Timor-Leste is the smallest country in the region of East and Southeast Asia both geographically—with a total area of less than 15,000 kilometers—as well as in regards to population—with less than 1.2 million people (CIA, 2011). Since achieving independence in May 2002 following civil unrest in the late 1990s, the country has focused on rebuilding its infrastructure and economy. Its Human Development Index ranking of 120 out of 169 (UNDP, 2010) is near the lower end of the region, but Timor-Leste has made strides in recent years. Still, it remains classified as one of the least developed countries in the world. Currently, there is little data concerning the impacts of climate change on Timor-Leste. As such, Timor-Leste does not yet have a formal climate change adaptation strategy. Informal efforts such as agricultural education, however, are beginning to emerge.
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:Secretariat of State for Environmental Coordination, Territorial Ordinance and Physical Development
National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) provide a process for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change – those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage. The following summarizes the NAPA for East Timor.
Climate Related Hazards: To be determined.
Main Human Vulnerabilities and Livelihood Impacts: To be determined.
- 1.To set up Institutional structure for the preparation of the NAPA document
- 2.To conduct participatory assessment of vulnerability to current climate variability
- 3.To identify key climate change adaptation measures and develop proposals for priority activities to address the adverse effects of climate change
- 4.To prepare the NAPA document in the format established by the COP
- 5.To have the NAPA document endorsed by the national Parliament, Council of Ministers and the Prime Minister
- 6.To disseminate the final NAPA document to the public.
- Output 1.0: Institutional structure for preparation of NAPA document established
- Output 2.0: Vulnerability to current climate variability assessed
- Output 3.0: Potential climate change adaptation measures formulated and prioritized
- Output 4.0: The National Adaptation Programme of Action Prepared and Endorsed
UNDP Regional Technical Advisor
- Gernot Laganda
- UNDP Regional Centre Bangkok
- Tel:+66 (0)2288 2644
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Project Status:Under Implementation.
National adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) provide a process for Least Developed Countries (LDCs) to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change – those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage. The following summarizes the NAPA for Myanmar.
Climate Related Hazards * To be determined.
Main Human Vulnerabilities and Livelihood Impacts * To be determined.
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:Mininstry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF), through NAFRI
Food insecurity resulting from climate change in Lao PDR minimized and vulnerability of farmers to extreme flooding and drought events reduced
- Access to climate risk information
- Policy Analysis and Capacity Building
- Community-based climate risk reduction
- Adaptation Learning
Working in one drought prone province in the South and one flood prone province in the North, this project is reducing the vulnerability of farmers to extreme flooding and drought events through the introduction of an applied ecosystems based approach to agriculture. The project is engaging at several levels. At the community and farmer level it is promoting a combination of new and traditional climate resilient cropping methods; at the province and district level it is strengthening the skills of planners, policy makers and extension workers; and the national level it is introducing a climate risk information system as a basis for comprehensive long term planning for climate risks.
1. An improved national knowledge and information base on climate change and its impacts
Existing climate hazard and vulnerability information for agricultural production is being systematically compiled, documented and assessed on the basis of global and regional climate change models. This information will be used to analyze agricultural land-use planning in flood- and drought-prone areas and develop alternative land use plans for different climate scenarios. Based on the results of this analysis, climate risk projections will be integrated into a comprehensive national database for flooding and drought hazards and vulnerabilities to be established by the project. A functioning system for the collection, distribution, and use of climate-related risk information at the national, district, and local levels will promote the sharing of project knowledge both within Lao PDR and in the greater Mekong sub-region. Most importantly it will contribute to and underpin both of the two other key project outcomes.
2. Increased awareness and understanding of planners, extension works and producers about climate risks in the agriculture sector
The project will build the capacity of sectoral planners and policy makers in MAF, WREA, MPI, NLMA, NDMO to understand and plan for projected climate change impacts on agricultural production. Climate risks will be integrated into agriculture and land use planning policies and strategies, helping to demonstrate the practical value of a comprehensive national database on climate risk. Capacity development will also engage province and district level agricultural officers, extension workers, farmer cooperatives and local stakeholders, for example by ensuring that climate risk projections and low-cost adaptation options are introduced into training programmes and learning activities provided by extension workers to local farmer groups.
3. Investments in diversified and adaptive agricultural practices
Community-based agricultural adaptation measures will be piloted in selected communities to promote the diversification of crops, the introduction of drought- and flood-resilient crop options, resilient farming methods and low-cost water conservation/irrigation technologies.
