UNDP-ALM Case Study 2011 - Reducing Climate Change-induced Risks and Vulnerabilities from Glacial Lake Outburst Floods in the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar Valleys

Summary:

Unprecedented glacier melting in the Bhutan Himalayas is posing imminent risks in the form of Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOF). GLOF events can release millions of cubic meters of water and debris into narrow mountain valleys and thereby cause catastrophic loss of lives, livelihoods and critical infrastructure. The risks are mounting as water levels in several glacier lakes approach critical geostatic thresholds. In direct response this project is working to reduce climate change-induced GLOF risk in the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar Valleys in Bhutan. The project is undertaking a controlled, artificial drainage effort at Lake Thorthomi, one of Bhutan’s most dangerous glacier lakes. An early warning system is being established in the downstream Punakha-Wangdue valley. 21 hazard-prone communities are being trained in GLOF preparedness. The project is also integrating climate change-related risk management into Disaster Management legislation. The project has lowered Lake Thorthomi by more than 3.63 meters, averting a predicted GLOF event. 17 siren towers along the Punakha-Wangdue valley are providing GLOF early warning signals to 21 vulnerable communities. 67% of households in the target area of the project are aware of GLOF hazard zonation and evacuation routes. Findings from Bhutan are informing GLOF projects throughout the region. Key lessons learned from the project include recognizing the importance of involving stakeholders from different government departments to create appropriate adaptation measures and ensuring that there is on-going cooperation and consistent support between the stakeholders and the government.

Adaptation Experience:

The main goal of the Reducing Climate Change-induced Risks and Vulnerabilities from Glacial Lake Outburst Floods in the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar Valleys project is to enhance adaptive capacity in order to prevent climate change-induced GLOF disasters in Bhutan. With the main objective being to reduce GLOF risks in the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar Valleys. In doing so, the project aims to support the Royal Government of Bhutan to integrate long-term climate change-induced risk reduction planning and management into the existing disaster management framework and practices.

Results and Learning:

At the policy level, the project has enabled the formulation of a Disaster Management Bill (DM Bill) for Bhutan and the completion of GLOF hazard zoning, identifying high-risk zone and evacuation sites, of the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar valleys. The DM Bill drafted in 2008 was reviewed and revised in 2011 by international experts and stakeholders and is expected to be deliberated at the next Parliamentary session, scheduled to take place in January 2012, for ratification during the summer session 2012. A government circular for GLOF-resilient land use planning, based on the GLOF hazard zoning, has been disseminated to the local authorities of Punakha, Wangdi and Bumthang. This represents a significant policy-level outcome of the project, as it restricts new construction in the high-risk zone.In terms of capacity development, the project has established District Disaster Management Committees, District Disaster Management Awareness and Planning Teams, and Gewog (sub-district) Disaster Management Committees in all three districts covered by the project area. The project has trained these committees in Community-Based Disaster Risk Management and GLOF risk management, and the bottom-up disaster management planning process at district, sub-district and village level has started.Refer to full UNDP-ALM Case Study - Bhutan, 2011 for more information. 

Sustainability:

The sustainability of the project interventions can be considered high. The project has relied on existing institutional arrangements and human resources for project implementation. In-country technical capacity developed through earlier GLOF field activities has been used profusely and further reinforced through experiential learning as a result of direct engagement of a Bhutanese team in the technical studies, planning, supervision and implementation of activities. The integration of capacity development component to complement the hard components, namely the artificial lowering of Thorthormi Lake and establishment of GLOF-EWS, also suggests that at the end of the project there will be improved capacity in terms of legislation, policy, guidelines, trained personnel, and better public awareness to continue with various interventions after the conclusion of the project.

Refer to full UNDP-ALM Case Study - Bhutan, 2011 for more information.

