Where are they now?
The Africa Climate Change Resilience Alliance (ACCRA) is an alliance of five development partners: Oxfam GB, the Overseas Development Institute, Save the Children, World Vision International and Care International. It was established in 2009 with the aim of understanding how development interventions can contribute to adaptive capacity at the community and household level, and to inform the design and implementation of development planning by governments and non-governmental development partners to support adaptive capacity for climate change and other development pressures.
The Change - A Mudança is a cartoon video on climate change, produced by UNDP Mozambique, other UN agencies and partners. It’s an educational DVD for teaching children issues of climate change.
Social impacts of climate change in Bolivia: a municipal level analysis of the effects of recent climate change on life expectancy, consumption, poverty and inequalitySubmitted by Yury Zhukov on Thu, 2011-10-27 06:46
This paper analyzes the direct evidence of climate change in Bolivia during the past 60 years, and estimates how these changes have affected life expectancy and consumption levels for each of the 311 municipalities in Bolivia. Contrary to the predictions of most general circulation models, the evidence shows a consistent cooling trend of about 0.2°C per decade over all highland areas, slight and scattered evidence of warming in the lowlands, and no systematic changes in precipitation.
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:UNDP, Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, Government of Mauritius
As a Small Island Developing State, the Republic of Mauritius is particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change, especially in its coastal zones, where a convergence of accelerating sea level rise and increasing frequency and intensity of tropical cyclones results in considerable economic loss, humanitarian stresses, and environmental degradation.
Adaptation requires in situ changes in behaviour and site management, and appropriate technical interventions, as well as early warning systems to enable communities to move away from areas where the risk of storm surge and flooding is imminent. As coral reefs lose the race with sea level rise, the critical ecosystem function of wave attenuation must be replaced in some manner. Equally important is the need for a monitoring system that tracks the correlation between key ecosystem functions and weather events to continue to inform and fine-tune the design of appropriate interventions.
The programme will implement appropriate coastal protection measures and deliver improvements in the resilience of communities in three coastal zones of the island of Mauritius: Mon Choisy, Riviere des Galets and QuatreSoeurs. The overall approach is to work from the level of technical solutions at specific coastal sites to the policy and regulatory level, such that future replication of coastal adaptation measures will be catalysed, supported by new policies, guidelines, and economic incentives. Coastal communities will be increasingly climate resilient and able to protect livelihoods that are tied directly to the integrity of the coastal zone on the island of Mauritius.
Objective: Increase climate resilience of communities and livelihoods in coastal areas in Mauritius (all islands)
- Provide direct benefits to up to 3,150 people whose jobs, houses, and families are currently threatened by coastal erosion, storm surges, and tidal flooding.
Outcome 1: Current climate change risks at three coastal sites resolved through the design and application of coastal protection measures, using proven technologies (addressing beach erosion and flood risk from storm surges)
- By 2014, current climate change risks at three coastal sites (Mon Choisy, Riviere des Galets, QuatreSoeurs) resolved through design and application of coastal protection measures, using proven technologies (addressing beach erosion and flood risk from storm surges).
- Coastal degradation and vulnerabilities at each of the three sites arrested, meaning: no further erosion at Mon Choisy (beach accretion of 2 metres over 3 years); no surge flooding and no further shore erosion at Riviere des Galets; and, no flooding of coastal public buildings at QuatreSoeurs.
- The target for numbers of beneficiaries is as follows: Mon Choisy: 1,500-2000 people; Riviere des Galets: 100-150 –people; QuatreSoeurs: 1000 people.
Outcome 2: Early warning on incoming storm communicated to coastal communities, indicating the time of incidence and height of storm surges, through the design and activation of an early warning system
- By 2012, more than 3,400 people in current surge zones are able to safely evacuate prior to future storm surge events (there are no people left in the surge zone when the surge hits).
Outcome 3: Increase capacity of public agencies, private sector entities, NGOs and CBOs, and individuals to develop infrastructure and conduct livelihoods in the coastal zone with minimal risk of loss due to future climate change effects.
- By 2015, increased capacity of public agencies, private sector entities, and individuals to develop infrastructure and conduct livelihoods in the coastal zone of ROM with minimal risk of loss due to future climate change effects.
Outcome 4: Clear and practical alignment of Mauritanian policy strategies, plans and regulations with the most appropriate best practices for adaptation in the coastal zone, taking into account the expected risks to coastal processes and infrastructure in ROM over the next 50 years.
- By 2015, clear and practical alignment of Mauritian policy, strategies, plans, and regulations with the most appropriate best practices for adaptation in the coastal zone, taking into account the expected risks to coastal processes and infrastructure in ROM over the next 20 years.
Outcome 5: Effective capturing and dissemination of lessons from the applied activities in the programme
- By 2015, effective capturing and dissemination of lessons from the applied activities in the programme.
