The focus of the paper is on India. It looks at projections of climate change under different climate models and at how these changes will alter India’s vulnerability to the climate. In particular it notes that it is not necessarily those poorest states which are the most vulnerable to future projected changes. The paper then focuses on the current coping strategies for climate variability by the chronically poor and highlights some of the barriers to and opportunities for successful adaptation.
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:UNDP
The objective of this project is to reduce human and material losses from Glacier Lake Outburst Flooding (GLOF) in Solukhumbu district and catastrophic flooding events in the Terai and Churia Range.
Project Objective: The objective of the project is to strengthen GLOF risk reduction efforts promoting non-structural and community-based interventions as well as enhancing understanding of socio-economic risks associated with GLOFs and.
The intended outputs from the project are:
- National and regional needs, limitations and capacities to reduce the risk of GLOFs in the Himalayan belt identified and used.
- National staff in relevant ministries have knowledge and capacity to use gender sensitive community based approaches on GLOF risk reduction.
- A regional network of stakeholders for GLOF risk reduction in Himalayan region established and effectively uses shared knowledge to manage GLOF risk.
- A regional knowledge product on GLOF risk reduction through community-based approaches produced and disseminated.
UNDP Regional Technical Advisor
- Gernot Laganda
- Email: email@example.com
Project Status:Council Approved
Primary Beneficiaries:The local communities in the Terai and Churia Range
Strengthening The Resilience of Post Conflict Recovery And Development To Climate Change Risks in Sri Lanka
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:UNDP, Ministry of Ministry of Economic Development, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Disaster Management, Finance Commission of Sri Lanka
The project's key objective is increase the resilience of communities to climate change-induced hazards through integration of climate-smart policies and actions into development planning and budgeting, including in the reconstruction and rehabilitation programmes in the Northern Province and Eastern Province.
Enabling climate change- resilient reconstruction, resettlement and development planning at the district and provincial levels
Reconstruction and development programmes in the Northern Province and Eastern Province integrate climate risk information and adaptation measures:
1.1. Integrated map-based assessment of climate-related hazards, vulnerabilities and climate-sensitive natural resources available in all districts of the Northern Province and Eastern Province
1.2. Disaster resilient infrastructure development controls and building codes applied in key reconstruction, resettlement and development programmes to reduce losses and damage from climate-induced hazards
1.3. Land use plans for key resettlement and infrastructure programmes in the Northern Province and Eastern Province revised on the basis of climate scenarios to reduce damages from climate-induced hazards (sea level rise, flooding, erosion, storms, salinisation of soils and aquifers)
Strengthening institutional capacities to develop and appraise climate resilient investment projects
Design, appraisal and approval processes for provincial and communal development plans integrate climate risk considerations:
2.1. Provincial councils, local authorities, district planning units and officers of the Ministry of Economic Development, Finance Comission, Central Environment Authority and National Housing Development Authority trained to recognize climate risk problems in new investment projects and apply and/or recommend targeted risk reduction and risk management measures
2.2. Training programme for structural engineers, urban and rural infrastructure planners and teaching staff from technical colleges and vocational training institutes on climate-resilient construction, land use and water resources planning
Implementing climate-resilient community reconstruction and development plans
Investment programme defined and implemented to increase the resilience of communal development plans from climate change-induced risks:
3.1. Restoration and rehabilitation of natural buffer zones (mangrove greenbelts, sand dunes, natural wetlands) in at least 3 climate risk vulnerability hot spots to protect community reconstruction and development efforts in the coastal belt
3.2. Revise and adjust at least 30 communal development plans to take into consideration the effects of climate induced flooding and drought through targeted adaptation measures (such as communal rainwater harvesting, flood-proofing of communal water infrastructure, adoption of drought-resistant crops).
Outcome 1.1: Mainstreamed adaptation in broader development frameworks at country level and in targeted vulnerable areas.
Output 1.1.1: Adaptation measures and necessary budget allocations included in relevant frameworks
Outcome 1.2: Reduce vulnerability in development sectors
Output 1.2.1: Vulnerable physical, natural and social assets strengthened in response to climate change impacts, including variability
Project Status:Under Implementation
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:UNDP and the Ministry of Tourism, Arts and Culture
Project Objective: Increase adaptive capacity of the tourism sector in Maldives to respond to the impacts of climate change and invest in appropriate, no-regrets adaptation measures.
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:UNDP, World Health Organization, and Ministry of Health
Bhutan Project Objective
To strengthen national capacity to identify and prevent adverse climate change related health outcomes in Bhutan.
Key Health Concerns and Vulnerability to Climate Change
- Climate change and health early warning and planning systems
- Institutional and technical capacity to manage climate change health risks
- Demonstration Measures to reduce vulnerability
- Regional Cooperation to address climate change health risks
Outcome 1: Risk Assessment and integrated surveillance enhanced for effective management of climate sensitive health risks.