Replication:

The project has considerable demonstration value and replicability. This is especially true as the project is the first of its kind in the world and because similar GLOF risks are present in other parts of the country as well as in many other countries with comparable geophysical conditions. Notably, experiences from Bhutan’s project have fed into the design of GLOF projects in Pakistan (Adaptation Fund) and Nepal (Global Environment Facility – Least Developed Countries Fund).With the exception of financing, the project has been almost entirely implemented through the use of national technical and human resources, and within the existing institutional set-up of development governance. The experiential knowledge and skills accrued from the project have built the confidence and capacity of the Bhutanese to plan and implement similar projects in other areas that face similar GLOF challenges. These areas include Mangde Chhu sub-basin; Mo Chhu sub-basin; Chamkhar Chhu sub-basin; and Kuri Chhu sub-basin.The project is also replicable in a number of other countries especially in the Himalayan region given the existence of a high number of potentially dangerous glacial lakes in these countries with geophysical conditions similar to Bhutan. In addition to the 24 potentially dangerous lakes in Bhutan, the Report ‘Formation of Glacial Lakes in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas and GLOF Risk Assessment’ produced by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development in May 2010 has compiled a list of 179 potentially dangerous glacial lakes in various parts of China, India, Nepal, and Pakistan.  

Image(s):
Funding Source:
GEF-LDCF

ALM Project Profile 2008 - Reducing Climate Change-induced Risks and Vulnerabilities in Bhutan

Summary:

This project will take the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) process a step further by translating its priorities into reality and developing the capacity of the Royal Government of Bhutan and local communities to adapt to risks posed by climate change. The objective of the project is to reduce climate change-induced Glacial Lake Outburst Flooding (GLOF) risks in the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar Valleys in Bhutan. Through the project, the Government of Bhutan will integrate long-term climate change-induced risks into the existing disaster risk management framework. The project will integrate climate risk projections into existing disaster risk management practices and implement capacity development measures. The project will demonstrate practical measures to reduce climate change-induced GLOF risks from Thorthormi glacier lake, and facilitate replication of lessons learned in other high-risk GLOF areas, both within and outside Bhutan.

Adaptation Experience:

The most significant climate change impact in Bhutan is the formation of supra-glacial lakes due to the accelerated retreat of glaciers with increasing temperatures. The risk of potential costly economic damages on key development sectors such as agriculture, hydropower, and forestry by Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) is mounting. Climate change is attributed as the primary reason that water levels in glacial lakes approach dangerous thresholds. This poses a new dimension to the existing range of threats to lives, livelihoods, and development.

Results and Learning:

Project Objective: To reduce climate change-induced risks of Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) in the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar Valleys. Key lessons learned: 1. Involve stakeholders from different government departments to create appropriate adaptation measures: Adaptation measures require involvement of stakeholders from different government departments as climate change adaptation cuts across different sectors of development. 

Sustainability:

Although DGM has adequate engineering geology skills and carried out a number of geotechnical assesments and mapping, the approach of fielding a multi-disciplinary team proved to be very important for achiving the objectives of the engineering and safety plan at the Thorthormi lake and for the implementation of GLOF risk mitigation work. The 31 trained DM team members will be further training the teams in each block at the local government level to ensure that local DM plans are formulated to incorporate climate change risks.

Replication:

Adaptation measures require involvement of stakeholders from different government departments (DOE was included as additional partner) as climate change adaptation cuts across different sectors of development / Cooperation among the stakeholders and consistent support from the government is crucial in successful implementation of the project / Involvement of district authorities and local communities and their acceptance of the project are crucial for successful implementation of project activities.

Funding Source:
GEF-LDCF

ALM Case Study 2010 - Reducing Climate Change-induced Risks and Vulnerabilities from Glacial Lake Outburst Floods in the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar Valleys

Summary:

The most significant impact of climate change in Bhutan is the formation of supra-glacial lakes due to the accelerated retreat of glaciers with increasing temperatures. The risk of potential disasters inflicted by Glacial Lakes Outburst Floods (GLOFs), pose new threats to lives, livelihoods and development. The risks are mounting as water levels in several glacier lakes approach critical geostatic thresholds. The objective of this project is to reduce climate change-induced GLOF risk in the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar Valleys in Bhutan. Recognizing the need for systematizing the country’s disaster risk management system to account for climate change induced GLOF hazards, the Government of Bhutan seeks to integrate long-term climate change-induced risks into the existing disaster risk management framework. The project will integrate climate risk projections into existing disaster risk management practices and implement corresponding capacity development measures. It will demonstrate practical measures to reduce climate change-induced GLOF risks from the potentially dangerous Thorthormi glacier lake, and facilitate replication of the respective lessons learned in other high-risk GLOF areas, both within and outside Bhutan. Complementary to this risk reduction effort, the project will ensure that early warning mechanisms for the Punakha-Wangdi Valley, which is currently not equipped to handle the full extent of potential GLOF risks, is expanded to incorporate coverage of this growing threat. Lessons learned from this initiative will enable expansion of early warning systems in other disaster-prone areas downstream of potentially hazardous glacier lakes.

