Kenya’s geographic location makes it inherently prone to cyclical droughts and floods. Moreover, according to the Initial National Communication (INC), such types of cyclical climate-driven events will increase in intensity and frequency due to global climate change. Livelihoods and economic activities in Kenya’s are highly vulnerable to climatic fluctuations, with the districts of the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) being among the most vulnerable to recurrent droughts, and to long-term climate change. The rural poor are the most vulnerable to the impacts of Kenya’s current climate variability. In response this project is supporting poor and vulnerable communities in the Mwingi District of the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) to enhance their adaptive capacity to drought (and flood). Working in the pilot areas, this is being achieved through enhanced access to and management of water for irrigation, promotion of indigenous crops that more resilient to anticipated climate (and improved access to markets for these crops), and promoting livestock varieties that are more suited to the climate, development and promotion of alternative livelihood opportunities (such as beekeeping activities). The project is also strengthening climate risk management planning and capacity of District level planners to mainstream climate change into District-level sectoral development plans. Extension workers will be supported to improve their adaptation extension advice to farmers based on best available climate forecast information.

Adaptation Experience:

The project, “Kenya-Adaptation to Climate Change in Arid Lands” (KACCAL) project is focused on strengthening Mwingi District’s capacity to reduce the vulnerability of rural livelihoods in arid areas to climate variability and change. The project will focus on i) improving the ability of farmers to reduce the near-term vulnerability to current climate variability and trends and on ii) strengthening the capacity of District-level planners to address climate change.

Results and Learning:

Refer to the attached UNDP-ALM Case Study for detailed information.


The project has a ‘mainstreaming’ component to it as well as a practical implementation/ testing component to it. The mainstreaming component is centres mainly around the capacity development of District level planners to be able assess and plan for climate risks. The project will demonstrate an approach that can be continued beyond the project grant. Secondly, the project will develop a workplan for capacity and institutional development that goes beyond the project resources, to facilitate fund-raising for continued capacity development support. Thirdly, the mainstreaming analysis will focus on how the national regulatory and fiscal frameworks and instruments inhibit or could be adjusted to promote adaptation among the private sector: mainly small and medium enterprises, thereby promoting scale-up of successful adaptation measures.

Refer to the attached UNDP-ALM Case Study for detailed information.


180 households will benefit directly from the pilot projects (6 community groups); an additional 360 households (12 community groups) to benefit from exchange visits to pilot sites; c. 10,000 households in the pilot areas (75% of households) will benefit from dissemination of adaptation advice.The project will disseminate the lessons and methodology of the project to national policy-makers to raise awareness and understanding of the need for adaptation action, both in terms of the role of government in incentivising the private sector to allocate resources in a climate-resilient way aswell as the allocation of public financing to testing new ways of doing business.

Leading Organization:
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Funding Source:
Your rating: None Average: 5 (1 vote)