Project contact person:
- Angus Mackay
- Regional Technical Advisor
Is Climate Change Real or Just a Phantom? What Some Southeast Asians Think About It
Dr. Lorna M. Calumpang, Ms. Bernadette P. Joven, and Mr. Dione Christian A. Baracol
Summary In October 2008 our group at SEARCA made a survey on how peoples of Southeast Asia think and what they know about Climate Change. Is the danger accompanying it real for them, or just a phantom?
We drafted a questionnaire to find out what people think about climate change.
Knowledge Center on Climate Change (KC3): Adaptation and Best Practices in Agriculture and Natural Resources Sectors
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:SEARCA's University Consortium in Southeast Asia,
To prepare for climate change-related disasters, many institutions are now addressing changing climate within their mandates at the global and local levels. While these efforts are useful, relevant knowledge solutions generated by these efforts are scattered and generally inaccessible. In addition, this fragmented body of knowledge needs to be organized, packaged, and shared in formats understandable to and replicable by various users.
1. Research and Development on Adaptation in the Agriculture and NR sectors at the community level
2. Graduate Scholarship for MS and PhD levels
3. Short-Term Trainings
4. Knowledge Management
1. researchers' data base
2. R&D adaptation works data base
3. Graduate Scholarship Grants
4. Multi-stakeholder Consultation Proceedings for Southeast Asia
5. Publications, video, and other multimedia learning tools/visual aids to support capacity development
6. Pilot actions databases
7. Best Practices and Success Stories on Climate change adaptation
8. Climate Change action plans for individual southeast asian countries
9. Policy briefs, journals, training modules,
10. yellow page directory and manuals on adaptation technologies and practices; others
Project Status:Currently in the formation stage, website constructed and undergoing content build up; seeking funding donors to help fund initiatives: information, education, communication (IEC) campaigns
Primary Beneficiaries:researchers; forest, farmer, fisher leaders and communities, policy makers
Promoting Climate Resilient Water Management and Agricultural Practices in Rural Cambodia (NAPA Follow-up project)
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:UNDP, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
The aim of the project is to make Cambodia’s agricultural sector less vulnerable to changes in the availability of water resources resulting from climate change. It will also contribute to the broader goal of enhancing adaptive capacity to prevent food insecurity in Cambodia induced by climate change. The project will work to increase awareness of climate change, demonstrate climate resilient practices in agriculture and water resource management and integrate responses into provincial and commune development plans.
The project goal is to “enhance food security and food production in the face of changed climate conditions”.
- Pilot the integration of climate change responses into commune and provincial development plans in the two target districts in Kratie Province and Preah Vihear Province.
- Develop and pilot technologies that improve access to water for household use and agriculture in a changing climate.
- Develop and pilot farming methods that are suited to changing climates in the two target areas.
- Bridge the gap between gender, agriculture and climate change at province, district and commune levels.
- Promote public awareness of climate change and adaptation in relation to water resources management and agricultural practices.
- Document case studies, best practices and lessons learned and share them through the UNDP Adaptation Learning Mechanism www.adaptationlearning.net This web-based global knowledge-sharing platform designed to capture and disseminate adaptation experiences.
Towards this end, four outcomes will be achieved:
- Outcome 1: Capacity for development planning under conditions of climate change improved
- Outcome 2: Locally appropriate adaptation options adopted to reduce exposure to climate -induced risks
- Outcome 3: Lessons learned in the pilot sites replicated in other vulnerable areas of Cambodia
- Outcome 4: Experiences generated contribute to UNDP's Adaptation Learning Mechanism (UNDP-ALM)
- Two target communes supported in mainstreaming climate change into Commune Investment Programs (CIP) 2011. Almost 100 provincial and district facilitation teams, line department staff and NGOs attended a project orientation workshop on climate change and its impact.
- Two Farmer Water User Committees in Teuk Krahom, Preah Vihear were formed to manage future water-related conflicts.
- Around 500 farmers, of which 250 were women, and commune councils were made aware of the impact of climate change on agricultural livelihoods through project knowledge sharing activities.
- More than 100 farmers, of which approximately 50 were women, participated in 30 demonstrations of climate resilient rice varieties. Farmers expressed an interest for more trials to take place.
- 120 farmers learnt improved farming techniques through Farmers’ Field Schools and Farmers’ Field Days.
- Farmers in 13 target villages assessed their climate change vulnerability and their responses were incorporated into project activities.