Adaptation Experience:

The project’s main goal is to enhance adaptive capacity to prevent climate change-induced GLOF disasters in Bhutan. In doing so, the project aims to support the Royal Government of Bhutan to integrate long-term climate change-induced risk reduction planning and management into the existing disaster management framework and practices.

Results and Learning:

Progress to date: At the policy level, the project has enabled the formulation of a Disaster Management Bill for Bhutan and the completion of GLOF hazard zoning, identifying high-risk zone and evacuation sites, of the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar valleys. A government circular for GLOF-resilient land use planning, based on the GLOF hazard zoning, has been disseminated to the local authorities of Punakha, Wangdi and Bumthang. This represents a significant policy-level outcome of the project, as it restricts new construction in the high-risk zone.In terms of capacity development, the project has established District Disaster Management Committees, District Disaster Management Awareness and Planning Teams, and Gewog (village cluster) Disaster Management Committees in all three districts covered by the project area. The project has trained these committees in community-based disaster management and GLOF risk management, and the bottom-up disaster management planning process at district, sub-district and village level has started. GLOF and Flood awareness has been promoted through the national newspapers and broadcasting services. This includes the development and dissemination of a hazard awareness map and publishing of an Emergency safety and First Aid handbook. A number of media and advocacy materials have also provided insights and knowledge on the issues and challenges associated with the artificial lowering of Thorthormi Lake and reduction of GLOF risks and vulnerabilities (e.g. WWF Publication “The Cost of Climate Change: The story of Thorthormi Lake”). These materials have immense promotional value and potential to generate global interest and resources to support similar activities in the future.Making progress toward risk reduction from one of Bhutan's most dangerous Glacier Lakes (Lake Thorthormi), the project has successfully lowered the Thorthormi Lake level by 86 centimetres and the two subsidiary lakes by 47 and 41 centimetres and thereby reduced water pressure on the thinning moraine dam during the first phase (2009). Mid-way through the second phase (2010), the water level of Thorthormi Lake was reduced by 43 centimetres and the level of the subsidiary lakes by 59 and 20 centimetres. The mitigation work has moreover generated valuable experience in artificial drainage design and monitoring, but also provided income to more than 300 people.An interim manually operated Early Warning System is operational based on focal persons equipped with mobile phones in 21 particular vulnerable communities. The installation of the automatic Early Warning System is underway. The project has demonstrated its abilities for adaptive management by mobilizing additional government partners (Department of Energy) and co-financing for the up-scaling of a GLOF Early Warning system (EWS). As a result, an automated EWS can now be established at a more comprehensive scale than earlier targeted under the project. The re-planned automatic GLOF-EWS will have sensors at four additional locations and siren towers at nine additional sites than originally planned. In addition, the functionalities of the EWS have been expanded to enable long-term monitoring of hydro-meteorological data.

Sustainability:

The sustainability of the project interventions can be considered high. The following factors are expected to contribute to the sustainability of the interventions implemented through the project: The project has relied on existing institutional arrangements and human resources for project implementation. In-country technical capacity developed through earlier GLOF field activities has been used profusely and further reinforced through experiential learning as a result of direct engagement of a Bhutanese team in the technical studies, planning, supervision and implementation of activities. The integration of capacity development component to complement the hard components, namely the artificial lowering of Thorthormi Lake and establishment of GLOF-EWS, also suggests that at the end of the project there will be improved capacity in terms of legislation, policy, guidelines, trained personnel, and better public awareness to continue with various interventions after the conclusion of the project.The training and awareness programmes on CBDRM are aimed inter alia at enabling local authorities and communities to develop dzongkhag- and gewog-level disaster management plans. The intent is to eventually mainstream the activities outlined in these management plans into the overall dzongkhag and gewog development plans and programmes. This approach is expected to enable the local authorities to internalize and continue project-supported activities as a part of regular government programme after project completion. A key deliverable aimed by the project is the Disaster Management Act. The Disaster Management Bill has been finalized and submitted to the Parliament for deliberation and ratification into an Act. The Bill is expected to be deliberated and ratified at the next Parliamentary session, scheduled to take place in winter (November/December) 2010. If and when ratified, the legislation will provide legitimacy to the DDMCs and GDMCs that the project has helped set up in Punakha, Wangdi and Bumthang, and strengthened through training and awareness programmes. Furthermore, the legislation will provide for appointment of Dzongkhag Disaster Management Officers on a full-time basis to facilitate and assist the implementation of disaster management plans and activities at the dzongkhag level. Adaptive engagement of other stakeholders during the course of project implementation, for instance the inclusion of the Dzongdas of Punakha, Wangdi and Gasadzongkhags in the PB and the mobilization of additional funds from the PHPA for the GLOF-EWS, is expected to have enhanced local ownership and commitment for the sustainability of project interventions.