- Vulnerability and impact assessment determines high-risk areas and populations, and establishes the disease burden (baseline) of climate sensitive diseases.
- Integrated surveillance and alert network system piloted across high-risk (riverine and highland) areas to monitor and provide early detection of changes in climate sensitive diseases and health risks.
Outcome 2: Community and health sector institutions have improved capacity to respond to climate-sensitive health risks.
- Professional skills and health system strengthen in areas identified to have higher risks of extreme weather events or disasters, and epidemic diseases by providing training, capacity building and institutional support.
- Strengthened awareness of climate relevance to health amongst national policy makers, and improved multi-sector health coordination improves effectiveness of prevention, monitoring and management of health risks.
- Increased community awareness, capacity and empowerment helps communities prepare for and cope with increased stresses on the community posed by climate change or emergencies.
Outcome 3: Emergency preparedness and disease prevention measures implemented in areas of heightened health risk due to climate change.
- Implementation of Health sector Emergency Contingency Plan.
- Scale up and targeting of community level interventions for control of water and vector borne diseases, mental health and nutritional issues.
Department of Public Health
Ministry of Health
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan
The Himalayan Karakorum Hindukush (HKH) Mountain region contains the second largest glacier in the world and acts as the main source for river systems in the area. Although this region provides a lot for the atmosphere and rural livelihoods there are climate-related hazards such as; floods, avalanches and landslides, which occur every year which can cause many human and material losses. Due to the change in climate the glaciers are rapidly melting and there is an increase in the volume of water which flows into the glacier lakes, this is known as Glacier Lake Outburst Floods (GLOFs).
- Policy recommendations & institutional strengthening to prevent climate change induced GLOF events in northern Pakistan
- Strengthening Knowledge and Information about GLOF risks in northern Pakistan
- Demonstration of community-based GLOF risk management in vulnerable mountain valleys of northern Pakistan
- Documentation, analysis and continued application of lessons learnt
Source: Project Proposal Document, 2011
- Strengthened Institutional capacities to implement policies, plans and investments that prevent human and material losses from GLOF events in vulnerable areas of Northern Pakistan
- Improved access of disaster management planners and policy makers to knowledge, information and research on GLOF risks
- Reduced human and material losses in vulnerable communities in the Northern areas of Pakistan through GLOF early warnings and other adaptation measures
- Project experiences documented and replicated
Source: Project Proposal Document, 2011
Project Status:Under Implementation
Increasing climate resilience through an Integrated Water Resource Management Programme in HA. Ihavandhoo, ADh. Mahibadhoo and GDh. Gadhdhoo Island
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Ministry of Housing and Environment
The primary problem addressed by this project is climate change-induced decline of freshwater resources that is affecting the entire population of Maldives. Freshwater resources are scarce in the Maldives. As surface freshwater is generally lacking throughout the country (with the exception of a limited number of brackish water swampy areas in some of the islands), the key problems pertaining to freshwater security relate to the management of increasingly saline groundwater and increasingly variable rainfall patterns.
- Establishment of integrated, climate-resilient water supply and -management systems in HA. Ihavandhoo, ADh. Mahibadhoo and GDh. Gadhdhoo
- Increase participation in the development, allocation and monitoring of freshwater use in a changing climate
- Replication and up scaling of climate-resilient freshwater management
Source: Project Proposal, 2011
- Ground water aquifer rehabilitated and freshwater supply ensured in HA. Ihavandhoo, ADh. Mahibadhoo and GDh. Gadhdhoo to provide reliable, equitable and costeffective access to safe freshwater in a changing climate
- Strengthened local awareness and ownership of integrated, climateresilient freshwater management
- Improved institutional capacity to promote and enforce climateresilient freshwater management on all inhabited islands
Source: Project Proposal, 2011
Project Status:Project Funded (Approval date: 2011-06-22)
UNICEF, in partnership with the Maldives Ministry of Education and the NGO Live and Learn Environmental Education (LLEE) developed a resource pack of learning/teaching materials completed in 2008 to strengthen active learning in the current environmental education curricula.
This paper is an updated version of Pender's previous publication What is Climate Change? And How It May Affect Bangladesh, which aims to summarise current international and national literature on climate change using language that is more easily understood by development practitioners in Bangladesh and elsewhere. The paper presents climate change risks, approaches to climate change mitigation, specific predicted impacts of climate change on Bangladesh, and strategies for climate change adaptation.
This updated publication includes forwards by Bishop Paul S.
Achieving parading shift from conventional response to comprehensive risk reduction was targeted by Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme (CDMP). CDMP is a progarmme of Government of Bangladesh and UNDP supported by UK Aid and EU. During phase-I (2004-2009) initiatives have been undertaken in the focus area “professionalizing the disaster management system”. A substantial progress has been made in incorporating disaster risk reduction (DRR) issues in education system.