Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:DIM, UNDP, State Academy of Science, State Commission of Science and Technology
The goal of this project is the reduction of the annual growth rate of GHG emissions from fossil fuel using activities through the removal of major barriers to the development and widespread implementation of small-scale wind energy systems (SWES) to replace part of the current fossil fuel use in the DPRK. This is carried out by assisting the nascent wind energy sector on the road to full-scale commercialization and improving the domestic market (particularly the rural areas), as well as the potentially viable foreign market, for locally manufactured SWES units.
- Wind Energy Resource Assessment
- Wind Energy Technology Information and Awareness Enhancement
- Development of Domestic and Overseas Market for Locally-made SWES
- SWES Design Improvement
- SWES Manufacturing Improvement
- SWES Technology Demonstration
- Energy Planning and Policy Formulation
- Assessed wind characteristics and energy potentials in the country and improved local capacity to carry out wind energy assessments on a regular basis after the project.
- Widely disseminated feasibility and benefits of wind energy technology applications to potential users in the country.
- Established market for locally made SWES units and promoted both domestically and abroad.
- Compliance of locally made SWES units with internationally acceptable quality and performance standards.
- Improved manufacturing of locally made SWES units towards internationally accepted production practices and standards.
- Installed, operated and monitored optimally designed and manufactured SWES units in selected sites.
- Integration of energy planning and policy making into the country's development planning system.
Project Status:Under Implementation
Effective Governance for Small Scale Rural Infrastructure and Disaster Preparedness in a Changing Climate
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:UNDP, Water Resources and Environment Agency (WREA), Public Administration and Civil Service Authority (PACSA)
Local administrative systems affecting the provision and maintenance of small scale rural infrastructure (including water and disaster preparedness) will be improved through participatory decision making that reflects the genuine needs of communities and natural systems vulnerable to climate risk.
- Inclusive planning, budgeting and capacity development for reducing climate and disaster related risks
- Local investment for reducing climate risks
- Securing ecosystem services and assets
Project Component 1: Inclusive planning, budgeting and capacity development for reducing climate and disaster related risks
- Technical capacity enhanced for at least 250 province, district and village officials, university staff, Not for Profit Associations, local watsan and disaster management committees to understand and integrate climate risk information, including on climate induced disasters, into local planning, investment and execution.
- Climate vulnerability and disaster risk assessments carried out in two or three provinces as an input to national, province and district planning regulations and guidelines.
- Regular dialogues established between district officials, village representatives and local communities on the impacts of climate change and natural disasters on critical rural infrastructure and ecosystems in vulnerable areas, in at least 6 districts.
- District level annual investment plans which integrate climate resilience, ecosystem based adaptation and disaster risk reduction measures developed and under implementation, in at least 6 districts.
Project Component 2: Local investment for reducing climate risks
- Climate-resilient water harvesting, storage and distribution systems designed, built and rehabilitated in at least 120 villages (80,000 people), based on projected changes in rainfall patterns and intensity.
- Village shelters and assembly points, evacuation channels, improved drainage, and other measures to promote resilience to local climate induced disasters built and rehabilitated in at least 120 villages (80,000 people), based on projected changes in rainfall patterns and intensity.
- At least 250 local officials, Watsan Committee members, local disaster management committee members, engineers and local contractors have been trained in managing climate risks to small scale rural infrastructure, as well as technical design elements of climate resilient structures.
- Codes and best practices for climate proofing small scale rural infrastructure including ecosystem based approaches are developed, integrated into existing guidelines and disseminated, including gender differentiated concerns.
Project Component 3: Securing ecosystem services and assets
- 1. Physical measures to build resilience to climate induced risks implemented in at least 6 districts by increasing natural retention and storage of surface water- natural wetland management, reforestation and slope stabilization.
- Physical measures to build resilience to climate induced risks implemented in at least 6 districts by increasing groundwater infiltration and aquifer recharge – gully plugging, terracing, check dams, vegetation cover increase.
- Knowledge and learning materials on climate change, rural infrastructure and ecosystem management developed and disseminated through existing networks and platforms.