Replication:

The project has considerable demonstration value and replicability. This is especially true as the project is the first of its kind in the world and because similar GLOF risks are present in other parts of the country as well as in many other countries with comparable geophysical conditions. With the exception of financing, the project has been almost entirely implemented through the use of national technical and human resources, and within the existing institutional set-up of development governance. The experiential knowledge and skills accrued from the project have built the confidence and capacity of the Bhutanese to plan and implement similar projects in other areas that face similar GLOF challenges. These areas include Mangde Chhu sub-basin; Mo Chhu sub-basin; Chamkhar Chhu sub-basin; and Kuri Chhu sub-basin. The current project covers Pho Chhu sub-basin, which has eight potentially dangerous glacial lakes, and down stream areas along Puna Tsang Chhu up to Kame Chhu. The project is also replicable in a number of other countries especially in the Himalayan region given the existence of a high number of potentially dangerous glacial lakes in these countries with geophysical conditions similar to Bhutan. In addition to the 24 potentially dangerous lakes in Bhutan, the Report ‘Formation of Glacial Lakes in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas and GLOF Risk Assessment’ produced by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development in May 2010 has compiled a list of 179 potentially dangerous glacial lakes in various parts of China, India, Nepal, and Pakistan. A Climate Change Adaptation Fund project is under formulation to address GLOF risks in Pakistan drawing on the approach and lessons of this project.

Funding Source:
GEF-LDCF

Reducing Climate Change-induced Risks and Vulnerabilities

Summary:

This project will take the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) process a step further by translating its priorities into reality and developing the capacity of the Royal Government of Bhutan and local communities to adapt to risks posed by climate change.

The objective of the project is to reduce climate change-induced Glacial Lake Outburst Flooding (GLOF) risks in the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar Valleys in Bhutan. Through the project, the Government of Bhutan will integrate long-term climate change-induced risks into the existing disaster risk management framework.

The project will integrate climate risk projections into existing disaster risk management practices and implement capacity development measures. The project will demonstrate practical measures to reduce climate change-induced GLOF risks from Thorthormi glacier lake, and facilitate replication of lessons learned in other high-risk GLOF areas, both within and outside Bhutan.

Adaptation Experience:

The most significant climate change impact in Bhutan is the formation of supra-glacial lakes due to the accelerated retreat of glaciers with increasing temperatures. The risk of potential costly economic damages on key development sectors such as agriculture, hydropower, and forestry by Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) is mounting. Climate change is attributed as the primary reason that water levels in glacial lakes approach dangerous thresholds. This poses a new dimension to the existing range of threats to lives, livelihoods, and development.

Results and Learning:

Project Objective: To reduce climate change-induced risks of Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs) in the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar Valleys.

Key lessons learned:

