Adaptation to climate change in agriculture, forestry and fisheries: Perspective, framework and prioritiesSubmitted by andrea on Wed, 2011-07-13 06:17
The croplands, pastures and forests that occupy 60 percent of the Earth’s surface are progressively being exposed to threats from increased climatic variability and, in the longer run, to climate change. Abnormal changes in air temperature and rainfall and resulting increases in frequency and intensity of drought and flood events have long-term implications for the viability of these ecosystems.
With respect to climate change adaptation in agriculture, forestry and fisheries, FAO has taken significant and concrete initiatives that provide multiple benefits. FAO provides implementation support to more than 50 global, regional, national and local projects designed specifically to address climate change adaptation, climate-related disaster risk management or a combination of adaptation and mitigation.
National Capacity Self-Assessments: Results and Lessons Learned for Global Environmental SustainabilitySubmitted by andrea on Tue, 2011-02-08 19:40
This report summarizes the main results from the NCSAs, identifying the common issues, challenges, priority capacity development needs, and recommendations for action to be undertaken through national or regional initiatives.
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:FAO, ADPC, Ministry of Agriculture (China)
The frequency of natural hazards and disasters in China is very high. Agriculture is one of the most exposed and vulnerable sectors. The Government of China has released in 2005 a new policy framework and legislation on natural disaster prevention . The new framework identified further improved disaster preparedness and mitigation as additional priorities for sucessful disaster risk management.
Early Warming System (EWS)
Farmers Cooperatives (FC)Development for DRM
Gender Mainstreaming in DRM
DRM planning framework
Output 1: An improved early warning system for flood and drought disasters and a better agriculture and market information system (from provincial to village level);
Output 2: The preparation of an enhanced operational disaster risk management plan at county level with a focus on natural disaster risk prevention and preparedness;
Output 3: The establishment and empowerment of farmer organizations in order to enable them to contribute as local partners to the DRM planning; and implementation of
good practice demonstrations for enhanced risk reduction at village level;
Stephan Baas (FAO), Liu Yonggong (Center for Integrated Agricultural Development-CIAD)
Primary Beneficiaries:Government of China, Farmers in Juye county
Integrating climate change issues into the agricultural sector inputs to the national development and sectoral investment plans
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:The Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries’ (MAAIF)
A CC DARE scoping mission was undertaken from April 21st – 25th 2008. A two day stakeholder consultation was held with a broad representation of climate adaptation actors.
Following the scoping mission, a total of seven proposals were received from a range of governmental and non-governmental organisations.
The purpose of the Technical Assistance is to support MAAIF to mainstream Climate Change Adaptation Issues into write up for the NDP and the DSIP.
Two outcomes are expected:
i) Climate change issues are integrated into national and sectoral frameworks. The outputs that will contribute to this outcome include provision of Technical Assistance and training for members of the Thematic Working Groups (TWGs), who are responsible for formulating these plans as well as other sector stakeholders including local governments and other central government ministries.
ii) Enhanced knowledge and skills on climate change amongst key stakeholders in the agricultural sector. The outputs contributing to this outcome include trained staff and the development and dissemination of mainstreaming guidelines.
Policy Advisor Climate Change & Development Programme, UNDP United Nations Office in Nairobi: Johnson Nkem, firstname.lastname@example.org
UNEP Focal Point: Bubu Jallow, Bubu.email@example.com
UNDP Focal Point: Pradeep Kurukulasuriya, firstname.lastname@example.org
UNEP Risoe Centre Focal Point: Anne Olhoff, email@example.com
Project Status:The MAAIF CC DARE project has been finalized.
WWF case study: The Economic Contribution of Belize’s Coral Reefs and mangroves (Coastal Capital: Belize)Submitted by tianyili on Sun, 2010-04-11 12:53
Coastal and marine ecosystems provide vitally important goods and services to Belize.
Coral reefs and mangroves are an extremely important part of Belize’s ecological and economic wealth. The value of three economically vital services provided by these ecosystems amounts to US$395 – 559 million per year. This is an especially large sum relative to Belize’s GDP of US$1.3 billion. Many of Belize’s reefs and mangroves are already under threat from unsustainable development, overfishing, and natural threats such as storms. Climate change threatens to worsen these effects. It is critical for Belize’s government and citizens to work now to protect their coastal resources, or risk losing these benefits in the not-so-distant future.
Results and Learning:
The protection they furnish from erosion and wave damage from coastal storms, valued at US$231 – 347 million in avoided damages per year, is especially notable, and highlights the importance of protecting coral reefs and mangroves for their less visible services as well as for the more obvious benefits of fisheries and marine tourism.
As these resources become increasingly threatened, it is critical to recognize the value they provide, and to incorporate them into decision-making.It is in the long-term economic interest of Belize to: 1. Invest in scientific assessment, monitoring, and compliance; 2. Plan and implement development sensibly; 3. Increase support for Belize’s MPA system.
Innovative thinking on agriculture in the Greater Mekong Subregion will help nations meet rising food demands, protect environments and prepare for climate change.
Nations of the Greater Mekong Subregion need to ‘rethink’ their agricultural industries to meet future food needs, given the social shifts and climate changes that are forecast for the coming decades. With better farming practices, and by managing agriculture within the wider context of natural ecosystems, nations could boost production and increase the wealth and resilience of poor people in rural communities.
On the occasion of the Climate Change Summit in Copenhagen, the Global Partnership on Climate, Fisheries and Aquaculture (PaCFA) hosted at the European Environment Agency on 15th December a side event on “Fisheries, aquaculture and aquatic systems in a changing climate”.
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is one of Australia's most important development partners, and Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research's (ACIAR) program in PNG reflects this. ACIAR's program recognises the many challenges to agricultural development in PNG, including poorly developed infrastructure, weak market signals and services, pressure on land and renewable resources as a result of population increases and new pest and disease threats, and poor product quality.
Key principles in designing and executing the program include the importance of:
* engagement with the private sector, industry bodies and NGOs along with government in both research and implementation of research results
* research that assists the engagement of smallholders in the cash economy
* understanding the social and economic issues affecting farmer decision-making and factors influencing adoption of new technologies.
ACIAR Key Program Managers
Prinicipal Regional Coordinator
Mr Les Baxter
Research Program Managers
Dr Caroline Lemerle
Agricultural Systems Management
Dr Chris Barlow
Dr Russell Haines
Dr Gamini Keerthisinghe
Soil Management and Crop Nutrition
Dr Richard Markham
Climate Frontline - African Communities Adapting to Survive is a joint initiative between five international NGOs to document how climate change is affecting lives throughout Africa and how communities are adapting to it.