and traditional improved fuel-efficient stoves

    Output 2.2: Seasonal forecasts used in a farmer-led collaborative action learning process to enhance adaptive capacity and climate-proof 

     

    Output 3.1: Improved climate risk information generated and capacity developed for climate monitoring and analysis

    Output 3.2: Awareness raised at different levels on climate change risks facing Zoba Anseba

    Output 3.3: Community preparedness enhanced through development of a community-based early warning system in sub-zobas Hamelmalo and Habero 

     

    Output 4.1: Knowledge management system established and knowledge management activities implemented

    Output 4.2: Policy advocacy activities implemented

    Source: Project Proposal Document , 2011

    Project Status:
    Project Funded (Approval date: 2011-03-18)
    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    Adaptation Fund
    Cofinancing Total:
    US$ 6,520,850

SWoCK: Enhancing resilience of communities in Solomon Islands to the adverse effects of climate change

  • Project details

  • Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
    United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Ministry of Environment, Climate Change, Meteorology and Disaster Management (MECMD) through its Climate Change Division, and the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAL)
    Summary:

    The SWoCK project will strengthen ability of communities in Solomon Islands to make informed decisions and manage likely climate change driven pressures on food production and management systems. In particular, the project will lead to the following key results (outcomes)

    Project Components:

    1. Community Based Adaptation initiatives implemented in at least 18 Communities across at least 3 regions in the Solomon Islands

    2. Institutional strengthening to support climate resilient policy frameworks for the agriculture sector

    3. Climate Change Adaptation specific knowledge production, sharing and dissemination

     

    Source: Project Document, 2011

    Expected Outputs:
    1. Promote and pilot community-adaptation activities enhancing food security and livelihood resilience in pilot communities in at least 3 selected regions
    2. Adjusted national and sub-national policies related to governing agriculture in the context of a range of climate change futures
    3. Fostered the generation and diffusion of knowledge on adapting to climate change in a systemic manner at the community and regional level.

    Source: Project Document, 2011

    Contacts:

    UNDP Regional Technical Advisor

    UNDP Project Manager

     Solomon Islands Government: Ministry of Environment, Climate Change, Disaster Management and Meteorology

    • P.O. Box 21
    • Honiara
    • Solomon Islands.
    • Phone: +677 23031
    • Fax: +677 28054
    Project Status:
    Under implementation
    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    Adaptation Fund
    Cofinancing Total:
    n/a

State of Knowledge Report — Market Development for Weather Index Insurance Key Considerations for Sustainability and Scale Up

Author(s):
Anne Murphy, Barry Barnett, Nadezda Nikolova, Jason Hartell, Jerry Skees, and Richard Carpenter
Year:
June 2010
Editor:
The authors gratefully acknowledge assistance and comments from Grant Cavanaugh and Benjamin Collier of GlobalAgRisk. Editorial assistance was provided by Celeste Sullivan.
City:
Lexington
Publisher:
GlobalAgRisk, Inc.
Pages:
99
Summary:

Executive Summary

Funding Source:
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

ALM Case Study 2010 - Promoting Climate-Resilient Water Management and Agricultural Practices

Summary:

The impacts of climate change on Cambodian agriculture are predicted to adversely affect food production and security in rural areas. Effective adaptation to climate change is especially critical in the water resources and agriculture sector, where the majority of donor-supported projects focus on the rehabilitation of reservoirs and irrigation channels and on the extension of irrigation to larger areas. This project is working to increase the adaptive capacity of key stakeholders, with a particular focus on the water resource needs of the agriculture sector. The project will identify, prioritize and drive needed policy reforms necessary to overcome constraints to the design, planning and implementation of technically and economically feasible measures on adaptation to climate change in the agricultural sector. Key lessons learned from the project indicate the need to bolster local institutional capacity, identify the risks specific to project implementation, develop incentives for adaptation, coordinate efforts and cooperate with similar initiatives to ensure success and cost effectiveness, and collaborate with other Ministries at the national level.