  1. Involve stakeholders from different government departments to create appropriate adaptation measures: Adaptation measures require involvement of stakeholders from different government departments as climate change adaptation cuts across different sectors of development. For example, an adjustment made within the project shifted the Early Warning System (EWS) component of the project to the Department of Energy (DoE) instead of the Department of Geology & Mines. EWS setup was reviewed and design aligned with ongoing EWS investments by the DoE.
  2. Ensure that there is ongoing cooperation and consistent support between the stakeholders and the government: Cooperation among the stakeholders and consistent support from the government is crucial in successful implementation of the project. This has been evidenced throughout the inception and implementation phases of this project and directly affects the realisation of Outcome 1: Improved national, regional, and local capacities. The outputs include the institutionalization of climate-resilient disaster risk management (DRM) legislation, policy frameworks and guidelines (1.1) and strengthened capacities for climate risk planning at the district administrative levels (1.2). Close collaboration ensures that the scope, objectives and outcomes are actionable and appropriate. Consistent support and communication also allows for adjustments to be made as necessary (as evidenced from the shifting of EWS responsibilities from the Department of Geology to the DoE).
  3. Involve district authorities and local communities at an early stage of project design: Involvement of district authorities and local communities and their acceptance of the project are crucial for successful implementation of project activities. For example, from a cost-benefit analysis the project found it difficult to decide whether to transport project goods and materials to the project site via yak/horse or helicopter. With input it was determined that although much slower and more time-intensive, yak/horse transportation was preferred as it is cheaper overall, provides economic benefits to local communities and engenders a level of responsiveness in the local community to the project. Additionally, several rounds of awareness and advocacy programs have been conducted in vulnerable communities and institutional arrangements for GLOF preparedness and response were improved through targeted advocacy and awareness actions. A community-based disaster risk reduction curriculum was formulated and tested through a Training of Trainers program in May 2009. District Disaster Management Committee members have been trained in disaster management planning processes and expected to train sub-district DM committees and prepare district DM plans. The design of a GLOF Early Warning System has been upgraded to include communities further downstream, mobilizing additional co-financing resources.
  4. Plan field work well in advance: Given the remoteness of the project area and the limited time window of opportunity for excavation works (4 months per annum), it became clear that field work needs to be planned well in advance. An adequate minimum of working months during the season needs to be maintained each year in order to keep the workforce interested and motivated (otherwise, the financial incentives will be insufficient). Delays in the commencement of excavation works has resulted in the reduction of overall working days at the project site, which has diminished the interest of some workers joining the team. As a result, some workers have dropped out from the work force
  5. Cast a wide net to find the desired expertise (and compensate the labour appropriately): For the project it was necessary to draw labour from a wide range, since the required work force strength was not available from immediate project area. A targeted announcement for workforce recruitment was made in the local media. Financial incentives were made more attractive, and additional insurance was provided. As a result, over 400 people came for recruitment along with mandatory medical certificates.
Sustainability:

Although DGM has adequate engineering geology skills and carried out a number of geotechnical assesments and mapping, the approach of fielding a multi-disciplinary team proved to be very important for achiving the objectives of the engineering and safety plan at the Thorthormi lake and for the implementation of GLOF risk mitigation work. The 31 trained DM team members will be further training the teams in each block at the local government level to ensure that local DM plans are formulated to incorporate climate change risks.

Replication:

Adaptation measures require involvement of stakeholders from different government departments (DOE was included as additional partner) as climate change adaptation cuts across different sectors of development / Cooperation among the stakeholders and consistent support from the government is crucial in successful implementation of the project / Involvement of district authorities and local communities and their acceptance of the project are crucial for successful implementation of project activities.

Reducing Climate Change-induced Risks and Vulnerabilities from Glacial Lake Outburst Floods in the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar Valleys

  • Project details

  • Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
    Government of Bhutan: Department of Geology and Mines, Department of Disaster Management, Department of Energy, Gross National Happiness Commission, Dzongkhag (district level) administrations
    Summary:

    This project was identified by the National Adaptation Programme of Action of Bhutan as a national priority to address the adverse impacts of climate change. Its goal is to enhance adaptive capacity to climate change-induced disaster impacts in Bhutan. As a contribution to the achievement of this goal, the project objective is to 'reduce climate change-induced risks and vulnerabilities from glacial lake outbursts in the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar Valleys.'

    Project Components:

    The project addresses urgent priorities from the recently concluded NAPA process in Bhutan. The project will integrate climate risk projections into existing DRM practices and implement corresponding capacity development measures at the national, district, and community levels. The project will demonstrate a practical approach to reduce GLOF risks from Thorthormi Glacier Lake, which is one of Bhutan’s most dangerous glacier lakes with a worst-case-scenario outburst projection as early as 2010.

    The lessons learned in this project will facilitate replication of GLOF risk reduction in other high risk areas, both within and outside Bhutan. The project will also ensure that the existing EWS in the PW Valley, which is not currently equipped to handle the full extent of GLOF risks, is expanded to take sufficient account of this growing risk. Lessons learned from this initiative will enable up-scaling of EWS in other areas vulnerable to GLOFs.