UNDP Regional Technical Advisor
- Gernot Laganda
- Climate Change Adaptation
- Tel: +66 (0) 2288 2644
- Email: email@example.com
National Communication Officer
- Bunly Meas
- Climate Change Adaptation
- Email: Bunly.Meas@undpaffiliates.org
UNDP Cambodia Project Contacts
Project Status:Under Implementation
Primary Beneficiaries:Selected local communities in the Choam Khsan District (Preah Vihear Province) and Chit Borei District (Kratie Province)
CTI Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle: Southeast Asia under Coral Triangle Initiative
Implementing Agency:Asian Development Bank
Implementing Agency and Partnering Organizations:All lead in-country Government agencies; Inter-governmental Agencies; and Nongovernmental Organization (NGOs)
The Coral Triangle (CT) spans eastern Indonesia, parts of Malaysia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Timor Leste and Solomon Islands . This project ‘Coastal and Marine Resources Management in the Coral Triangle: Southeast Asia’ is a companion project to the ‘Coastal and marine resources management in the Pacific’ and a sub-project under the proposed Coral Triangle Initiative GEF program.
1. Strengthening the Policy and Institutional Conditions Needed for Sustainable Fisheries, Coastal and Marine Resources Management
2. Increasing the Resilience of Fisheries, Coastal and Marine Resource Systems and Marine Protected Areas
3. Promoting the Sustainable Financing of Marine Protected Areas and other Coastal and Marine Resources Management Measures
4. Coordination, Harmonization and Project Management
Improved capacity of inter-governmental agencies, national and provincial authorities and CBOs and local management authorities involved with MPAs and fisheries management.
Legal and policy regimes to support an ecosystem approach to marine resource and fisheries management (including tuna and live reef fish trade) established, and guidelines on ecosystem-based approach adopted.
New and improved laws and regulations on protection of threatened species established at the national and international levels.
Regional analyses of changes and inter-dependencies among people and markets. Improved technical cooperation and information sharing. Education, training, public awareness and outreach program undertaken.
Assessment completed to identify major threats, essential habitats and threatened and endemic species and demonstrate global and local benefits of marine conservation.
Analyses of the ecological, economic and institutional drivers and interactions between climate-related stressors and opportunities to fisheries.
Assessments of coral reef degradation due to coral bleaching, acidification of sea water, coastal habitat loss due to sea level rise, effects of changes in upwelling patterns to fisheries and migratory species and extreme weather events.
Demonstration projects showing increased resilience of marine ecosystems to the impacts of climate change
Policy briefs to guide in appropriate assistance and development activities.
Quantification and development of vulnerability indices and metrics adapted for comparative analyses of fishery systems
Maria Lourdes Drilon
Natural Resources Economist
Implementing Agency:IBRD - The World Bank
To develop and demonstrate the systematic diagnosis of climate-related problems and the design and implementation of cost-effective adaptation measures in agriculture and natural resources management. In addition, the project would aim to integrate climate risk awareness and responsiveness into economic and operational planning.
The Philippines is widely known as one of the countries that is most exposed to natural hazards, including typhoons, floods, landslides, droughts, volcanoes, earthquakes and tsunamis.
1. Improve coordination of adaptation policy by DENR.
2. Implementing climate risk reduction measures in key productive sectors.
3. Strengthen proactive disaster management within the NDCC.
4. Enhance provision of scientific information for climate risk management.
5. Project management
1. Inter Agency Committee on Climate Change’s (IACC) work on adaptation strengthened;
Institutional arrangements for climate change adaptation in Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) strengthened.
2. Investments in natural resources, infrastructure and agriculture sectors are more resilient to climate change.
3. National Disaster Coordination Committee‘s (NDCC) capacity to carry out disaster risk reduction is enhanced; Climate change impacts are considered in NDCC's risk analyses for disaster risk reduction.
4. Capacity of National Mapping and Resource Information Authority (NAMRIA) and Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Authority (PAGASA) to provide scientific information to various end users strengthened; Capacity in other scientific institutes improved; and Feasibility of strengthening weather insurance assessed.
Project Contact Person
EAP GEF Coordinator
Project Status:Council Approved
Ministry of the Environment of the Republic of Indonesia hosts training programs through a education center to improve knowledge, skills and competence of human resources in managing the environment both in technical and managerial ways. Central and local government institutions, universities, private sector and interested parties are all allowed to be part of the training. The training program is in the form of seminars, workshops, on the job training, production of films.