Adaptation Experience:

In response to concerns raised above, the project Promoting Climate-resilient Water Resources Management and Agricultural Practices in Rural Cambodia is being implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) and the Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology (MOWRAM) to increase the adaptive capacity of key stakeholders in water resource management and agriculture sectors to appropriately and effectively address the impacts of climate change.

Results and Learning:

Cambodia is currently undergoing a process of decentralization, resulting in greater responsibility falling on provincial, district and community agencies. The project is aligned with this development by focusing on local capacity development and integrating project interventions with broader social and economic development programmes. After completion of the project, commune councils and provincial and district departments will be able to plan and implement measures to adapt to climate change, and will have enhanced capacities to plan locally appropriate economic development that is resilient to the impacts of climate change. However, this task has proven to be a major challenge to the project for two main reasons. First, MAFF is not the focal institution for sub-national planning processes or decentralisation and de-concentration; this is a new territory for the institution. Second, the project is only focused on climate change in the agriculture and water sectors. In order to mainstream climate change into sub-national planning process with a holistic approach, the project would have to widen its scope to other sectors, such as health, gender and children and natural resource management. Neither the project nor MAFF have a mandate or the expertise in these disciplines. MAFF, UNDP, IFAD and UNCDF are discussing modalities of how climate change mainstreaming can be implemented in alignment with the on-going sub-national planning procedures being developed by the Ministry of Interiors and Ministry of Planning in a holistic manner. 

Sustainability:

The project has strong government support at both central and local levels. The current Strategy for Agriculture and Water (2010-2013) has identified six priority programs to implement. The SAW has six pillars: (i) policy and regulation; (ii) institutional capacity building and human resource development, (iii) food security, (iv) research and education; (v) agri-business and marketing, and (vi) water resource management and agricultural land management. The project will contribute to pillars 1, 4 and 6 of the Strategy for Agriculture and Water through contributions of climate change policy recommendations based on project lessons; provision of funding to research institution in developing climate resilient agricultural technologies designed to address the impacts of climate change; and demonstrating climate resilient water resources management and agricultural practices. This will effectively mainstream climate change adaptation into national policies/programmes for agriculture and water resources, ensuring sustainability.  

Replication:

The project will establish conditions to facilitate learning of climate change adaptation measures, for example, by developing learning networks in association with several national NGOs, developing and delivering training modules for the new FWUC Service Centre, and awareness raising campaigns through various forms of media. The project also incorporates international replication measures through Outcome 3, which links to the GEF-supported Adaptation Learning Mechanism (ALM) and the UNDP Cambodia facilitated Solution Exchange.

Image(s):
Funding Source:
GEF-LDCF

Agricultural Development/Rural Livelihoods Programmes

  • Project details

  • Summary:

    IFAD is currently preparing 3 provisional project concepts in consultation with Government of PNG. An initial scoping mission has identified opportunities for Community Based Food Security and Rural Livelihoods Projects and a Rural Poor Markets Programme (Cocoa/ Coconut).

    Project Status:
    Pipeline
    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
    Cofinancing Total:
    n/a

Agricultural Research and Development Support Facility (ARDSF)

Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
AusAID
Summary:

The ARDSF is a five year, $35 million (K88m) facility. It is an innovative and flexible funding mechanism aimed at strengthening the capacity of the National Agricultural Research System (NARS) to deliver improved services to their rural stakeholders.

Project Status:
Active
Primary Beneficiaries:
rural population
Financing Amount:
35,000,000
Cofinancing Total:
Information not available
Contacts:

AusAID
Brian Dawson
Email: brian.dawson@ausaid.gov.au

Paul Mitchell
Email: paul.mitchell@ausaid.gov.au

ARDSF:
HT Haus, Ago Street, Gordons
Port Moresby
Papua New Guinea
Tel: + 675 3254488
Fax: + 675 325 0271
PO Box 1177
Port Moresby, NCD
Papua New Guinea

Mr. Graham Tyrie
Facility Director
Email: Graham.Tyrie@ardsf.grm.com.pg
info@ardsf.grm.com.pg

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