    Expected Outputs:

    The project’s goal is to enhance adaptive capacity to prevent climate change-induced GLOF disasters in Bhutan and its objective is to reduce GLOF risks in the Punakha-Wangdi (PW) and Chamkhar Valleys.

    The project is organized according to the following four outcomes and subsidiary outputs:

    1. Improved national, regional, and local capacities to prevent climate change-induced GLOF disasters in the PW and Chamkhar Valleys Institutionalized climate-resilient DRM legislation, policy frameworks, and guidelines. Strengthened capacities for climate risk planning at the district (dzongkhag) administrative levels. Information on climate hazards and GLOF vulnerabilities in Bhutan systematically captured, updated,and synthesized. Awareness raised in communities vulnerable to climate-related GLOF risks.
    2. Reduced risks of a GLOF from Thorthormi Lake through an artificial lake level management system Engineering and safety plans for risk reduction measures on Thorthormi Lake developed. Lowered Thorthormi Lake water levels. Water levels of Thorthormi Lake and status of artificial lowering system regularly monitored and maintained. Technical knowledge and lessons from the process of artificially lowering lake levels captured and documented for use in future projects.
    3. Reduced human and material losses in vulnerable communities in the PW Valley through GLOF early warnings Technical components for a GLOF EWS in PW Valley installed and operational. Established institutional arrangements to operate, test, and maintain the GLOF EWS. Raised awareness of communities in the PW Valley on operation of EWS. Raised awareness of safe GLOF evacuation areas in each vulnerable community in the PW Valley. Technical knowledge and lessons learned in the installation and operation of GLOF EWS captured and documented for use in future projects.
    4. Enhanced learning, evaluation, and adaptive management Project lessons captured and disseminated through the Adaptation Learning Mechanism. Project knowledge shared with other GLOF-prone countries.
    Contacts:

    UNDP Regional Technical Advisor

    UNDP Focal Point

    • Ms. Anne Erica Larsen
    • Energy, Environment & Disaster Management Unit
    • United Nations Development Programme
    • Samten Lam, Post Box 162, Thimphu
    • Tel: +975 2 322424
    Project Status:
    Under Implementation
    Primary Beneficiaries:
    Local communities in the affected river valleys
    Project Details
    Funding Source:
    GEF-LDCF
    Financing Amount:
    GEF (LDCF): US$3,445,050
    Cofinancing Total:
    US$3906,224 (as of October 2011)
    Total Amounts:
    US$7,351,274 (as of October 2011)

Bhutan - National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA)

Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), Planning Commission is a multisectoral body of the Royal Government chaired by the Prime Minister, Ministry of Health and Education (MOHE), Ministry of Communications (MOC), Ministry of Home Affairs (MOHA), Ministry of Trade and Industry, Royal Society for the Protection of Nature (RSPN)
Executing Agency:
National Environment Commission
Implementing Agency:
UNDP
Summary:

The Bhutan NAPA preparation has been a timely opportunity to look at the country’s
climate change related vulnerabilities in its unique geographical setting.

Project Components:

n/a

Expected Outputs:

Module No. 1: Establishment of NAPA Team, institutional arrangements
Activity 1.1. NAPA Process Initiation and Management
Activity 1.2. Stakeholder Consultations
Activity 1.3. Assembly of Multi-Disciplinary Teams

Module No. 2: Adaptation Assessment Methodology
Activity 2.1. Adaptation Assessment Methodology Development
Activity 2.2. Review of initial vulnerability and adaptability assessments
Activity 2.3. Prioritisation of Sectors Affected by Climate Change

Module 3: Adaptation Assessments and Plan of Actions
Activity 3.1. Detailed Adaptation Analysis of Priority Sectors
Activity 3.2. Development of Proposals for Priority Activities
Activity 3.3. Synthesis of Detailed Sectoral Adaptation Analyses

Module No. 4: Preparation of the National Adaptation Program of Action
Activity 4.1. Preparation and Presentation of the Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan
Activity 4.2. Review of Adaptation Strategy and Action Plan
Activity 4.3. NAPA Document Dissemination

Project Status:
Completed
Primary Beneficiaries:
The people of Bhutan
Funding Source:
Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF)
Financing Amount:
199,000
Cofinancing Total:
0
Total Amounts:
199,000