UNDP Regional Technical Advisor
- Jessica Troni
- Tel.: + 27 12 354 8056
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Project Status:Start of the project: February 2012
Primary Beneficiaries:Mauritian communities in coastal zones with tourism-based livelihoods, specifically in three coastal zones of the island of Mauritius: Mon Choisy, Riviere des Galets and Quatre Soeurs
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:UNDP, Ministry for the Coordination of the Environment (MICOA)
The coastal zone of Mozambique is likely to experience significant impacts as a result of climate change during the course of this century. Mean sea levels will rise, wave patterns will alter, and the frequency and intensity of storms will change. More than 60% of the population of Mozambique lives in coastal areas, placing significant pressure on coastal resources and natural capital.
Objective: To develop the capacity of communities living in the coastal zone to manage climate change risks.
- Outcome 1: Climate change risks to coastal zones integrated into key decision-making process and managed at community level as well as sub-national and national government level.
- Outcome 2: Adaptive capacity of coastal communities improved and coastal zone resilience to climate change enhanced.
- 1. Coastal climate change risks integrated into key decision making processes at the local, subnational and national levels.
- 2. Adaptive capacity of coastal communities improved and coastal zone resilience to climate change enhanced.
- 3.Best practices documented and disseminated
Objective: At the end of the project 50% of men and women have declared ownership of adaptation processes (disaggregated by gender).
- Capacity Assessment score: 3.83/5
- At the end of the project 10 local government institutions have been trained in CC adaptation and SLR and coastal erosion risk management and; at least one decision-maker from the key institutions made use of improved climate and vulnerability information in their coastal adaptation policies.
- At the end of the project 50% of men and women have declared ownership of adaptation processes (disaggregated by gender).
- By the end of the project 50% of households increase their income by 50%.
- 50% of households have improved flood and drought management.
Primary Beneficiaries:Communities in seven pilot sites in three coastal Provinces in Mozambique, Local Government and national policy-makers.
Building Community Resillience in the Water Sector (IWRM) through Capacity Building, Policy Research and Action, Awareness Creation and EducationSubmitted by wrcclimate on Mon, 2011-09-05 20:55
The project sought to coordinate efforts to conserve and store water, reducing the effects of flooding through flood water retention, strengthening existing adaptation strategies (e.g. dry season farming), and providing mechanisms for timely climate forecast and information for communities in times of expected floods and drought in over ten Districts. Water storage facilities of different types depending on uses such as flood storm reduction, livestock watering, dry season gardening, groundwater recharge and domestic uses, were provided in over twenty communities across the three northern regions. These were preceded by customised awareness creation and tailor made capacity building and training activities. Major parners were Alternative Initiative for Development (AID), Centre for Human and Environmental Security (CHES), and University for Development Studies.
Results and Learning:
The project activities have shown contributions to building and strengthening the resilience of socioeconomically weakened communities with benefits trickling down to households especially those that are poor, having very limited resources with less mobility. Decision making for project activities had no gender imbalances as both gender contributed equally to approaches, the selection and siting of facilities as well as the overall management of connected small projects including expected benefit sharing. Water harvesting facilities were expected to not only serve food crop production purposes and gardening but also for livestock watering, and building and construction of houses, as well as for flood control in some cases.
The factors that underline the replicability of the activities are already practical recipes for sustaining the project. Local communities are determined in their own little ways to emulate what have been achieved in other communities. However, these efforts would require some high level adoption and intervention to avoid lags in adaptation and to also ensure quality, the order of the day. Most materials developed under the project are already being used nationally especially those on flooding which are providing necessary resources for the National Disaster Management Organisation (NADMO) hence some project activities are already enjoying an up-scaling and which must be sustained. Danida provided further support to the outcomes of this pilot so as to enhance sustainability. This takes the form of a practical climate change adaptation learning centre in Bolgatanga at the White Volta basin office to ensure sustained awareness, education and technical support through visitations made to the centre. However, this pilot phase should have been scaled up to real project status and then later years to programmes by the District Assemblies but just when the Assemblies started imbibing the concept of climate mainstreaming, the pilot phase was already concluding. A community investment support fund would in no doubt be an asset to continue with this project until such time that communities learn the appropriate way in harnessing water resources for their own water usage in the face of climate change and variability.
The most achieved and conspicuous impact of the approaches for implementing the project was to ensure easy replicability and knowledge sharing. This includes technical and non-technical assistance from the WRC through interaction of various communities’ leadership and their offer to help neighbours. What this project has therefore nurtured as an innovation and thinking outside the box is to promote intercultural exchange of experiences with respect to the project activities involving the deliberate movement of people into new environments to assist in providing adaptation support. Awareness creation materials and information brochures are tangible resources that are being used by poor and vulnerable communities to tell their own stories and specifically what they are looking forward to doing. Such materials have enlightened several actors interested in adaptation. There were no big or small actors as equal playing field was maintained for all to do what was expected of them and in spite of being a pilot project with limited financial resources a lot more was achieved than commensurate with the level of funding. The potential to replicate therefore is very straightforward, readily available human capacity and requiring very little financial investment to undertake. For the good of sustainability most of the activities are now seen as cross-cultural in the context of adaptation to climate change rather than as livelihoods support only.