UNDP Project Contact Person
- Angus Mackay
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:UNDP, Ministry of Electric Power lndustry, Ministry of Coal lndustry, State Academy of Sciences, State Commission for Science and Technology
ln DPRK, total prirnary energy supply is estimated to have declined by two-thirds since the late 1980s, down to 1.4 tons of coal equivalent (tCe) per capita in 2000, affecting all sectors of its economy, including agriculture and rural development. This was in large part due to the loss of preferential trade with former socialist countries, followed by unprecedented natural disasters over successive years, and the limited capacity to import oil products and spare parts for appropriate maintenance.
Programme Development Phase:
- Establishment of the Programme lmplementation Unit, which includes recruitment of professional and support staff for SRED Programme.
- ldentification of regions and selection of cooperative farms in each region for the implementation of the SRED Programme.
- Assessment and feasibility of energy services, energy resources and technologies at the cooperative farm level.
- ldentification and appraisal of optimal energy and technology mix to meet the existing and new/potential energy needs and services, including financial appraisal.
- lmplementation of feasible demonstration projects, including institutional and financing arrangements and modalities. This must include an operational plan, and options for sustainability, including the management and maintenance aspects of the pilot.
- ldentification of capacity development needs and implementation of a capacity development plan to meet those needs at both the farmers' cooperative and higher levels.
- ldentification of barriers, opportunities and constraints and implementation of plans to address these.
After the completion of the pilot demonstration projects the various components of the SRED programme will be evaluated so that 'good-practices' can be documented for replication at the national level. Based on the lessons learned during the implementation phase, SRED will help the government of DPRK to formulate strategies and plans for scaling-up of sustainable rural energy development at the national level.
- A number of provinces and cooperative farms identified for pilot demonstration of rural energy projects;
- Demonstration activities implemented and running successfully;
- Capacity Development needs identified and Training Programmes lmplemented;
- Policies and Mechanisms are put in place to address barriers and constraints to implement rural energy projects;
- Lessons learned and 'good-practices' compiled for sharing and knowledge management;
- Sustainable Rural Energy Development Programme updated/re-formulated and designed for the implementation at the national-scale.
Project Status:Project Document signed: July 2010
Primary Beneficiaries:Local communities in the Anbyon County, Kangwon Province; Jangyon county, South Hwanghae Province; Unsan County, South Pyongan Province; Kangse county, South Pyongan Province
Executive summary of the key lessons learned from Benin’s experience in preparation of the NAPA project “Integrated Adaptation Programme to Combat the Effects of Climate Change on Agricultural Production and Food Security in Benin”Submitted by andrea on Tue, 2010-02-02 04:35
This LDCF project is the first specific NAPA follow-up project in Benin. Few other projects implemented at the local level have a specific adaptation focus.
This project fully reflects the priority measures identified by the Republic of Benin in its NAPA, i.e priority 1 “implement a climate change risk and EW system for food security in four agro-ecological zones”. Furthermore, the project will contribute to the country’s national development goals such as set out in the Second Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP).
Results and Learning:
Project interventions will range from the level of national government to that of village farmer. In order to foster ownership of the project from the onset, the project document was formulated with the help of stakeholder consultations. An overview of consultations that took place during the PPG phase is available in the attached document.
Local community members and the responsible communes will be trained in data collection and data transmission. Local log sheets will be kept, which will also be used for on-site purposes and decision making. As part of a Farmers Action Research project, local farmers will be trained in plotting the collected data and determine systematically weather trends. The helps build local capacities in dealing with such information and interpreting it for decision making purposes.
An overall capacity building strategy will be developed based on the needs assessment and be implemented.
Through an established reporting and data flow system, data will be fed upstream to the national level, where it will be processed in numerical models.
Relevant national level research and science capacities will be supported by the LDCF project. Training of staff and investments into equipment are foreseen.
The GTA is working in line with a specifically developed communication strategy, according to which end-user friendly products will be developed. For example, based on the Mali experience, it is planned to use radio as one key dissemination mechanism for the forecasting and EW information. Community radio, transmitting information in local vernacular would potentially form a very effective information dissemination mechanism.
It is appreciated that forecast information must be delivered site/area specific and should include recommendation on adaptive measures. For example, if a later onset of the rainy season is predicts, farmers should get information on which short cycle or fast growing crops, cultivars or varieties to plant, whilst the commune level service delivery institutions should be able to source the required seeding material, to make it available to the farmers.